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USDA - NASS: Agricultural Prices (2020-01-31)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 31, 2020


Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released January 31, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

December Prices Received Index Up 0.8 Percent 

The December Prices Received Index 2011 Base (Agricultural Production), at 
89.5, increased 0.8 percent from November but decreased 0.8 percent from 
December 2018. At 83.3, the Crop Production Index was up 0.8 percent from 
last month but down 5.0 percent from the previous year. The Livestock 
Production Index, at 97.0, was unchanged from November, but increased 
5.0 percent from December last year. Producers received higher prices during 
December for broilers, cattle, tomatoes, and strawberries but lower prices 
for market eggs, lettuce, oranges, and milk. In addition to prices, the 
indexes are influenced by the volume change of commodities that producers 
market. In December, there was increased monthly movement for oranges, milk, 
broilers, and cotton and decreased marketing of corn, grapes, soybeans, and 
calves. 

December Prices Paid Index Up 0.1 Percent 

The December Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 110.5, is up 0.1 percent from November 2019 
and 0.4 percent from December 2018. Higher prices for self-propelled 
machinery, feeder pigs, complete feeds, and concentrates more than offset 
lower prices in December for nitrogen, feeder cattle, LP gas, and other 
services.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :  December   :  November   :  December   
                Index Group               :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     90.2          88.8          89.5    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    110.1         110.4         110.5    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       82            81            80    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers...................................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons...........................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons......................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2018 and 2019...............  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2018 and 2019...................  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons...................  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.................  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons............  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons.................  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons..................... 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.................. 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons................... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.................. 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.......................... 11
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.................... 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons................ 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons................... 12
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.......................... 13
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons................. 14
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons...................... 14
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons..................... 14
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons............ 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons..................... 15
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons........................ 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons...................... 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: December 2019 
   with Comparisons.......................................................................................... 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: December 2019 
   with Comparisons.......................................................................................... 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons................... 17
Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total: December 2019................ 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: December 2018................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: November 2019................... 19
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: December 2019................... 20
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: December 2019 with Comparisons...................... 21
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: October 2020 with Comparisons...................... 21
Parity Price Overview........................................................................................ 22
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: December 2019 
   with Comparisons.......................................................................................... 23
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons...................................... 24
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons (continued).......................... 25
Marketing Year for Specified Commodities..................................................................... 26
Rice Market Year Average Prices Received by All and Length of Grain - States and United States: Marketing 
   Years 2016 through 2018................................................................................... 27
All Rice Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 
   through 2019-2020......................................................................................... 28
Long Grain Rice Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2017-2018 
   through 2019-2020......................................................................................... 28
Medium and Short Grain Rice Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month - United States: Marketing 
   Years 2017-2018 through 2019-2020......................................................................... 29
Medium and Short Grain Rice Prices Received by Month - California and Other States: Marketing Years 
   2018-2019 through 2019-2020............................................................................... 29
Prices Received Indexes as a Percent of 2011 Base, Monthly and Annual Average - United States: 2015-2019..... 30
 
Prices Received Indexes as a Percent of 1910-1914 Base, Monthly and Annual Average - United States: 
   2015-2019 ................................................................................................ 32
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates..................................................................... 33
Prices Paid by Farmers....................................................................................... 34
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons................ 35
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   December 2019 with Comparisons............................................................................ 36
Feed Price Ratios - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons............................................ 37
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons.......... 37
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons............................. 37
Annual Average Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: 2014-2019................................... 38
Grazing Fee Rates for Cattle - States, Regions, and United States: 2018 and 2019............................. 38
Prices Paid Indexes as a Percent of 2011 Base, Monthly and Annual Average - United States: 2015-2019......... 39
Prices Paid Index Sub-Components as a Percent of 2011 Base, Monthly and Annual Average - 
   United States: 2015-2019.................................................................................. 42
Prices Paid Indexes as a Percent of 1910-1914 Base, Monthly and Annual Average - United States: 
   2015-2019 ................................................................................................ 46
Feed Ratios Monthly and Annual Average - United States: 2015-2019............................................ 49
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates......................................................................... 50
Information Contacts......................................................................................... 51
 
December Prices Received by Farmers

Crop production: The December index, at 83.3, is 0.8 percent higher than 
November but 5.0 percent lower than December 2018. The grain & oilseed index 
and other crop index increases more than offset the fruit & tree nut index 
and vegetable & melon index decreases.

