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Ukraine : The Ministry of Environment is developing a plan to combat the uncontrolled spread of invasive alien species

Aug 10, 2018 (Euclid Infotech Ltd via COMTEX) --

Uncontrolled distribution in the natural environment of the species-invaders creates a global threat to biodiversity. It is these kinds of flora and fauna, due to various reasons, mainly caused by economic and other activities of a person who have appeared in the new conditions, can have a large negative impact on local species and ecosystems. Some of them are a direct threat to the quality of life and health of a person.

Invasive alien species are one of the main negative factors that lead to the reduction or disappearance of many local wildlife species and damage the rural and other spheres of the Ukrainian economy.

Therefore, the Ministry of Natural Resources created a working group on foreign invasive species, the purpose of which is the development of organizational and legal ways to strengthen the fight against uncontrolled penetration and distribution of species-entrants.

Types-allies are found in all taxonomic groups of living organisms, including animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms and can affect all types of ecosystems.

In Ukraine, the well-known examples of species-insects causing damage to crops, human health, cause a significant decrease in the number of populations of local species are plants such as cockroaches, ambergris, among animals - the Colorado potato beetle, the rappala molluscum, and the membranes of the membranes.

Dangerous allergen for humans is ambrosia. And after contact with a dandelion, the appearance of irritations on the skin, which does not heal for a long time.

The representative of this species is the malicious pest of agriculture Colorado potato beetle. By the way, Rapana caused a significant decrease in the number of mussels, oysters and other local species of molluscs in the Black Sea. The appearance of membrane membranes in the Azov-Black Sea basin has led to a reduction in the number of industrial species of sea fish.

According to expert estimates, losses from the uncontrolled proliferation of new plant species, animals, make up the world from $ 55 to $ 248 billion annually. Fighting the most dangerous alien plants costs the world 1.4 trillion. dollars a year.

The problem of species-invaders is so serious that the provisions on the need for coordinated control measures for them are included in the texts of international treaties, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Wildlife and Natural Habitats in Europe.

In 2014, the European Union approved a special directive aimed at strengthening the measures to combat species-insects, and also approved a list of the most dangerous species.

Ukraine is a party to this international treaty.

At the moment, a working group at the Ministry of Environmental Protection is working on the creation of an information system for environmental threats to adventitious (alien) species of Ukraine and examines the possibility of drawing up and endorsing nationally the most threatened IWB list.

In addition, the members of the group started work on the development of the National Strategy of Ukraine to combat the spread of invasive alien species. In particular, the preparation of the relevant amendments to the legislation on the issues of IWB.

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