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USDA - AMS: Colorado Weekly Hay Report (Thu) (2020-06-18)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - June 18, 2020

Greeley, CO    Thu Jun 18, 2020    USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News

Colorado Hay Report

   Compared to last week, trade activity and demand light.  Northeast 
Colorado 1st cutting haylage complete and growers wrapping up baling in 
dry, windy conditions.  Producers in southwest Colorado are wrapping up 
1st cutting grass and alfalfa hay while battling dry, windy conditions.  
Southeast Colorado battling D3 drought category as pasture and range 
conditions continue to deteriorate.  Trade activity is getting underway 
for first cutting alfalfa in the San Luis Valley as producers and buyers 
try to find a middle ground on pricing.  Growers there are being 
encouraged to cut back on irrigation water usage for 2nd cutting.  
Weather conditions remain unchanged in the Mountains and Northwest 
Colorado regions as producers express concerns as to what yields will be 
on meadow grass hay.  According to the U.S Drought Monitorís High Plains 
Summary released June 16, 2020; conditions are rapidly deteriorating 
through most of the High Plains Region.  Although rainfall deficits only 
date back a few weeks to a few months, other factors are making things 
worse, specifically abnormal heat, low humidity, and gusty winds. All 
these factors led to broad areas of deterioration in eastern Colorado, 
southern Kansas, Wyoming, the Dakotas, and adjacent parts of Nebraska. 
Notably, extreme drought (D3) expanded to cover a large part of southern 
and eastern Colorado, and adjacent parts of Kansas.  According to the 
NASS Colorado Crop Progress Report for week ending June 14, 2020, 1st 
cutting harvested alfalfa hay is at 63 percent with crop condition 
percentages for alfalfa hay rated 11 percent Very Poor, 16 percent Poor, 
28 percent Fair, 41 percent Good and 4 percent Excellent.  Stored feed 
supplies were rated 9 percent very short, 18 percent short, 72 percent 
adequate, and 1 percent surplus.  The next available report will be 
Thursday, June 25, 2020.  All prices reported are FOB at the stack or 
barn unless otherwise noted.  Prices reflect load lots of hay.  If you 
have hay for sale or need hay, use the services of the Colorado 
Department of Agriculture website:

Northeast Colorado Areas
   Large Squares: Fair 130.00, Contract, DEL.
     Mid Squares: Premium 240.00, Retail/Stable.
   Small Squares: Premium 250.00-307.50 (7.50-10.00), Retail/Stable.
  Timothy/Brome Grass
     Mid Squares: Premium 235.00, Retail/Stable.
   Small Squares: Premium 250.00 (7.50 per bale), Retail/Stable.
   Small Squares: Premium 335.00 (10.00 per bale), Retail/Stable.
   No reported quotes for all other classes of hay.

Southeast Colorado Areas
   Large Squares: Good/Premium 150.00, Rain Damaged.
   Small Squares: Premium 265.00-290.00 (8.00 per bale), Retail/Stable.
   Large Squares: Premium 125.00, DEL.
   No reported quotes for all other classes of hay.

San Luis Valley Areas
   Large Squares: Premium/Supreme 150.00-155.00.
   No reported quotes for all other classes of hay.

Southwest Colorado Areas
  3-Way Forage Grass Mix
   Small Squares: Premium 300.00-365.00 (9.00-11.00 per bale), Certified 
Weed Free.
   No reported quotes from all other classes of hay.

Mountains and Northwest Colorado Areas
     Mid Squares: Premium 180.00.
                  Good 150.00.
   Small Squares: Premium 270.00 (7.00 per bale), Retail/Stable.
   No reported quotes for all other classes of hay.

Northeast: Weld, Washington, Morgan, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Lincoln, Elbert, 
Adams, Sedgwick, Yuma, Larimer, Jefferson, Douglas, Kit Carson, Phillips, 
Logan, Boulder, Arapahoe, and El Paso.
Southeast: Fremont, Custer, Huerfano, Las Animas, Bent, Otero, Prowers, 
Crowley, and Pueblo.
San Luis Valley: Saguache, Alamosa, Costilla, Conejos, Rio Grande, and 
Southwest: Mesa, Delta, Montrose, Ouray, San Miguel, Montezuma, Dolores, 
San Juan, Hinsdale, Archuleta, and La Plata.
Mountains and Northwest: Moffat, Routt, Jackson, Rio Blanco, Garfield, 
Gunnison, Teller, Grand, Chaffee, Park, Clear Creek, Gilpin, Summit, 
Lake, and Eagle.

   Contracts are not indicative to other regions of the state and do not 
pertain to the cash market.  The term "Season" Means that as long as the 
hay meets the contract requirements the buyer takes delivery on every 
cutting in that particular year.  All contracts are marketed on a per ton 
basis. Prices figured on a per ton basis or a per point basis (.xx times 
the RFV).  
   * - When priced on a per point basis.
   * - NEL basis for corn silage

   Haylage is based on 88 percent dry matter.  Haylage formula most often 
used (Haylage wet ton x percent dry matter/88 percent = 12 percent baled 
hay).  Haylage to be cut on an approximate 28 to 32 day cutting rotation.  
Quoted standing in the field.  

   Corn Silage 30-32 percent dry matter.  Based at .70 to .72 net energy 
for lactation (NEL).  Silage can be quoted standing in the field or 
delivered to the pit. ** All information is a basis for every contract 
and applies unless otherwise stated**

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct 
Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9     >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9  20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5  18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5  16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5     <16

   RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors 
can affect feeding value.  Values based on 100 percent dry matter.  
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100 percent dry matter.  End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Source:  USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO
         Heath Dewey, Market Reporter

1300M    hmd

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