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USDA - AMS: Iowa Hay Report (2019-08-09)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - August 9, 2019

NW_GR312   Des Moines, IA         Aug. 10, 2019           USDA Market News

Iowa Hay Summary    Week Ending  Aug. 10, 2019

Weather continues to treat Iowa farmers well as rains continue to hold off.  
While this may be good for the hay crop, in certain parts of Iowa the corn crop
is starting to feel the lack of moisture.  Prices continue to reflect the quality 
of hay trading hands, but prices appear to be sliding slightly lower as both
better quality hay and straw become more widely available.

All hay and straw 2019 harvest unless otherwise noted. 
                           
Alfalfa                 Supreme	  Small Squares                   $280.00
                        Premium   Large Rounds          $150.00 - $170.00
                        Good      Large Squares         $160.00 - $170.00                      

Alfalfa/Grass		Premium   Small Squares         $160.00 - $200.00
                                  Large Squares         $152.00 - $170.00
                                  Large Rounds                    $175.00                                                                                     
                   
Grass                   Good      Large Squares                   $140.00
                                  Large Rounds          $135.00 - $165.00 
                        Fair      Large Rounds          $ 95.00 - $130.00 
                        Utility   Large Rounds          $100.00 - $105.00 

Cornstalks                        Large Rounds                    $ 75.00
                  	 			                          
Straw	        Oat               Small Square          $125.00 - $200.00
                                  Large Square          $120.00 - $150.00 
                Wheat             Small Square          $240.00 - $280.00 
                                  Large Round                     $ 50.00
                Rye               Small Square                    $180.00
                                  Large Square                    $120.00
                Barley            Small Square                    $300.00
                             
Organic Hay: Alfalfa/Grass: Supreme Small Square $267.00   
             Alfalfa/Grass: Premium Large Square $178.00
             Alfalfa/Grass: Premium Large Round  $135.00 
======================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines:  (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% grass)

                  ADF     NDF     *RFV    **TDN-100% **TDN-   CP
Quality
Supreme           <27     <34     >185        >62    >55.9   >22
Premium          27-29   34-36  170-185     60.5-62  54.5-5 20-22
Good             29-32   36-40  150-170      58-60   52.5-5 18-20
Fair             32-35   40-44  130-150      56-58   50.5-5 16-18
Utility           >35     >44     <130        <56    <50.5   <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Sale (usage).
=======================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium                 Over 13
          Good                      9-13
          Fair                      5-9
          Low                     Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence
hay price or value more than testing results.
=======================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
          leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
          Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.

Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold. Defects will be identified in market
         reports when using this category.
=======================================================================

Source: Source: USDA Market News Service, Des Moines, IA
        Nina Biensen  515-284-4460  Desm.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        24 Hour recorded market information 515-284-4830
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/NW_GR312.txt
        www.ams.usda.gov/LPSMarketNewsPage
0900 NB

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