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USDA - AMS: Nebraska Weekly Hay Summary (Fri) (2019-08-29)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - August 29, 2019

Kearney, NE    Thu Aug 29, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending Aug 30, 2019

  Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady on a thin test. 
Demand was light throughout the state. Some contacts have priced hay to 
potential buyers and for the time being the buyers have passed. Appears 
many buyers are taking a look and see approach on what hay or forages 
could cost this fall. There has been some tonnage sold and the prices 
below reflect the current sales. Some of the prairie hay getting shipped 
is old and new crop. Some areas of the state from west to east have 
received rain this week with some hail that has completely wiped out 
crops and grass in its path. Some areas of Northeastern part of the state 
remains fairly dry. Most areas of the state will only get three cutting 
of alfalfa and some areas that are a tick dry or have been hailed might 
only get two cuttings. High humidity continues to plaque most of the 
state as it takes a long time for hay to dry down to be baled. Note: “All 
sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 90.00-95.00; Fair large rounds 85.00. Prairie 
Hay: Premium large rounds 125.00; Good large rounds 100.00-110.00.  
Premium small squares 165.00-170.00. Brome mix hay: Good large rounds 
90.00-100.00.  Straw large rounds 55.00-60.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 
percent 320.00. 
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 110.00. Oat hay in large round bales 80.00.  
Ground and delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-
stubble mix 125.00-135.00. Oat/cane mix ground and delivered 115.00. 
Ground and delivered corn stalks 100.00-110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 
percent protein 275.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 140.00-160.00. Straw large squares 65.00-
80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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