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USDA - AMS: Texas Hay Report (2019-10-04)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - October 4, 2019

Amarillo, TX       Fri Oct 04, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  All hay classes traded mostly steady to firm 
with few sales 10.00 higher.  Trade activity was moderate to good with 
producers making room for more inventory. Quality of hay very good for 
some producers while others continue battling weeds and army worms with 
spraying procedures. Moisture remains spotty with reports of up to six 
inches for some producers but severe drought and wind for others. Coastal 
Bermuda producers in North and East Texas waiting for hay to dry back up 
from rainfall. Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
	Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 240.00-
	270.00; Good: 175.00-195.00.              
	Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 272.00, 8.25 per bale. 
	Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 195.00-210.00. 
                                       	    Calf 225.00-245.00. 
	Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 
	Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: Beardless 200.00-220.00. Bearded 
	115.00-130.00. Rained on 90.00-100.00. 
	Wheat Straw: Large Bales: Delivered: 95.00-110.00.
       Cotton Burrs: Ground and Delivered 90.00-100.00.
 Sorghum: Large Bales: Delivered: Ground 125; Green 150.00; brown     
	CRP: Large Bales: Delivered: 80.00-85.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
	Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     	290.00-330.00, 10.00-11.00 per bale.
      Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 245.00-265.00. 

North, Central, and East Texas:
	Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 255.00-
       Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 7.00-10.00    
 	per bale. 
      Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 160.00; 50.00-80.00 per roll.
South Texas:
      Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 7.00-9.00 
      per bale.
 	Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-
160.00, 50-80.00 per roll; Fair or Grass mix 100.00-110.00, 50.00 per 
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785	         
0900c     bjb

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