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USDA - AMS: Nebraska Weekly Hay Summary (Fri) (2019-07-18)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - July 18, 2019

Kearney, NE    Thu Jul 18, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending July 19, 2019

  Compared to last reported market, alfalfa sold steady to weak. Dehy 
pellets sold steady in Eastern/Central and Platte Valley, Western 
Nebraska sold 40.00 lower. Ground and delivered to feedlots fully 
steady. Demand was light for rounds bales and ground hay with mostly 
moderate demand for large squares going to dairies. Spotty rain showers 
have hindered producer’s ability to put up high quality hay in many
locations as many producers report large quantities of rained on hay. 
This has softened the hay market for lower quality alfalfa. Hay movement
remains slow as many producers are busy with both first and second cuttings.
Note: “All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless 
otherwise noted.”

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 180.00-185.00; Good large squares 
155.00-170.00; Good large rounds 115.00-135.00, old crop 100.00; 
Fair large rounds 110.00. Alfalfa/Orchard grass: Good large rounds 
100.00. Grass Hay: Old crop Good large rounds 100.00; Premium small 
squares 160.00-170.00. Brome Hay: Fair to good large rounds 130.00 
delivered. Oat Hay: Large rounds 70.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 
percent 330.00; Organic Dehy alfalfa pellets 16 percent protein 
375.00; Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 300.00. 

Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good to Fair large rounds 120.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-stubble mix 125.00-135.00. 
Oat/cane mix ground and delivered 115.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 
95.00-110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 275.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 175.00-180.00; Good large squares 
135.00-160.00. Good large rounds 125.00 delivered. Fair to good large
squares 130 delivered. Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Straw: 
large rounds 70.00.  Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 215.00.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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