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USDA - AMS: Montana Hay Report (2019-01-25)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 25, 2019

Billings, MT      Fri January 25, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Montana Hay Report

Compared to last week: Alfalfa hay sold mostly steady to 5.00 
higher. Demand continues to improve this week as buyers from 
neighboring states and Canada are purchasing hay in Montana. 
Large square supplies have tightened considerably as loads of 
hay continue to leave the state. Dairy hay sales have been very 
strong, with hay moving mostly East to Wisconsin, Minnesota and 
Iowa. Idaho continues to buy large quantities of large squares as
drought conditions continue. However, as square supplies have 
tightened they have started to buy some large rounds. This has
helped improve this market over the last few weeks particularly
in the western half of the state. Straw saw strong sales this
past week as ranchers continue to gear up for calving. With 
heavier supplies of straw seen this year buyers have allowed 
prices to slip slightly in order to move supplies. Straw sold
steady to 5.00 lower. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB 
unless otherwise noted.

Alfalfa:   Supreme:  Small squares, 200.00-250.00
                     Large squares, 150.00 
                     Large rounds,  110.00
           Premium:  Large squares, 150.00  
                     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Large squares, 115.00-130.00   
                     Large rounds,  110.00-120.00
                     Small squares, NA
         Fair/Good:  Large squares, 90.00-120.00
                     Large rounds,  85.00-115.00
                     Small Squares, 125.00-140.00
           Utility   Large rounds,  75.00-80.00
                     Large squares, 80.00-120.00

Alfalfa:   Premium:  Small squares, NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA   
                     Small squares, 180.00
                     Large squares, 125.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 110.00-115.00
                     Large rounds,  90.00-100.00
                     Small squares, 120.00-130.00
           Utility:  Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Grass:     Premium   Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Small squares, 185.00
                     Large rounds,  110.00-120.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 125.00
                     Large rounds,  90.00-100.00
                     Small squares, 130.00
           Utility:  Large rounds,  70.00
                     Large squares, NA
                     Small squares, NA          

Grass:     Premium:  Small squares, 225.00-240.00
           Premium:  Large rounds,  NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 160.00-180.00

Barley                Large squares, 40.00-45.00
straw:                Large rounds,  40.00-45.00
                      Small squares, NA

Wheat straw:

South central        Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA
Northern             Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality     ADF     NDF      RFV    TDN-100pct   TDN-90pct     CP-100pct
Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62         >55.9          >22
Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62     54.5-55.9      20-22
Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5      18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5      16-18
Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56         <50.5          <16

   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western 
formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect 
feeding value.  Values based on 100pct dry matter.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.  
Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or value 
more than testing results.
   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality    Crude Protein Percent
Premium          Over 13
Good               9-13
Fair               5- 9
Utility          Under 5

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Billings, MT
         John Kimbrell, Officer in Charge

1200m    jdk


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