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USDA - AMS: Texas Hay Report (2019-01-04)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 4, 2019

Amarillo, TX       Fri, Jan 04, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  Most hay classes traded steady; except for 
ground alfalfa sold 5.00 lower as it competes with cheaper rations.  
Trade activity and demand were moderate as we start off a new year.  
Variety of hay on the market at this time used to cheapen rations are 
wheat and millet that feedyards are mixing into their rations.  Coastal 
Bermuda delivered to the panhandle stayed steady to firm due to freight 
but preferred for horses or to start calves in feedyards. Prices for hay 
and pellets quoted per ton except where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 275.00-300.00;
               Good to Premium 250.00-275.00; Fair to Good 210.00-250.00.               
Small bales: Delivered: Premium 315.00-330.00, 9.50-10.00 per bale 
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 225.00-235.00. 
                                       Calf 235.00-240.00.
Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 175.00-190.00.
Wheat/Alfalfa Mix: Ground: Delivered: 175.00-195.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Good to Premium 180.00-215.00. 
Cotton Burrs: Delivered: 95.00-105.00.
Corn Stalks: Large Bales: Delivered: 95.00-105.00.
Millet: Large Bales: Delivered: 115.00-125.00.
	  Ground: Delivered: 165.00.

Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     		290.00-360.00, 8.75-11.00 per bale.
 		Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 275.00-280.00; Fair to 
		Good 220.00-250.00.
North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 290.00-310.00;
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 297.00-330.00, 
		9.00-10.00 per bale.
   		Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 140.00-200.00, 70.00-	
		100.00 per roll; Fair to Good 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per 
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 264.00-330.00, 
8.00-10.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-231.00, 5.00-7.00 
per bale. 
 		Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 
		120.00-200.00, 60.00-100.00 per roll; Fair to Good 100.00-
		120.00, 50.00-60.00 per roll. 	
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785	         
0900c     ldh

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