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USDA - NASS: Agricultural Prices (2019-01-31)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 31, 2019


Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released January 31, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Special Note

This Agricultural Prices report is dedicated to Daryl Brinkman who recently 
passed away.  Daryl worked on the Agricultural Prices report for more than 30 
years and served USDA and NASS for more than 45 years.
 
November Prices Received Index Up 3.5 Percent 

The November Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 88.1, 
increased 3.5 percent from October 2018. At 84.1, the Crop Production Index 
increased 5.0 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 92.1, increased 
0.9 percent. Producers received higher prices for lettuce, market eggs, 
cattle, and broilers but lower prices for soybeans, milk, hogs, and lemons. 
Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is down 3.6 percent. 
The Crop Production Index increased 2.7 percent and the Livestock Production 
Index decreased 9.5 percent. In addition to prices, the indexes are 
influenced by the volume change of commodities producers market. Increased 
monthly movement of milk, corn, cattle, and cotton offset the decreased 
marketing of soybeans, grapes, lettuce, and wheat. The Food Commodities 
Index, at 93.8, increased 5.6 percent from the previous month but decreased 
6.9 percent from November 2017.

November Prices Paid Index Down 0.4 Percent 

The November Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 109.0, is down 0.4 percent from October 2018 
but up 1.8 percent from November 2017. Lower prices in November for feeder 
cattle, LP gas, herbicides, and complete feeds more than offset higher prices 
for feeder pigs, tractors, nitrogen, and supplements.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :  November   :   October   :  November   
                Index Group               :    2017     :    2018     :    2018     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     91.4          85.1          88.1    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    107.1         109.4         109.0    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       85            78            81    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers...........................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons...................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons..............  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2017 and 2018.......  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2017 and 2018...........  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons...........  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.........  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2018 with Comparisons....  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2018 with Comparisons.........  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons............. 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.......... 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons........... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.......... 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.................. 11
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons............ 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons........ 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons........... 12
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons......... 14
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.................. 13
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.............. 14
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons............. 14
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.... 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons............. 15
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons................ 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.............. 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: November 2018 
   with Comparisons.................................................................................. 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: November 2018 
   with Comparisons.................................................................................. 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons........... 17
Prices Received for Apples - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons................ 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: November 2017........... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: October 2018............ 19
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: November 2018........... 20
Prices Received for Hops - States and United States: 2016 - 2018..................................... 20
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.............. 21
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: October 2018 with Comparisons.............. 21
Parity Price Overview................................................................................ 22
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: November 2018 
   with Comparisons.................................................................................. 23
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.............................. 24
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates............................................................. 26
Prices Paid by Farmers............................................................................... 27
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons........ 28
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   November 2018 with Comparisons.................................................................... 29
Feed Price Ratios - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.................................... 30
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons.. 30
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons..................... 30
Prices Paid by Farmers and Ranchers for Beef Cattle Production....................................... 31
Prices Paid Index for Beef Cattle Production, 1964-1968 Base - United States: 2016 through 2018...... 31
Prices Received for Beef Cattle - Selected Regions: 2016 through 2018................................ 31
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates................................................................. 32
Information Contacts................................................................................. 33

November Prices Received by Farmers

The November Prices Received Index for agricultural production is 
88.1 percent of its 2011 base, up 3.5 percent from the October 2018 index but 
down 3.6 percent from the November 2017 index.

Crop production: The November index, at 84.1, is 5.0 percent higher than 
October and 2.7 percent higher than November 2017. The vegetable & melon 
along with fruit & tree nut index increases more than offset the grain & 
oilseed and other crop index decreases.

Grain and oilseed: The November index, at 62.2, is down 3.9 percent from 
October but up 0.8 percent from November 2017. The oilseed index decrease 
more than offset the food grain index increase.

Feed grain: The November index, at 57.0, is unchanged from last month but 
increased 8.0 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.41 per bushel, 
is unchanged from last month but up 26 cents from November 2017. At $5.54 per 
cwt, sorghum grain is 17 cents below October but 16 cents above last 
November.

