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USDA - AMS: Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay (2020-07-17)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - July 17, 2020

Moses Lake, WA    Fri July 17, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

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Tons:  15,420    Last Week:  11,200    Last Year:  12,450                                                                                                

     Compared last Friday, all grades Fair/Good Alfalfa steady as exporters 
pursue low testing over mature supplies. Premium/Supreme non rained Alfalfa not 
tested this week. Premium Timothy steady in a light test. Trade active with good 
demand as export buyers sought out supplies. New Crop feeder hay is still very 
abundant. Feed store/retail steady. Interests in the southern basin are cutting 
3rd cutting this week on Alfalfa. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the 
farm or ranch unless otherwise stated.  

                             Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Good                   1200  185.00-185.00  185.00                       
                             1000  200.00-200.00  200.00     Export            
      Fair/Good              2500  170.00-170.00  170.00                       
                             6000  180.00-180.00  180.00     Export            
      Utility                1200  165.00-165.00  165.00     Export            

    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                2000  230.00-240.00  235.00     Export            
                              400  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable   
Timothy Grass                                                                
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Fair                    120  220.00-220.00  220.00     Export    

  Timothy Grass                                                                
    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                1000  330.00-330.00  330.00     Export            

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.                                                                                      
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%                                  
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22                                    
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22                                   
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20                                   
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18                                   
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16                                    
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the                             
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
1028p    gds                                                                                   

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