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USDA - AMS: Pennsylvania Weekly Hay Report (Mon) (2019-03-07)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - March 7, 2019

QA_GR111
New Holland, PA    Fri Mar 08, 2019    USDA-Ag Market News
Pennsylvania Weekly Hay Report - New Holland, PA

SUMMARY OF SOUTHEASTERN PA HAY AUCTIONS -
Summary Report for week ending Friday, March 8, 2019
Report comprised of Wolgemuth-New Holland, Kirkwood, and Wolgemuth-Leola hay 
auctions.

             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Balage
Load Count:     08            48           79           41         02
Tonnage:      34.52        232.73       374.33       169.71        24 (bales)
                                                                      
            (Last Week)                                               
             Alfalfa    Alfalfa/Grass    Grass    Straw/Fodder    Balage
Load Count:     19            64          123           60         02
Tonnage:      91.71        282.11       564.75       264.49        20 (bales)


   Compared to last week, a snow storm shortened supply on Monday. Prices for 
all varieties of hay and straw remained mostly steady throughout the week, 
trailing off slightly with a heavy supply on Wednesday. Very few premium and  
supreme quality loads were on offer this week. These top quality loads sold 
20.00-40.00 higher on very good demand. Fodder traded 10.00-20.00 higher on 
good demand. Baleage sold with a steady undertone on a very light test. Buyer 
attendance and demand good overall. All prices are considered FOB, although a 
10 mile local delivery is typically provided. Prices reflect various size loads 
of hay. Prices are per ton.

Alfalfa                           Grass Hays (Timothy/Orchard)  
   Large Squares:                   Large Squares:              
      Supreme:   -------------          Premium:   300.00-320.00   Few, One load 395.00
      Premium:   280.00-300.00 Few      Good:      190.00-280.00
      Good:      -------------          Fair:      165.00-215.00
      Fair:    one load 205.00          Utility:   140.00-160.00
                                                                
   Small Squares:                   Small Squares:              
      Supreme: one load 450.00          Premium:   340.00-390.00   One load 485.00
      Premium:   -------------          Good:      250.00-340.00
      Good:      -------------          Fair:      230.00-260.00
      Fair:      -------------          Utility:   125.00-150.00
                                                                
Alfalfa/Grass                     Straw                         
   Large Squares: 	            Large Squares/Rounds:       
      Supreme:   -------------          Straw:     270.00-320.00
      Premium:   270.00-325.00                     250.00-265.00   Floor Bales/Barley
      Good:      190.00-260.00      Small Squares:              
      Fair:      145.00-200.00          Straw:     290.00-345.00
                                                                
   Small Squares:                 Corn Fodder                   
      Supreme:   450.00-505.00 Few  Large Squares/Rounds:       
      Premium: one load 360.00          Fodder:    200.00-250.00   Few 285.00-290.00
      Good:      285.00-300.00                     145.00-165.00   Poor
      Fair:      165.00-205.00 Few  Small Squares:              
               one load 135.00          Fodder:    -------------
                                                                
Baleage: Grass few 57.00-57.00/bale.


Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.


Source:  USDA Ag Market News, New Holland-Lancaster County, PA 
         Levi Geyer 717-683-3305  NewHollandPALSMN@ams.usda.gov
	 Kayley Ellis, 717-354-2391
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/QA_GR111.txt
         www.ams.usda.gov/lsmarketnews

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