Grain and oilseed: The December index, at 65.6, is up 1.5 percent from 
November and 1.5 percent from December 2018. Oilseed, feed grain, and food 
grain indexes all showed an increase from previous month.

Feed grain: The December index, at 61.7, increased 0.8 percent from last 
month and 4.2 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.71 per bushel, 
is up 3 cents from last month and 17 cents from December 2018. 

Food grain: At 71.9, the index for December increased 0.3 percent from the 
previous month but decreased 6.5 percent from a year ago. The December price 
for all wheat, at $4.64 per bushel, is 25 cents higher than November but 
64 cents lower than December 2018. The December price for rice, at $12.50 per 
cwt, is 40 cents lower than November and 20 cents lower than December 2018.

Oilseed: At 69.6, the index for December increased 1.3 percent from November 
and 1.5 percent from December 2018. The soybean price, at $8.70 per bushel, 
is up 11 cents from November and 14 cents from December last year.

Fruit and tree nut: The December index, at 120.9, is down 6.4 percent from 
November and 3.8 percent from a year earlier. Price decreases during December 
for oranges, lemons, and grapefruit more than offset price increases for 
strawberries.

Vegetable and melon: At 132.5, the index for December decreased 6.1 percent 
from the previous month and 13.1 percent from December 2018. Price declines 
during December for lettuce, cauliflower, broccoli, and celery more than 
offset price increases for tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, and carrots.

Other crop: The December index, at 81.8, is up 0.9 percent from the previous 
month but down 9.6 percent from December 2018. The all hay price, at $158.00 
per ton, is $2.00 lower than November and $8.00 lower than December 2018. At 
61.5 cents per pound, the price for upland cotton is 1.8 cents higher than 
November but 11.1 cents lower than December 2018.

Livestock production: The index for December, at 97.0, was unchanged from the 
previous month but increased 5.0 percent from December a year earlier. 
Compared with a year ago, prices are higher for milk, hogs, turkeys, and 
cattle while prices for broilers, market eggs, and calves are lower than a 
year earlier.

Meat animal: At 94.3, the December index increased 1.8 percent from the 
previous month and 1.3 percent from a year earlier. At $47.30 per cwt, the 
December hog price is 70 cents lower than November but $3.90 higher than a 
year earlier. The December beef cattle price of $118.00 per cwt is $5.00 
higher than the previous month and $1.00 higher than December 2018.

Dairy: The index for December, at 103.0, is down 1.4 percent from the 
previous month but up 24.7 percent from December a year ago. The December all 
milk price of $20.70 per cwt is 30 cents lower than November but $4.10 higher 
than December 2018. 

Poultry and egg: At 96.8, the December index decreased 2.9 percent from 
November and 11.0 percent from December 2018. The December market egg price, 
at 71.4 cents per dozen, is 40.6 cents lower than November and 26.6 cents 
lower than December 2018. The December broiler price, at 45.0 cents per 
pound, is 4.7 cents higher than November but 6.0 cents lower than a year ago. 
At 62.4 cents per pound, the December turkey price is 4.7 cents lower than 
the previous month but 12.6 cents higher than December 2018.