Food grain: At 76.5, the index for November is up 2.0 percent from the 
previous month and 1.7 percent from a year ago. The November price for all 
wheat, at $5.23 per bushel, is 1 cent higher than October and 51 cents higher 
than November 2017.

Oilseed: At 67.1, the index for November decreased 2.5 percent from October 
and 8.8 percent from November 2017. The soybean price, at $8.37 per bushel, 
is 21 cents lower than October and 85 cents lower than November a year 
earlier.

Fruit and tree nut: The November index, at 129.9, is up 0.1 percent from 
October but down 3.1 percent from a year earlier. Price increase for 
strawberries more than offset decreases during November for lemons, apples, 
and grapes.

Vegetable and melon: At 142.9, the index for November increased 47 percent 
from the previous month and 32 percent from November 2017. Price increases 
during November for lettuce, cauliflower, and tomatoes more than offset price 
declines for cucumbers and carrots.

Other crop: The November index, at 89.5, is down 2.8 percent from the 
previous month but up 9.4 percent from November 2017. The all hay price, at 
$161.00 per ton, is $1.00 lower than October but $23.00 higher than November 
2017. At 73.0 cents per pound, the price for upland cotton is 0.7 cents 
higher than October and 5.7 cents higher than November 2017.

Livestock production: The index for November, at 92.1, increased 0.9 percent 
from the previous month but decreased 9.5 percent from November last year. 
Prices for cattle, market eggs, milk, hogs, broilers, calves, turkeys, and 
lambs are all lower than a year earlier.

Meat animal: At 93.1, the November index was unchanged from the previous 
month but decreased 6.6 percent from a year earlier. At $46.20 per cwt, the 
November hog price is $4.10 lower than October and $3.80 lower than a year 
earlier. The November beef cattle price of $113.00 per cwt is $3.00 higher 
than the previous month but $6.00 lower than November 2017.

Dairy: The index for November, at 84.6, is down 2.3 percent from the previous 
month and 6.5 percent from November a year ago. The November all milk price 
of $17.00 per cwt is 40 cents lower than October and $1.20 lower than 
November 2017. 

