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USDA - AMS: Nebraska Weekly Hay Summary (Fri) (2020-06-18)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - June 18, 2020

Kearney, NE    Thu Jun 18, 2020    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending June 19, 2020

  Compared to last week, new crop dairy alfalfa sold steady to firm, 
rounds and old crop alfalfa and grass hay steady. Dehy pellets and ground 
and delivered hay steady. Demand was good for new crop dairy quality hay 
with mostly light demand on all other classes. Hot, dry, windy weather 
across most of the state the last week has taken its toll on dryland hay 
and crops. However, native prairie grass producers have welcomed the dry 
weather as itís been three years since some native meadows have been 
harvested and this hot weather will aid in drying out the ground and the 
standing water. Most alfalfa producers thought hay tonnage was 30% to 50% 
less of last year. Several think the late frost in April did lot more 
damage than the physical plant showed. Few, reports that new crop oats 
are short and heading out. Some will start cutting those fields in the 
near future.  Price continues to be a topic of discussion. Some think it 
will go a tick higher, some steady to lower. It just depends on what part 
of the state itís derived from and the quality of hay. Along with a large 
list of other variables that nobody can control or foresee.  Note: ďAll 
sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: New Crop: Premium large squares 175.00-210.00, Good large 
squares 150.00-155.00; Premium large rounds 135.00; Good large rounds 
85.00-100.00. Old crop: Good large rounds 102.50. Prairie Hay: Old crop: 
Good large rounds 75.00, Fair large rounds 65.00. Premium small squares 
170.00-180.00. Cane in large rounds 60.00-65.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 
percent 310.00. Sun-cured pellets 15 percent 285.00.
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Cornstalks bales 40.00-45.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
115.00-120.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa/cornstalk mix 95.00-110.00. 
Ground and delivered cornstalks 60.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 
protein 280.00-285.00.  

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: New crop: Fair to good large squares 110.00; Good large round 
130.00 delivered. Straw in large squares 65.00-70.00. Ground and 
delivered alfalfa 143.00. 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

1345c tlw

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