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USDA - AMS: California Weekly Hay (2020-06-19)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - June 19, 2020

ML_GR311	
Greeley, CO   Fri June 19, 2020   USDA - CO Dept of Ag Market News

California Hay Report

  Compared to last week:  Trade activity moderate on moderate demand.  
According to the NASS Crop Progress report June 15, 2020, in Tulare 
County, harvesting of winter grain plants such as wheat, oats and barley 
was completed.  However, some winter grain fields remained for dried 
grain harvest.  Some winter grains, especially oats were being cut, dried 
and baled for hay.  Cotton fields were being cultivated and irrigated.  
Fields were being fertilized and tilled for corn and sorghum planting as 
well as cultivated for weeds.  Alfalfa continued to be irrigated, cut, 
dried and baled.  In Fresno County, herbicide applications were on-going 
in barley and oat fields as needed.  Cotton emerged due to warmer 
weather.  Wheat for fodder, sorghum, triticale, and winter wheat forage 
was being harvested for dairy feed and cover crop.  Harvested fields were 
disked and cultivated for re-planting of more forage crops.  Rice fields 
were growing well. A few mustard fields were mowed, and safflower fields 
were drying down in anticipation for harvest.  The rice crop was 
progressing at a normal pace in the Sacramento Valley.  Hay is reported 
FOB the stack or barn unless otherwise noted. Regions are defined at 
bottom of report. 

Tons:  14,850    Last Week:  19,055    Last Year:  13,610                      

Region 1: North Inter-Mountain:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Supreme                 750  180.00-185.00  182.33                       
                              135  190.00-190.00  190.00    High Testing 
      Premium/Supreme         390  175.00-175.00  175.00                       
      Premium                 150  170.00-170.00  170.00                       
                              400  140.00-140.00  140.00    Retail/Stable     
  Grass                                                                  
      Fair/Good               200  150.00-150.00  150.00                       

Region 2: Sacramento Valley: No New Sales Confirmed.            

Region 3: Northern San Joaquin Valley:                                         
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 400  205.00-205.00  205.00    Retail/Stable     
      Fair/Good              2000  160.00-160.00  160.00                       
      Fair                    300  140.00-140.00  140.00                       
  Orchard Grass                                                                
      Good                    200  180.00-180.00  180.00    Retail/Stable     
  Wheat                                                                        
      Good                    250  115.00-115.00  115.00                       
                              300  140.00-140.00  140.00    Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                   4000  115.00-120.00  117.50                       

Region 4: Central San Joaquin Valley:                                          
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Supreme                 275  220.00-230.00  227.27                       
      Good                    400  203.00-203.00  203.00                       
                              400  220.00-220.00  220.00 Del  
                 
Region 5: Southern California:                                                 
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 175  275.00-275.00  275.00    Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                     25  260.00-260.00  260.00    Retail/Stable                           

Region 6: Southeast California:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                1600  175.00-175.00  175.00     Export            
                              400  150.00-150.00  150.00     Stable     
      Good                   1500  160.00-160.00  160.00                       
  Bermuda Grass                                                                
      Premium                 100  200.00-200.00  200.00     Retail     
  Teff                                                                         
      Premium                 100  200.00-200.00  200.00     Retail     
  Wheat Straw                                                                  
      Good                    600   80.00-80.00    80.00                       

The following are the counties included in each region:                        
Region 1: Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, and Plumas.                         
Region 2: Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, 
Placer, Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador, and Alpine.             
Region 3: San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced, 
Mariposa.
Region 4: Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare, and Inyo.                             
Region 5: Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.             
Region 6: Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside, and Imperial.                     

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass, used with visual appearance and intent of sale 
Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect feeding 
value.

             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16

ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = Relative 
Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. RFV calculated using the 
Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western formula. Values based 
on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.

Source:  USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO
         Jonathan Gittlein and Greg Sanders
         Greeley.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov 970-353-9750               
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR311.txt
         http://marketnews.usda.gov/portal/lg

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