Poultry and egg: At 103.8, the November index increased 8.5 percent from 
October but decreased 9.4 percent from November 2017. The November market egg 
price, at 94.9 cents per dozen, is 25.4 cents higher than October but 
28.1 cents lower than November 2017. The November broiler price, at 
48.0 cents per pound, is 2.0 cents higher than October but 1.0 cent lower 
than a year ago. At 53.0 cents per pound, the November turkey price is 
1.9 cents higher than the previous month but 4.7 cents lower than November 
2017.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : November  :  October  : November  
           Index Group          :   2017    :   2018    :   2018    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    91.4        85.1        88.1   
  Crop production ..............:    81.9        80.1        84.1   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    61.7        64.7        62.2   
      Feed grain ...............:    52.8        57.0        57.0   
      Food grain ...............:    75.2        75.0        76.5   
      Oilseed ..................:    73.6        68.8        67.1   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   134.1       129.8       129.9   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   108.2        97.5       142.9   
    Other crop .................:    81.8        92.1        89.5   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:   101.8        91.3        92.1   
    Meat animal ................:    99.7        93.1        93.1   
      Cattle ...................:   106.2        98.4       100.4   
      Hog ......................:    75.2        75.6        69.5   
    Dairy ......................:    90.5        86.6        84.6   
    Poultry and egg ............:   114.6        95.7       103.8   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:   100.7        88.8        93.8   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States:
November 2018 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : November  :  October  : November  
           Index Group          :   2017    :   2018    :   2018    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    943         878         909    
  Crop production ..............:    714         699         734    
  Livestock production .........:   1182        1060        1069    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2017 and 2018
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available
at www.nass.usda.gov]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent      -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 86.0    86.1    77.3    78.6     96.5   94.5     93.4    92.8 
February ......: 91.1    91.1    85.1    86.9     96.0   94.2     96.3    95.5 
March .........: 94.3    95.1    86.1    88.0    100.5   99.8    100.0   100.0 
April .........: 96.2    92.9    91.7    88.4     99.5   95.8    101.4    96.2 
May ...........: 99.7    94.8    90.0    89.1    106.8   98.3    105.8    98.2 
June ..........: 98.2    95.1    87.1    90.3    107.2   98.5    104.2    98.9 
July ..........: 95.5    91.5    86.8    86.9    103.9   95.4    100.9    94.9 
August ........: 94.1    89.5    88.8    89.9     98.5   89.3     99.0    92.0 
September .....: 92.5    88.2    89.9    88.1     94.8   88.3     97.3    90.6 
October .......: 87.8    85.1    82.7    80.1     94.3   91.3     93.7    88.8 
November ......: 91.4    88.1    81.9    84.1    101.8   92.1    100.7    93.8 
December ......: 92.1            84.7             99.6            99.5         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2017 and 2018
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available
at www.nass.usda.gov]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  : 2017  : 2018  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 106.0   108.2   103.8   105.4   107.8   109.5   104.1   106.8 
February ......: 106.5   109.0   104.4   106.3   108.4   109.7   104.4   108.1 
March .........: 106.6   109.0   104.6   106.3   108.4   109.9   104.8   108.0 
April .........: 106.8   108.7   104.9   106.1   108.5   109.7   105.1   107.5 
May ...........: 106.8   109.0   104.9   106.5   108.2   110.0   105.4   108.0 
June ..........: 106.7   108.7   104.7   106.1   108.2   110.0   105.1   107.3 
July ..........: 106.5   108.8   104.5   105.7   107.9   110.4   105.0   107.1 
August ........: 105.7   109.1   103.4   106.1   107.6   110.6   103.8   107.3 
September .....: 106.1   108.9   103.8   105.8   107.8   110.6   104.4   107.0 
October .......: 106.8   109.4   104.6   106.2   108.0   111.0   105.6   107.5 
November ......: 107.1   109.0   105.0   105.8   108.3   110.7   105.9   107.0 
December ......: 107.4           105.4           108.5           106.2         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :November 2017 : October 2018 :November 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Austrian winter peas .........dollars/cwt:     19.50             (D)            (D)            (D)   
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.60           4.27           4.78   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            2.80           2.97           3.28   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.81           4.47           4.87   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           27.30          25.90          25.90   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           17.20          15.60          16.00   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           27.40          21.10          21.10   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           35.80          20.40          20.00   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           21.70          21.40          21.60   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            3.15           3.41           3.41   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.673          0.723          0.730   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00          144.00         146.00         152.00   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20            9.21           9.79           9.76   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          138.00         162.00         161.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          150.00         178.00         175.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          118.00         132.00         137.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           26.90          22.30          18.20   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            2.68           2.68           2.72   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.227          0.221          0.212   
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60           12.20          11.10           9.65   
                                          :                                                           
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           13.30          11.90          12.20   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           11.20          10.90          10.90   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           17.60          15.60          15.40   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            5.38           5.71           5.54   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            9.22           8.58           8.37   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           16.60          16.70          17.00   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            4.72           5.22           5.23   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            4.07           5.21           5.20   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            6.55           4.91           4.72   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            5.78           5.26           5.33   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            3.84           5.06           4.99   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            4.31           5.10           5.01   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            5.89           5.25           5.33   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            4.58           5.39           5.48   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47           19.88          20.36          18.84   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30           28.32          40.97          32.73   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16           16.47          19.02          15.71   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh                        :                                                           
  Apples 1/ .................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.399          0.416          0.404   
  Grapes 1/ ...................dollars/ton:    628.00        1,540.00       1,080.00       1,030.00   
  Peaches 1/ ..................dollars/ton:    507.00             (S)            (S)            (S)   
  Pears 1/ ....................dollars/ton:    559.00          832.00         663.00         616.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00          164.00          67.30          99.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                      
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                          
1/  Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York (apples only),            
    Pennsylvania (apples only), and Washington (apples, peaches, and pears). Prices as sold for other 
    states.                                                                                           

