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USDA - AMS: Texas Hay Report (2019-05-10)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 10, 2019

Amarillo, TX       Fri, May 10, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  Alfalfa sold steady to 5.00 lower as 
producers are in the process of cleaning out barns to make room for new 
crop that is about 2 to 3 weeks away.  Other hay classes remained 
unchanged.  Trade activity was light to moderate on moderate demand 
depending on the types of hay coming onto the market.  Wheat hay is being 
cut and baled in the Panhandle around thunderstorms.  In East and North 
Texas Coastal Bermuda producers are still being delayed due to fields 
being too wet to access; most have not been able to fertilize yet.  South 
Texas Coastal Bermuda producers have gotten through their first cutting 
and selling as fast as they can bale.  Prices for hay and pellets quoted 
per ton except where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
	Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 265.00-
	275.00; Good to Premium 250.00-265.00.               
	Small bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 297.00-330.00, 9.00-
	10.00 per bale. 
	Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 215.00-225.00. 
                                       	     	Calf 230.00-235.00.
	Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Good to Premium 205.00-
      Small Bales: Delivered: Good to Premium 360.00, 11.00 per bale. 
	Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 145.00-160.00.
	Rye: Large Bales: Delivered: 150.00.
	CRP: Ground: Delivered: 85.00-90.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
	Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     	330.00-360.00, 10.00-11.00 per bale.
 	Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 275.00-280.00.
North, Central, and East Texas:
	Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 290.00-
   	Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 297.00-330.00, 
	9.00-10.00 per bale.
      Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 140.00-200.00, 70.00-100.00 per 
	roll; Fair to Good 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per bale.
South Texas:
   	Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 264.00-297.00, 
      8.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-264.00 5.00-8.00 per bale. 
 	Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 100.00-
	120.00, 50.00-60.00 per roll.
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785	         
0900c     ldh

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