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USDA - AMS: Montana Hay Report (2019-01-11)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 11, 2019

Billings, MT      Fri January 11, 2018    USDA Market News

Weekly Montana Hay Report

Compared to last week: Alfalfa hay sold steady to firm. Demand 
improved this week as buyers from western states started to look
for hay in Montana, particularly in western Montana. Square bale
supplies in Idaho and other western states are running low and
buyers are looking east in order to secure supplies. Most of the
uptick in demand was limited to western Montana, while eastern 
Montana saw demand mostly unchanged. Grass hay supplies remain
very large with especially heavy supplies of lower quality hay. 
Winter continues to be very mild and mostly open. This has helped
continue to curb demand for hay from in state ranchers. While hay
supplies remain large many seem concerned about the lack of moisture 
seen this winter. Many ranchers seem willing to sit on the supplies
they have in case of a drought. Straw saw some increased sales this
past week as ranchers gear up for calving, however many have secured 
supplies earlier in the year so demand for straw is mostly light.
All prices are dollars per ton and FOB unless otherwise noted.

Alfalfa:   Supreme:  Small squares, 200.00-250.00
                     Large squares, 150.00 
                     Large rounds,  110.00
           Premium:  Large squares, NA    
                     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Large squares, 115.00-130.00   
                     Large rounds,  110.00-120.00
                     Small squares, NA
         Fair/Good:  Large squares, 90.00-120.00
                     Large rounds,  80.00-110.00
                     Small Squares, 125.00-140.00
           Utility   Large rounds,  75.00-80.00
                     Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Alfalfa:   Premium:  Small squares, NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA   
                     Small squares, 180.00
                     Large squares, 125.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 110.00-115.00
                     Large rounds,  90.00-100.00
                     Small squares, 120.00-130.00
           Utility:  Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Grass:     Premium   Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Small squares, 185.00
                     Large rounds,  110.00-120.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 125.00
                     Large rounds,  90.00-100.00
                     Small squares, 130.00
           Utility:  Large rounds,  70.00
                     Large squares, NA
                     Small squares, NA          

Grass:     Premium:  Small squares, 225.00-240.00
           Premium:  Large rounds,  NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 160.00-180.00

Barley                Large squares, 40.00-50.00
straw:                Large rounds,  40.00-50.00
                      Small squares, NA

Wheat straw:

South central        Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA
Northern             Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality     ADF     NDF      RFV    TDN-100pct   TDN-90pct     CP-100pct
Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62         >55.9          >22
Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62     54.5-55.9      20-22
Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5      18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5      16-18
Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56         <50.5          <16

   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western 
formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect 
feeding value.  Values based on 100pct dry matter.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.  
Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or value 
more than testing results.
   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality    Crude Protein Percent
Premium          Over 13
Good               9-13
Fair               5- 9
Utility          Under 5

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Billings, MT
         John Kimbrell, Officer in Charge

1210m    jdk


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