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USDA - AMS: Iowa Hay Report (2019-07-12)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - July 12, 2019

Des Moines, IA         July 12, 2019           USDA-IA Dept of Ag Market News

Iowa Hay Summary - Week Ending  July 12, 2019

Compared to last week, price levels were mostly steady with very limited sales.
Weather conditons recently have allowed a good amount of hay to put up thoughtout 
most regions with good tonnage reported. Overall sales were slow this week as most 
producers focused on getting hay put under roof.  All sales are dollars per ton FOB 
the field or stack, unless otherwise noted.  
Alfalfa                 Premium   Small Squares                   $265.00 
                        Premium   Large Squares         $260.00 - $280.00                        
                        Good      Small Squares		$160.00 - $200.00
                        Good      Large Squares         $210.00 - $230.00 
                        Good      Large Rounds			  $250.00 	                      	  

Alfalfa/Grass		Premium   Large Squares         $200.00 - $280.00                            
                        Good      Small Squares                   $170.00   
                                  Large Squares         $140.00 - $155.00  
                        Fair      Large Rounds          $120.00 - $145.00                                                                 
Grass                   Premuim   Large Squares                   $200.00
                        Good      Small Squares         $140.00 - $160.00
                                  Large Squares         $135.00 - $150.00
                        Fair      Large Rounds                    $114.00 
                        Utility   Large Rounds          $ 75.00 - $100.00 
Straw	        Wheat             Large Squares         $135.00 - $140.00
                                  Small square          $175.00 - $180.00
                Oat               Small square                    $175.00 old crop
Organic Hay: Small Square 350.00  premium alfalfa   Large square $120.00 good mixed grasses
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines:  (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% grass)

                  ADF     NDF     *RFV    **TDN-100% **TDN-   CP
Supreme           <27     <34     >185        >62    >55.9   >22
Premium          27-29   34-36  170-185     60.5-62  54.5-5 20-22
Good             29-32   36-40  150-170      58-60   52.5-5 18-20
Fair             32-35   40-44  130-150      56-58   50.5-5 16-18
Utility           >35     >44     <130        <56    <50.5   <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium                 Over 13
          Good                      9-13
          Fair                      5-9
          Low                     Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
          leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
          Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.

Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold. Defects will be identified in market
         reports when using this category.

Source: Source: USDA Market News Service, Des Moines, IA
        Jodie Pitcock, Charlie Potts 515-284-4460
        24 Hour recorded market information 515-284-4830


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