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USDA - AMS: Texas Hay Report (2019-02-01)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - February 1, 2019

Amarillo, TX       Fri, Feb 01, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  Alfalfa sold steady to 5.00 lower.  Coastal 
Bermuda sold steady to 10.00 higher.  Supply of hay was light to moderate 
on moderate to good demand.  Alfalfa prices declined as producers are 
cleaning out barns anticipating new crop.  The panhandle is in need of 
moisture to benefit local wheat pastures.  Coastal Bermuda prices 
increased due to supply being low and freight.  Prices for hay and 
pellets quoted per ton except where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 270.00-285.00;
               Good to Premium 220.00-270.00.               
Small bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 315.00-330.00, 9.50-10.00 per 
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 220.00-235.00. 
                                       Calf 235.00-245.00.
Wheat: Ground: Delivered: 180.00-200.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Good to Premium 180.00-260.00; 
	Fair to Good 165.00-180.00. 
Sudan: Large Bales: Delivered: 135.00-145.00.
CRP: Large Bales: Delivered: 85.00-90.00.
Cotton Burrs: Delivered: 75.00-85.00.
Prairie: Round Bales: Delivered: 115.00.
Oat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 190.00.
Milo Stalks: Large Bales: Delivered: 80.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     		290.00-360.00, 8.75-11.00 per bale.
 		Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 275.00-280.00; Fair to 
		Good 220.00-250.00.
North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 290.00-310.00;
Small Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 400.00, 12.00 
per bale.
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 297.00-330.00, 
		9.00-10.00 per bale.
            Small Squares: Delivered: Premium 400.00, 12.00 per bale. 
   		Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 140.00-200.00, 70.00-	
		100.00 per roll; Fair to Good 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per 
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 264.00-330.00, 
       8.00-10.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-231.00, 5.00-7.00 
       per bale. 
 		Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 
		120.00-200.00, 60.00-100.00 per roll; Fair to Good 100.00-
		120.00, 50.00-60.00 per roll. 	
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785	         
0900c     ldh

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