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USDA - AMS: Montana Hay Report (2019-05-10)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 10, 2019

Billings, MT      Fri May 10, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Montana Hay Report

Compared to last week: Alfalfa hay sold generally steady. Hay
sales continue to be light this week. Many producers are saying 
first cutting is behind schedule as cooler weather across the 
state has slowed growth this spring. Rumblings of new crop contracts
continue this week however most producers are holding out hoping
for higher prices. Offerings of 110.00-115.00 are showing up across
much of western Montana, however most producers are passing hoping
for higher prices later this summer. Ranchers are still feeding hay
due to a slow spring as pastures are just starting to get enough 
growth in eastern and central Montana to turn out pairs. This continues
to help ranchers feed through existing supplies, however, round supplies 
continue to be large. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB unless 
otherwise noted.

Alfalfa:   Supreme:  Small squares, 200.00-250.00
                     Large squares, NA
                     Large rounds,  110.00
           Premium:  Large squares, NA  
                     Large rounds,  120.00
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Large squares, 120.00-135.00   
                     Large rounds,  100.00-110.00
                     Small squares, NA
         Fair/Good:  Large squares, 105.00-125.00
                     Large rounds,  80.00-100.00
                     Small Squares, 125.00-140.00
           Utility   Large rounds,  70.00-80.00
                     Large squares, NA

Alfalfa:   Premium:  Small squares, NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA   
                     Small squares, 180.00
                     Large squares, NA
           Fair:     Large squares, NA
                     Large rounds,  80.00-100.00
                     Small squares, 120.00-130.00
           Utility:  Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Grass:     Premium   Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Small squares, 185.00
                     Large rounds,  110.00
           Fair:     Large squares, NA
                     Large rounds,  75.00-85.00
                     Small squares, 130.00
           Utility:  Large rounds,  70.00
                     Large squares, NA
                     Small squares, NA          

Grass:     Premium:  Small squares, 225.00-240.00
           Premium:  Large rounds,  NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 160.00-180.00

Barley                Large squares, 40.00-45.00
straw:                Large rounds,  40.00-45.00
                      Small squares, NA

Wheat straw:

South central        Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA
Northern             Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality     ADF     NDF      RFV    TDN-100pct   TDN-90pct     CP-100pct
Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62         >55.9          >22
Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62     54.5-55.9      20-22
Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5      18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5      16-18
Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56         <50.5          <16

   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western 
formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect 
feeding value.  Values based on 100pct dry matter.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.  
Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or value 
more than testing results.
   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality    Crude Protein Percent
Premium          Over 13
Good               9-13
Fair               5- 9
Utility          Under 5

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Billings, MT
         John Kimbrell 

1200m    jk


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