Food Commodities: The index, at 95.7, decreased 0.8 percent from the previous 
month but increased 1.2 percent from December 2018.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : December  : November  : December  
           Index Group          :   2018    :   2019    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    90.2        88.8        89.5   
  Crop production ..............:    87.7        82.6        83.3   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    64.6        64.6        65.6   
      Feed grain ...............:    59.2        61.2        61.7   
      Food grain ...............:    76.9        71.7        71.9   
      Oilseed ..................:    68.6        68.7        69.6   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   125.7       129.1       120.9   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   152.4       141.1       132.5   
    Other crop .................:    90.5        81.1        81.8   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:    92.4        97.0        97.0   
    Meat animal ................:    93.1        92.6        94.3   
      Cattle ...................:   102.8        99.7       103.3   
      Hog ......................:    65.3        72.2        71.1   
    Dairy ......................:    82.6       104.5       103.0   
    Poultry and egg ............:   108.8        99.7        96.8   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    94.6        96.5        95.7   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States:
December 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : December  : November  : December  
           Index Group          :   2018    :   2019    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    931         916         923    
  Crop production ..............:    765         721         726    
  Livestock production .........:   1073        1126        1126    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2018 and 2019
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available
at www.nass.usda.gov]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent      -- percent --      percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 86.0    85.2    78.6    77.3    94.4     97.2   92.7    92.4  
February ......: 90.9    89.3    86.8    83.6    93.9     94.7   95.2    93.8  
March .........: 94.9    91.9    87.9    85.7    99.5     97.5   99.7    97.2  
April .........: 92.8    92.9    88.3    84.6    95.7    100.1   96.1    97.5  
May ...........: 94.7    91.9    89.0    83.9    98.3     98.8   98.1    96.0  
June ..........: 95.1    92.5    90.3    87.8    98.5     97.0   98.9    95.8  
July ..........: 91.7    89.9    86.9    86.7    95.6     93.5   95.0    92.0  
August ........: 89.7    90.6    89.7    87.4    89.7     93.7   92.1    93.6  
September .....: 88.4    87.0    88.1    86.7    88.7     87.3   90.9    89.3  
October .......: 85.2    84.7    80.2    81.2    91.4     90.3   88.9    88.4  
November ......: 88.5    88.8    84.2    82.6    92.7     97.0   94.2    96.5  
December ......: 90.2    89.5    87.7    83.3    92.4     97.0   94.6    95.7  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2018 and 2019
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available
at www.nass.usda.gov]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 108.2   110.9   105.4   107.7   109.5   112.2   106.8   109.5 
February ......: 108.9   111.0   106.3   107.8   109.7   112.4   108.0   109.6 
March .........: 108.9   111.1   106.3   107.8   109.8   112.2   107.9   110.0 
April .........: 108.6   111.7   106.1   108.6   109.5   112.2   107.6   111.1 
May ...........: 109.1   111.1   106.6   107.8   109.8   112.1   108.2   110.0 
June ..........: 108.9   110.6   106.3   107.1   109.9   112.1   107.7   108.9 
July ..........: 109.0   110.7   106.0   107.1   110.3   112.3   107.6   109.0 
August ........: 109.2   109.9   106.2   105.9   110.4   111.5   107.8   108.1 
September .....: 109.2   109.6   106.2   105.5   110.4   111.2   107.7   107.8 
October .......: 109.8   110.1   106.8   106.1   110.8   111.4   108.5   108.7 
November ......: 109.8   110.4   107.0   106.5   111.3   111.5   108.2   109.1 
December ......: 110.1   110.5   107.3   106.7   111.3   111.6   108.7   109.4 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :December 2018 :November 2019 :December 2019 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.64           4.74           4.51   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            3.06           2.81           3.32   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.78           4.84           4.82   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           24.70          28.80          32.00   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           16.30          14.40          14.40   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           21.10          16.50          14.80   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           20.30          15.40          17.40   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           21.50          17.90          13.10   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            3.54           3.68           3.71   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.726          0.597          0.615   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00          161.00         163.00         164.00   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20            9.87           8.68           8.91   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          166.00         160.00         158.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          179.00         173.00         175.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          146.00         137.00         133.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           16.30          14.90          14.80   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            2.67           2.95           3.19   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.205          0.192          0.196   
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60           10.50           9.52          10.10   
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           12.70          12.90          12.50   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           10.80          11.60          11.70   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           18.10          16.00          15.70   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            5.68           5.64           5.64   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            8.56           8.59           8.70   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           16.90          17.90          17.60   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            5.28           4.39           4.64   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            5.24           4.36           4.57   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            4.83           4.15           4.44   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            5.36           4.52           4.79   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            5.10           4.03           4.23   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            5.21           5.29           5.43   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            5.36           4.47           4.76   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            5.42           5.42           5.40   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47           18.68          15.86          12.81   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30           26.23          29.70          22.43   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16           10.46          15.18          10.20   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh                        :                                                           
  Apples  ...................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.401          0.333          0.336   
  Grapes  .....................dollars/ton:    628.00        1,140.00       1,500.00       2,090.00   
  Peaches  ....................dollars/ton:    507.00             (S)            (S)            (S)   
  Pears  ......................dollars/ton:    559.00          614.00         678.00         721.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00             (S)         115.00            (S)   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                          

