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USDA - AMS: Wyoming Weekly Hay Summary (2020-05-07)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 7, 2020

Torrington, WY    Thu May 07, 2020   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending May 08, 2020

   Compared to last week baled hay, alfalfa cubes and sun-cured pellets 
steady. Some cattlemen getting hay shipped in from out of state. Some 
contacts stated few, buyers forfeited there down payment and have refused 
to take the loads small squares of hay. Crop progress report from NASS 
for week ending May 3, Barley planted 89% compared to last year of 85% 
and 5 yr ave of 83%. Emerged 58% compared to last year 52 percent. Corn 
planted 25% compared to last year 8% and 5 yr ave of 20%. Winter wheat 
jointed 10% compared to last year 7% and behind 5 yr ave of 13%. “All 
prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Good large squares 140.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent 
protein 255.00. 
Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Premium small squares 185.00-190.00. Alfalfa/Orchard grass: 
Premium small squares 185.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes bulk 
260.00, 50 lbs bags 300.00. 

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

1400c tlw

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