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USDA - AMS: Iowa Hay Report (2019-03-15)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - March 15, 2019

NW_GR312   Des Moines, IA         March  15, 2019           USDA Market News

Iowa Hay Summary    Week Ending  Mar 15, 2019
It appears that small square bales are still being held in tight supply by
individual producers.  These bales continue to bring top dollar.  It should 
be noted however that both large rounds and squares are far out pricing 
similar quality hay and straw that was being sold laste summer and fall.
Iowa's weather forecast for the next week indicates that temperatures should
be on the rise and rainfall should be limited.
Alfalfa			Supreme	  Small Squares		$320.00 - $375.00
                        Good      Small Squares		$165.00 - $200.00
Alfalfa/Grass		Premium   Large Suares		$230.00 - $240.00                      
                                  Large Rounds                    $255.00 

Grass                   Fair      Large Rounds          $190.00 - $225.00
                        Utility   Large Rounds		$185.00 - $190.00
Corn Stalks			 Small Squares                    $130.00
                                 Large Rounds                     $120.00  

Straw		Oat		Small Squares           $230.00 - $240.00 
                                Large Rounds                      $160.00 
                Wheat           Large Rounds		$140.00 - $150.00               		 

Organic Hay: Nothing reported.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines:  (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% grass)

                  ADF     NDF     *RFV    **TDN-100% **TDN-   CP
Supreme           <27     <34     >185        >62    >55.9   >22
Premium          27-29   34-36  170-185     60.5-62  54.5-5 20-22
Good             29-32   36-40  150-170      58-60   52.5-5 18-20
Fair             32-35   40-44  130-150      56-58   50.5-5 16-18
Utility           >35     >44     <130        <56    <50.5   <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium                 Over 13
          Good                      9-13
          Fair                      5-9
          Low                     Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
          leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
          Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.

Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold. Defects will be identified in market
         reports when using this category.

Source: Source: USDA Market News Service, Des Moines, IA
        Nina Biensen  515-284-4460
        24 Hour recorded market information 515-284-4830
0900 NB

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