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: December 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source for potato, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :December 2018 :November 2019 :December 2019 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50           (S)            (S)            (S)    
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00         62.80          99.10          89.30    
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60         85.50          57.50          38.10    
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50         39.00          24.30            (S)    
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80         26.40          29.70          29.90    
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00         74.80          92.20          41.90    
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50         46.60          35.60          27.40    
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70         31.70          34.30          30.50    
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70         36.70          31.10          41.50    
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30         74.80          65.30          49.00    
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90         10.90          10.90          11.20    
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30          9.37          13.90          13.90    
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20         57.20          54.40         112.00    
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00        166.00         158.00         159.00    
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00        117.00         113.00         118.00    
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60         51.80          57.70          59.30    
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00        119.00         115.00         120.00    
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00          (NA)           (NA)           (NA)    
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50         43.40          48.00          47.30    
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80         43.60          48.20          47.70    
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90         38.00          41.90          33.40    
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10         16.60          21.00          20.70    
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71          4.04           4.06           4.05    
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459         0.510          0.403          0.450    
 Eggs, all 7/ ...............dollars/dozen:      0.969          1.17           1.29          0.931    
  Market 7/ 8/ ..............dollars/dozen:      0.796         0.980           1.12          0.714    
 Turkeys, live 9/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680         0.498          0.671          0.624    
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979         0.965          0.978          0.767    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101           121            132            121    
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20         16.10          19.80          20.10    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100           103            106            103    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Point of first sale.                                                                             
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Mid-month price.                                                                                 
8/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
9/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.01        4.65        5.28        3.40        3.29        3.56        9.71        9.30        8.64    
February ...:   4.16        4.92        5.33        3.44        3.38        3.60        9.86        9.50        8.52    
March ......:   4.37        5.10        5.19        3.49        3.51        3.61        9.69        9.81        8.52    
April ......:   4.16        5.28        4.93        3.43        3.58        3.53        9.33        9.85        8.28    
May ........:   4.05        5.39        4.78        3.45        3.68        3.63        9.29        9.84        8.02    
June .......:   4.37        5.19        4.81        3.43        3.58        3.98        9.10        9.55        8.31    
July .......:   4.77        5.00        4.52        3.49        3.47        4.16        9.42        9.08        8.38    
August .....:   4.84        5.31        4.35        3.27        3.36        3.93        9.24        8.59        8.22    
September ..:   4.65        5.15        4.26        3.27        3.40        3.80        9.35        8.78        8.35    
October ....:   4.64        5.22        4.45        3.26        3.42        3.84        9.18        8.59        8.60    
November ...:   4.72        5.23        4.39        3.15        3.41        3.68        9.22        8.36        8.59    
December ...:   4.50        5.28        4.64        3.23        3.54        3.71        9.30        8.56        8.70    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2019
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  117.00      120.00      121.00       48.10       52.50       44.60   
February .:  119.00      125.00      123.00       54.40       54.60       43.40   
March ....:  125.00      125.00      126.00       53.00       50.00       46.50   
April ....:  128.00      119.00      125.00       48.40       45.30       59.40   
May ......:  136.00      120.00      120.00       53.60       51.50       62.30   
June .....:  132.00      112.00      114.00       62.10       59.10       59.50   
July .....:  120.00      110.00      112.00       67.30       58.60       56.60   
August ...:  114.00      110.00      111.00       61.50       44.30       58.50   
September :  105.00      108.00      103.00       48.90       43.20       47.70   
October ..:  109.00      110.00      107.00       47.30       50.30       49.10   
November .:  119.00      113.00      113.00       50.00       46.20       48.00   
December .:  118.00      117.00      118.00       48.60       43.40       47.30   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.74                3.65                3.98       
Idaho ..............:        5.34                5.04                5.02       
Illinois ...........:        5.01                5.41                5.63       
Indiana ............:        5.37                5.27                5.26       