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: November 2018 with Comparisons
[Price data source for potato, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :November 2017 : October 2018 :November 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50          (NA)            (NA)           (S)    
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00         72.30             (S)         99.00    
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60         54.80           56.50         70.70    
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50         29.60           27.60         35.00    
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80         31.30           26.60         26.50    
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00         73.20           46.40         95.50    
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50         29.60           20.20         30.50    
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70         54.70           30.50         45.80    
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70         34.50           42.60         37.50    
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30         23.00           28.60         76.70    
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90         15.60           11.20         11.30    
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30         11.22            8.65          9.22    
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20         62.40           39.60         55.50    
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00        177.00          174.00        169.00    
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00        119.00          110.00        113.00    
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60         63.40           57.80         52.70    
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00        121.00          112.00        115.00    
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00          (NA)        1,230.00          (NA)    
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50         50.00           50.30         46.20    
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80         50.20           50.80         46.30    
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90         44.60           35.20         43.30    
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10         18.20           17.40         17.00    
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71          3.97            3.95          4.02    
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459         0.490           0.460         0.480    
 Eggs, all 7/ ...............dollars/dozen:      0.969          1.38           0.918          1.14    
  Market 7/ 8/ ..............dollars/dozen:      0.796          1.23           0.695         0.949    
 Turkeys, live 9/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680         0.577           0.511         0.530    
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979          1.09            1.05         0.899    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101           126              87           127    
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20         17.00           16.30         15.90    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100           107             107           107    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Point of first sale.                                                                             
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Mid-month price.                                                                                 
8/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
9/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2018 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.82        4.01        4.65        3.66        3.40        3.29         8.71       9.71        9.30    
February ...:   4.61        4.16        4.92        3.58        3.44        3.38         8.51       9.86        9.50    
March ......:   4.40        4.37        5.10        3.56        3.49        3.51         8.56       9.69        9.81    
April ......:   4.46        4.16        5.28        3.56        3.43        3.58         9.01       9.33        9.85    
May ........:   4.45        4.05        5.39        3.68        3.45        3.68         9.76       9.29        9.84    
June .......:   4.20        4.37        5.17        3.82        3.43        3.58        10.20       9.10        9.55    
July .......:   3.75        4.77        5.00        3.60        3.49        3.47        10.20       9.42        9.08    
August .....:   3.68        4.84        5.30        3.21        3.27        3.36         9.93       9.24        8.59    
September ..:   3.48        4.65        5.15        3.22        3.27        3.39         9.41       9.35        8.77    
October ....:   3.68        4.64        5.22        3.29        3.26        3.41         9.30       9.18        8.58    
November ...:   3.88        4.72        5.23        3.24        3.15        3.41         9.47       9.22        8.37    
December ...:   3.90        4.50                    3.32        3.23                     9.64       9.30                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2018
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  130.00      117.00      120.00       43.60       48.10       52.50   
February .:  132.00      119.00      125.00       49.60       54.40       54.60   
March ....:  135.00      125.00      125.00       50.00       53.00       50.00   
April ....:  131.00      128.00      119.00       51.00       48.40       45.30   
May ......:  128.00      136.00      120.00       57.20       53.60       51.50   
June .....:  125.00      132.00      112.00       60.60       62.10       59.10   
July .....:  119.00      120.00      110.00       59.40       67.30       58.60   
August ...:  117.00      114.00      110.00       52.60       61.50       44.30   
September :  108.00      105.00      108.00       47.80       48.90       43.20   
October ..:  101.00      109.00      110.00       41.70       47.30       50.30   
November .:  104.00      119.00      113.00       39.00       50.00       46.20   
December .:  111.00      118.00                   43.10       48.60               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
California .........:        4.30                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        3.18                4.54                4.51       
Idaho ..............:        4.66                5.21                5.25       
Illinois ...........:        4.44                4.81                5.00       
Indiana ............:        4.48                4.40                5.19       
Kansas .............:        3.45                4.81                4.71       
Michigan ...........:        4.08                4.96                4.92       
Minnesota ..........:        5.52                4.89                5.19       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        4.52                4.91                5.13       
Montana ............:        5.42                5.30                5.18       
Nebraska ...........:        3.48                5.34                4.47       
North Carolina .....:        4.23                5.39                4.97       
North Dakota .......:        5.90                5.03                5.05       
Ohio ...............:        4.51                5.21                5.06       
Oklahoma ...........:        3.32                4.94                4.67       
Oregon .............:        5.02                5.90                5.80       
South Dakota .......:        5.55                5.16                4.83       
Texas ..............:        3.87                5.90                5.05       
Washington .........:        4.84                5.38                5.68       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.72                5.22                5.23       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
California .........:        4.30                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        3.18                4.54                4.51       
Idaho ..............:        4.33                5.15                5.16       
Illinois ...........:        4.44                4.81                5.00       
Indiana ............:        4.48                4.40                5.19       
Kansas .............:        3.45                4.81                4.71       
Michigan ...........:        4.08                4.96                4.92       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Missouri ...........:        4.52                4.91                5.13       
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        4.78                5.20                4.86       
Nebraska ...........:        3.48                5.34                4.47       
North Carolina .....:        4.23                5.39                4.97       
