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USDA - AMS: Pennsylvania Weekly Hay Report (Mon) (2019-01-31)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 31, 2019

New Holland, PA    Fri Feb 01, 2019    USDA-Ag Market News
Pennsylvania Weekly Hay Report - New Holland, PA

Summary Report for week ending Friday, Friday 1, 2019
Report comprised of Wolgemuth-New Holland, Kirkwood, and Wolgemuth-Leola hay 

             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Balage
Load Count:     07            44          107           30         06
Tonnage:      39.63        195.19       466.80       129.39        72 (bales)
            (Last Week)                                               
             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Balage
Load Count:     13            37           55           25         10
Tonnage:      52.93        186.70       259.93        84.67       114 (bales)

   Compared to last week, Alfalfa traded weak on a light test. Large bales of 
Alfalfa/Grass blended hay traded mostly steady to 20.00 higher. Grass hay traded 
unevenly steady. Straw traded 20.00-30.00 higher while fodder showed more modest 
increases, mostly steady to 10.00 higher. Demand moderate to good. Supply very 
heavy on Monday before a snow storm shortened supplies for Tuesday and Wednesday 
sales. Buyer attendance followed suit with the heaviest crowds at Monday's sale 
and very few buyers braving the cold temperatures on Wednesday. All prices are 
considered FOB, although a 10 mile local delivery is typically provided. Prices 
reflect various size loads of hay. Prices are per ton.

Alfalfa                           Grass Hays (Timothy/Orchard)  
   Large Squares:                   Large Squares:              
      Supreme:   -------------          Premium:   290.00-310.00   Few
      Premium:   235.00-295.00          Good:      200.00-275.00
      Good:      200.00-220.00 Few      Fair:      155.00-220.00
      Fair:      -------------          Utility:   110.00-140.00
   Small Squares:                   Small Squares:              
      Supreme: one load 440.00          Premium:   340.00-380.00   Few 420.00-490.00
      Premium:   -------------          Good:      240.00-310.00
      Good:    one load 250.00          Fair:      195.00-250.00
      Fair:      -------------          Utility: one load 165.00
Alfalfa/Grass                     Straw                         
   Large Squares: 	            Large Squares/Rounds:       
      Supreme:   320.00-345.00 Few      Straw:     255.00-295.00
      Premium:   275.00-300.00                     225.00-250.00   Few, Barley
      Good:      200.00-275.00      Small Squares:              
      Fair:      165.00-220.00          Straw:     275.00-300.00
                                                 one load 245.00
   Small Squares:                 Corn Fodder                   
      Supreme:   470.00-565.00 Few  Large Squares/Rounds:       
      Premium:   320.00-400.00          Fodder:    180.00-225.00   Few 245.00-250.00
      Good:      270.00-310.00                   one load 150.00   High Moisture
      Fair:      160.00-185.00 Few  Small Squares:              
                                        Fodder:    -------------
Baleage: Grass 30.00-37.00/bale. Mixed 45.00-52.00/bale. 

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.

Source:  USDA Ag Market News, New Holland-Lancaster County, PA 
         Levi Geyer 717-683-3305
	 Kayley Ellis, 717-354-2391

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