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USDA - AMS: Nebraska Weekly Hay Summary (Fri) (2019-09-26)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - September 26, 2019

Kearney, NE    Thu Sep 26, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending Sep 27, 2019

  Compared to last week alfalfa and grass hay steady. Alfalfa pellets and 
ground and delivered hay steady. Demand was light to moderate in the 
central and eastern areas with good demand in the western side of the 
state. Some producers continue to cut alfalfa, some are cutting cane and 
millet.  Some farmers are picking soybeans and other have started sending 
hi-moisture corn to feedlots. Silage choppers continue to pile tons of 
feed. Most reports, crops are a few weeks behind a normal year but many 
are surprise how well crops have performed after the slow and late start 
many had. Note: “All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay 
barn, unless otherwise noted. All reported prices are on confirmed sold 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Fair large squares 160.00; Good large rounds 100.00-105.00, few 
at 115.00. Prairie Hay: Premium large rounds 125.00-130.00; Good large 
rounds 100.00-110.00. Premium small squares 170.00-180.00. Old crop large 
rounds cane hay 80.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 300.00; Sun-cured 
alfalfa 15 percent protein 260.00.

Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 105.00, few at 115.00. Grass hay: Premium 
large rounds 120.00-130.00. Oat hay large rounds 80.00. Ground and 
delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-cornstalk 
mix 125.00-135.00. Oat/cane mix ground and delivered 115.00. Ground and 
delivered corn stalks 110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 
275.00; Sun-cured alfalfa 15 percent protein 240.00.

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00-165.00; Fair large squares 130.00-
140.00. Alfalfa/Orchard mix: Premium large squares 230.00. Oat/alfalfa 
mix large squares 120.00. Straw large squares 80.00. Ground and delivered 
alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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