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USDA - AMS: Lancaster County Daily Hay Report (2019-03-12)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - March 12, 2019

New Holland, PA    Tue Mar 12, 2019    USDA Market News
Lancaster Daily Hay Report
Kirkwood Ag Auction - Kirkwood, PA
Auction Report for Tuesday, March 12, 2019
             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Baleage
Load Count:     05           16            37          16          02
Tonnage:      16.75        67.45        162.02       52.84         15 (bales)
            (Last Week)                                             
Load Count:     04           07            20          11          00
Tonnage:      14.83        29.75         82.10       40.40         00 (bales)

   Compared to last week, a heavier run of hay on offer. Not enough Alfalfa 
for a market comparison. Grass and Alfalfa/Grass blended hays traded steady to 
15.00 lower on a heavy supply. Straw sold mostly steady. Not enough Fodder last 
week for a market comparison. Supply heavy. Demand good. Buyer attendance good. 
All prices are considered FOB, although a 10 mile local delivery is typically 
provided. Prices reflect various size loads of hay. Prices are per ton. 
Alfalfa                                 Grass Hays (Timothy/Orchard)  
   Large Squares/Rounds:                   Large Squares/Rounds:      
      Supreme:   -------------                Premium: one load 290.00
      Premium: one load 310.00                Good:      225.00-270.00
      Good:    one load 270.00                Fair:      165.00-205.00
      Fair:    one load 150.00                Utility: one load 145.00
   Small Squares:                          Small Squares:             
      Supreme: one load 440.00                Premium: one load 340.00
      Premium: one load 370.00                Good:      260.00-300.00
      Good:      -------------                Fair:      200.00-240.00
      Fair:      -------------                Utility:   145.00-185.00
Alfalfa/Grass                           Straw                         
   Large Squares/Rounds:                   Large Squares/Rounds:      
      Supreme:   -------------                Straw:     260.00-300.00   Wheat
      Premium:   265.00-300.00 Few                       230.00-260.00   Barley/Rye
      Good:      230.00-250.00 Few         Small Squares:             
      Fair:      180.00-190.00 Few            Straw:   one load 260.00   Barley
      Utility:    95.00-100.00 Few                     one load 225.00   Poor
   Small Squares:                       Corn Fodder                   
      Supreme:   -------------             Large Squares/Rounds:      
      Premium:   -------------               Fodder:     200.00-230.00
      Good:      250.00-295.00 Few                                    
      Fair:    one load 200.00             Small Squares:             
                                              Fodder:    -------------

Balage: One load Alfalfa/Grass Mixed 67.00/bale.  
Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.

Source:  USDA Ag Market News, New Holland-Lancaster County, PA 
         Levi Geyer, OIC / Cell 717-406-7350 
         Kayley Ellis, Market Reporter / Office 717-354-2391 

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