Kansas .............:        4.75                3.83                4.07       
Michigan ...........:        5.16                5.18                5.24       
Minnesota ..........:        5.61                4.41                4.62       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        5.06                5.32                5.42       
Montana ............:        5.36                4.56                4.75       
Nebraska ...........:        4.44                3.70                3.92       
North Carolina .....:        5.54                5.42                5.52       
North Dakota .......:        5.22                4.15                4.50       
Ohio ...............:        5.10                5.29                5.53       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.71                4.05                4.27       
Oregon .............:        5.81                5.66                5.83       
South Dakota .......:        5.19                4.41                4.72       
Texas ..............:        5.06                3.84                4.52       
Washington .........:        5.56                5.49                5.51       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.28                4.39                4.64       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                  (D)                 (S)      
California .........:         (D)                  (D)                 (D)      
Colorado ...........:        4.74                 3.65                3.98      
Idaho ..............:        5.27                 5.04                4.96      
Illinois ...........:        5.01                 5.41                5.63      
Indiana ............:        5.37                 5.27                5.26      
Kansas .............:        4.75                 3.83                4.07      
Michigan ...........:        5.16                 5.18                5.24      
Minnesota 1/ .......:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Missouri ...........:        5.06                 5.32                5.42      
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        5.36                 4.40                4.54      
Nebraska ...........:        4.44                 3.70                3.92      
North Carolina .....:        5.54                 5.42                5.52      
North Dakota .......:        3.88                 3.68                3.09      
Ohio ...............:        5.10                 5.29                5.53      
Oklahoma ...........:        4.71                 4.05                4.27      
Oregon .............:        5.78                 5.66                5.83      
South Dakota .......:        5.02                 4.20                4.51      
Texas ..............:        5.06                 3.84                4.52      
Washington .........:        5.52                 5.46                5.41      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.24                 4.36                4.57      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Montana ............:        5.31                4.50                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        4.67                3.81                4.06       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.83                4.15                4.44       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado 1/ ........:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Idaho ..............:        5.46                 5.05                5.15      
Minnesota ..........:        5.61                 4.41                4.62      
Montana ............:        5.36                 4.75                5.01      
North Dakota .......:        5.27                 4.25                4.58      
Oregon 1/ ..........:        5.97                 (NA)                (NA)      
South Dakota .......:        5.27                 4.66                4.84      
Washington .........:        5.78                 5.70                6.01      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.36                 4.52                4.79      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Iowa ...............:        3.42                3.73                3.70       
Michigan ...........:        3.41                3.68                 (S)       
Minnesota ..........:        2.35                2.50                2.44       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        2.46                2.50                2.60       
Oregon .............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:         (D)                4.46                4.68       
South Dakota .......:        2.65                2.92                2.72       
Texas ..............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        3.27                3.45                2.87       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.67                2.95                3.19       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.67                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        5.16                4.96                5.05       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                4.47                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.62                4.38                4.26       
North Dakota .......:        4.26                4.64                4.20       
Washington .........:        3.20                4.65                4.99       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.64                4.74                4.51       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.67                 (D)                4.81       
Idaho ..............:        5.28                5.08                5.16       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.63                4.40                4.44       
North Dakota .......:        4.49                4.72                4.66       
Washington .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.78                4.84                4.82       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        3.30                2.79                3.39       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Montana ............:        3.85                2.47                2.89       
North Dakota .......:        2.93                2.78                3.49       
Washington .........:        3.20                2.79                2.98       
Wyoming ............:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.06                2.81                3.32       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :  December 2018   :  November 2019   :  December 2019   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Colorado ...............:       3.51               3.84               3.79       
