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USDA - AMS: Nebraska Weekly Hay Summary (Fri) (2020-05-21)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 21, 2020

Kearney, NE    Thu May 21, 2020    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending May 22, 2020

  Compared to last week, all reported forages sold steady. Demand was 
moderate for alfalfa and ground hay going to feedlots. Most alfalfa 
producers are hoping they can start cutting alfalfa in the very near 
future. However, there has been a few fields cut in the eastern side of 
the state that will be made into pellets.  Light rain across some of the 
reporting areas this week. Per NASS, crop corn planted was 91 percent, 
well ahead of 63 last year, and ahead of 78 for the five-year average. 
Emerged was 54 percent, well ahead of 22 last year, and ahead of 39 
average.  Soybeans planted was 78 percent, well ahead of 34 last year and 
42 average. Emerged was 29 percent, well ahead of 5 last year and 8 
average. Oats planted was 92 percent, near 88 last year and 94 average. 
Emerged was 82 percent, well ahead of 62 last year, but near 84 average.   
Note: “All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless 
otherwise noted.” 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Fair to mostly good large rounds 85.00-95.00. Prairie Hay: Good 
large rounds 70.00-90.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 310.00. Sun-
cured pellets 15 percent 285.00.
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 85.00-90.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
115.00-120.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa/cornstalk mix 95.00-110.00. 
Ground and delivered cornstalks 60.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 
protein 270.00-285.00; Sun-cured alfalfa 15 percent protein 270.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 135.00-150.00. Good large rounds 120.00. 
Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00. 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

1530c tlw

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