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USDA - AMS: Nebraska Weekly Hay Summary (Fri) (2019-05-09)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 9, 2019

Kearney, NE    Thu May 09, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending May 10, 2019

  Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady. Demand was 
moderate, instances good in some areas of the state. With unseasonal cool 
weather, pastures are slow to take off and some cattlemen across the state 
continue to by spot loads of hay. Spring planting has been slow in most 
areas, NASS reported on May 6th corn planting is 35 percent done compared to 
38 percent last year, and 47 percent for the five-year average. Rain blew 
across most of the state on Wednesday and will delay spring work for the 
nearby. Hopefully the frost will stay away overnight Thursday and forages 
will be able to grow at their normal pace. Alfalfa reports from 6 to 12 
across various areas of the state. Some dehy producers are eyeing the week 
of May 20th for startup if Mother Nature will cooperate. Most dehy producers 
stated, phones have been busy as old and new customers are trying to deal on 
2019 pellets. Prices has not been nailed down on new crop pellets. Also, 
several talks on standing alfalfa price but nothing set in stone for those 
acres this week. All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, 
unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 150.00-165.00. Grass Hay: Premium large 
rounds 100.00-110.00; Good large rounds 85.00-95.00; Fair large rounds 
60.00-75.00. Premium small squares 160.00-170.00. Cornstalks large rounds 
52.50. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein or better 270.00.  
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large round bales 110.00-120.00. Cornstalks large rounds 
65.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 140.00-160.00. Ground and delivered 
alfalfa-stubble mix 130.00-145.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 95.00-

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00; Fair large squares 140.00. Good large 
rounds 130.00-140.00. Straw in large squares 80.00. Ground and delivered 
alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

1145c tlw

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