Illinois ...............:       3.60               3.66               3.73       
Indiana ................:       3.70               3.92               4.01       
Iowa ...................:       3.52               3.64               3.70       
Kansas .................:       3.58               3.55               3.57       
Kentucky ...............:       3.84               3.96               4.07       
Michigan ...............:       3.46               3.87               3.86       
Minnesota ..............:       3.39               3.48               3.51       
Missouri ...............:       3.63               3.77               3.86       
Nebraska ...............:       3.49               3.64               3.68       
                        :                                                        
North Carolina .........:       4.31               4.30               4.63       
North Dakota ...........:       3.16               3.40               3.28       
Ohio ...................:       3.63               4.06               4.13       
Pennsylvania ...........:       4.25               4.27               4.31       
South Dakota ...........:       3.27               3.57               3.56       
Tennessee ..............:       3.86               3.87               4.11       
Texas ..................:       4.08               4.28               4.26       
Wisconsin ..............:       3.38               3.52               3.56       
                        :                                                        
United States ..........:       3.54               3.68               3.71       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas 1/ ........:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Kansas .............:        5.61                 5.55                5.52      
Louisiana 1/ .......:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Missouri 1/ ........:        6.30                 (NA)                (NA)      
Nebraska ...........:        5.38                 5.58                5.58      
Oklahoma ...........:        5.99                 6.00                5.93      
Texas ..............:        6.08                 6.28                6.47      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.68                 5.64                5.64      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:       9.00                9.00                8.90        
Illinois ...........:       8.81                8.96                9.09        
Indiana ............:       8.94                8.94                9.18        
Iowa ...............:       8.42                8.50                8.69        
Kansas .............:       7.98                8.24                8.30        
Kentucky ...........:       8.76                9.06                9.11        
Louisiana ..........:       9.05                8.85                8.89        
Michigan ...........:       8.49                8.68                8.95        
Minnesota ..........:       8.54                8.49                8.45        
Mississippi ........:       9.17                8.91                8.93        
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:       8.60                8.76                8.88        
Nebraska ...........:       8.18                8.17                8.35        
North Carolina .....:       8.65                8.57                8.79        
North Dakota .......:       8.06                8.00                7.97        
Ohio ...............:       8.76                9.13                9.35        
South Dakota .......:       8.17                8.30                8.43        
Tennessee ..........:       8.71                9.05                9.06        
Wisconsin ..........:       8.51                8.39                8.48        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       8.56                8.59                8.70        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:       63.00               53.30                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:       23.40               34.90               41.20       
Idaho ..............:       22.90               23.90                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:       29.30               32.00                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       22.50               25.00               31.50       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       24.70               28.80               32.00       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States:
December 2019 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:       0.196               0.155                0.153      
Arkansas ...........:       0.153               0.191                0.081      
Florida ............:       0.194               0.197                0.199      
Georgia ............:       0.204               0.181                0.192      
Mississippi ........:       0.074               0.184                0.064      
New Mexico .........:       0.229               0.511                  (S)      
North Carolina .....:       0.216               0.224                0.239      
Oklahoma ...........:       0.218               0.260                0.260      
South Carolina .....:       0.201               0.193                0.150      
Texas ..............:       0.237               0.305                0.254      
Virginia ...........:       0.230               0.206                  (S)      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       0.205               0.192                0.196      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:         (D)               17.00                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:       18.40                 (D)               18.80       
North Dakota .......:       18.00               18.40               18.30       
South Dakota .......:       15.80               17.50               16.80       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       16.90               17.90               17.60       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: December 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   December 2018   :   November 2019   :   December 2019   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:       13.70               13.60               14.10       
North Dakota .......:       16.40               14.40               14.40    

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