North Dakota .......:        3.74                4.37                4.40       
Ohio ...............:        4.51                5.21                5.06       
Oklahoma ...........:        3.32                4.94                4.67       
Oregon .............:        4.92                5.86                5.76       
South Dakota .......:        4.74                5.13                4.60       
Texas ..............:        3.87                5.90                5.05       
Washington .........:        4.74                5.30                5.62       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.07                5.21                5.20       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)                5.44                4.98       
North Dakota .......:        6.39                4.72                4.66       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        6.55                4.91                4.72       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        5.19                5.36                5.48       
Minnesota ..........:        5.52                4.89                5.19       
Montana ............:        6.27                5.42                5.61       
North Dakota .......:        5.87                5.09                5.12       
Oregon .............:        5.66                6.07                5.98       
South Dakota .......:        6.08                5.18                5.14       
Washington .........:        5.46                5.72                5.94       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.78                5.26                5.33       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Iowa ...............:        3.16                2.99                3.61       
Michigan ...........:        3.22                3.44                3.59       
Minnesota ..........:        2.16                2.48                2.61       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                3.06                 (D)       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:         (D)                2.19                2.35       
Oregon .............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        3.87                4.29                 (D)       
South Dakota .......:        2.33                2.56                2.62       
Texas ..............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        2.99                2.74                3.09       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.68                2.68                2.72       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:        4.69                 (D)                4.65       
Idaho ..............:        5.16                4.56                5.10       
Minnesota ..........:        4.43                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.27                4.17                4.94       
North Dakota .......:        4.22                4.14                4.40       
Washington .........:         (D)                3.88                3.04       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.60                4.27                4.78       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        3.00                2.92                3.30       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        2.67                3.46                4.10       
North Dakota .......:        2.77                2.72                3.30       
Washington .........:         (D)                3.14                3.04       
Wyoming ............:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.80                2.97                3.28       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:        4.75                4.68                4.65       
Idaho ..............:        5.33                4.82                5.19       
Minnesota ..........:        4.43                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.38                4.29                4.96       
North Dakota .......:        4.56                4.38                4.49       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.81                4.47                4.87       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :  November 2017   :   October 2018   :  November 2018   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Alabama ................:        4.06               4.02               3.96      
Alaska .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Arizona ................:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Arkansas ...............:        3.27               3.58               3.68      
California .............:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Colorado ...............:        3.24               3.67               3.65      
Connecticut ............:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Delaware ...............:         (D)                (S)                (D)      
Florida ................:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Georgia ................:        4.23               4.18               4.47      
                        :                                                        
Hawaii .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Idaho ..................:         (D)               4.38               4.47      
Illinois ...............:        3.17               3.43               3.44      
Indiana ................:        3.32               3.44               3.49      
Iowa ...................:        3.14               3.39               3.40      
Kansas .................:        3.14               3.52               3.48      
Kentucky ...............:        3.37               3.58               3.66      
Louisiana ..............:        3.57               3.73               3.80      
Maine ..................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Maryland ...............:        3.50               3.73               3.52      
                        :                                                        
Massachusetts ..........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Michigan ...............:        3.24               3.50               3.34      
Minnesota ..............:        2.92               3.22               3.26      
Mississippi ............:        3.47               3.71                (D)      
Missouri ...............:        3.17               3.46               3.54      
Montana ................:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Nebraska ...............:        3.20               3.41               3.45      
Nevada .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
New Hampshire ..........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
New Jersey .............:         (S)                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
New Mexico .............:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
New York ...............:        3.78               4.04               3.93      
North Carolina .........:        3.97               4.22               4.57      
North Dakota ...........:        2.77               3.18               3.14      
Ohio ...................:        3.37               3.47               3.48      
Oklahoma ...............:        3.53               3.78               3.94      
Oregon .................:         (D)                (D)                (S)      
Pennsylvania ...........:        3.74               3.85               3.87      
Rhode Island ...........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
South Carolina .........:        4.32               4.41                (D)      
                        :                                                        
South Dakota ...........:        2.85               3.18               3.18      
Tennessee ..............:        3.42               3.52               3.80      
Texas ..................:        3.81               4.15               4.11      
Utah ...................:        3.58                (D)                (D)      
Vermont ................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Virginia ...............:        4.04               3.79               4.09      
Washington .............:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
West Virginia ..........:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Wisconsin ..............:        3.12               3.38               3.35      
Wyoming ................:         (D)                (D)               3.59      
                        :                                                        
United States 1/ .......:        3.15               3.41               3.41      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                 
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                     
1/  United States price includes Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,      
    Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North     
    Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin.   

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Kansas .............:        5.39                5.46                5.47       
Louisiana ..........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Missouri ...........:        5.09                 (D)                5.83       
Nebraska ...........:        4.70                5.59                5.38       
Oklahoma ...........:        5.54                5.89                5.88       
Texas ..............:        5.64                6.88                6.21       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.38                5.71                5.54       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                8.61               8.80        
Illinois ...........:        9.50                8.87               8.72        
Indiana ............:        9.41                8.64               8.58        
Iowa ...............:        9.21                8.71               8.49        
Kansas .............:        8.90                7.92               7.81        
Kentucky ...........:        9.49                8.73               8.67        
Louisiana ..........:        9.72                8.79               8.82        
Michigan ...........:        9.22                8.73               8.37        
Minnesota ..........:        9.07                8.59               8.35        
Mississippi ........:        9.75                 (D)               8.80        
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        9.27                8.60               8.48        
Nebraska ...........:        8.83                8.33               8.00        
North Carolina .....:        9.35                8.86               8.58        
North Dakota .......:        8.80                8.35               8.03        
Ohio ...............:        9.44                8.65               8.67        
South Dakota .......:        8.81                7.98               7.90        
Tennessee ..........:        9.66                8.77               8.70        
Wisconsin ..........:        9.40                8.70               8.28        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        9.22                8.58               8.37        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:       57.80                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)               46.90               27.20       
Idaho ..............:       29.30               22.30               22.90       
Michigan ...........:       28.50               28.50               25.80       
Minnesota ..........:       27.80               32.30               27.70       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       24.30               23.70               23.60       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       27.30               25.90               25.90       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States:
November 2018 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:       0.217               0.220               0.209       
Arkansas ...........:       0.210               0.196               0.198       
Florida ............:       0.234               0.218               0.219       
Georgia ............:       0.210               0.208               0.172       
Mississippi ........:       0.181               0.208               0.201       
New Mexico .........:       0.261               0.236               0.334       
North Carolina .....:       0.238               0.240               0.238       
Oklahoma ...........:       0.256               0.243               0.237       
South Carolina .....:       0.217               0.216               0.208       
Texas ..............:       0.304               0.265               0.266       
Virginia ...........:       0.241               0.222               0.212       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       0.227               0.221               0.212       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: November 2018
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   November 2017   :   October 2018    :   November 2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas ............

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