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USDA - NASS: Agricultural Prices (2020-05-29)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 29, 2020


Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released May 29, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

April Prices Received Index Down 9.0 Percent 

The April Prices Received Index 2011 Base (Agricultural Production), at 84.9, 
decreased 9.0 percent from March and 9.4 percent from April 2019. At 92.4, 
the Crop Production Index was up 4.2 percent from last month and 7.7 percent 
from the previous year. The Livestock Production Index, at 78.3, decreased 
20 percent from March and 22 percent from April last year. Producers received 
lower prices during April for broilers, market eggs, milk, and corn but 
higher prices for oranges, grapefruit, rice, and hay. In addition to prices, 
the indexes are influenced by the volume change of commodities producers 
market. Increased monthly movement of strawberries, oranges, milk, and apples 
offset the decreased marketing of corn, cattle, soybeans, and hay. 

April Prices Paid Index Down 1.1 Percent 

The April Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 108.7, is down 1.1 percent from March 2020 
and 2.3 percent from April 2019. Lower prices in April for feeder cattle, 
feeder pigs, diesel, and feed grains more than offset higher prices for 
complete feeds, LP gas, concentrates, and supplements.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :    April    :    March    :    April    
                Index Group               :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     93.7          93.3          84.9    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    111.3         109.9         108.7    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       85            85            78    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers.................................................................................  3
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons............................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.......................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2019 and 2020.............  4
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2019 and 2020.................  5
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons....................  6
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons..................  7
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons..........  8
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons...............  8
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons......................  9
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons...................  9
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.................... 10
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons................... 10
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons........................... 10
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons..................... 11
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons................. 11
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.................... 11
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.................. 12
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons........................... 12
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons....................... 13
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons...................... 13
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons............. 14
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons...................... 14
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons......................... 14
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons....................... 14
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons... 15
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons..... 15
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.................... 16
Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total: April 2020................. 16
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: April 2019............................... 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: March 2020............................... 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: April 2020............................... 17
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons....................... 18
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons...................... 18
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.. 19
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons....................................... 20
Market Year for Specified Commodities...................................................................... 22
Tobacco Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017-2019.......... 22
Tobacco Market Year Average Prices Received by Class and Type - States and United States: Marketing 
   Years 2017-2019......................................................................................... 23
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates................................................................... 24
Prices Paid by Farmers..................................................................................... 25
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons................. 26
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   April 2020 with Comparisons............................................................................. 27
Feed Price Ratios - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons............................................. 28
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons........... 28
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons.............................. 28
Feed Ratios Monthly and Annual Average - United States: 2015-2020.......................................... 29
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates....................................................................... 30
Information Contacts....................................................................................... 31
 
April Prices Received by Farmers

Crop production: The April index, at 92.4, is 4.2 percent higher than March 
and 7.7 percent higher than April 2019. The fruit & tree nut and vegetable & 
melon index increases more than offset the other crop and feed grain index 
decreases.

Grain and oilseed: The April index, at 62.4, is down 5.3 percent from March 
and 2.2 percent from April 2019. The feed grain index decreases more than 
offset food grain index increases.

Feed grain: The April index, at 55.1, decreased 11 percent from last month 
and 6.6 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.29 per bushel, is down 
39 cents from last month and 24 cents from April 2019. 

Food grain: At 78.9, the index for April increased 1.3 percent from the 
previous month and 6.6 percent from a year ago. The April price for rice, at 
$13.80 per cwt, is 60 cents higher than March and $1.80 higher than 
April 2019. The April price for all wheat, at $4.84 per bushel, is 2 cents 
lower than March and 9 cents lower than April 2019. 

Oilseed: At 67.5, the index for April decreased 1.3 percent from March but 
increased 0.9 percent from April 2019. The soybean price, at $8.35 per 
bushel, is 11 cents lower than March but 7 cents higher than April a year 
earlier.

Fruit and tree nut: The April index, at 145.8, is up 9.3 percent from March 
and 34 percent from a year earlier. Price increases during April for 
grapefruit, lemons, and oranges more than offset price decreases for pears 
and strawberries.

Vegetable and melon: At 125.6, the index for April decreased 6.3 percent from 
the previous month but increased 11.1 percent from April 2019. Price 
increases during April for snap beans, onions, and tomatoes more than offset 
price declines for lettuce, potatoes, and celery.

Other crop: The April index, at 77.1, is down 2.2 percent from the previous 
month and 13 percent from April 2019. At 54.9 cents per pound, the price for 
upland cotton is 2.7 cents lower than March and 15.6 cents lower than April 
2019. The all hay price, at $161.00 per ton is $3.00 higher than March but 
$23.00 lower than April 2019. 

Livestock production: The index for April, at 78.3, decreased 20 percent from 
the previous month and 22 percent from April a year earlier. Compared with a 
year ago, prices are lower for broilers, cattle, milk, and hogs. Prices for 
turkeys are higher than a year earlier.

Meat animal: At 87.5, the April index decreased 5.7 percent from the previous 
month and 17 percent from a year earlier. At $42.30 per cwt, the April hog 
price is $5.40 lower than March and $17.10 lower than a year earlier. The 
April beef cattle price of $108.00 per cwt is $5.00 lower than the previous 
month and $17.00 lower than April 2019.

Dairy: The index for April, at 71.6, is down 20 percent from the previous 
month and 18.7 percent from April a year ago. The April all milk price of 
$14.40 per cwt is $3.60 lower than March and $3.30 lower than April 2019. 

Poultry and egg: At 67.0, the April index decreased 40 percent from March and 
35.3 percent from April 2019. The April market egg price, at 79.7 cents per 
dozen, is 78.3 cents lower than March but 42.4 cents higher than April 2019. 
The April broiler price, at 22.6 cents per pound, is 20.4 cents lower than 
March and 32.4 cents lower than a year ago. At 67.7 cents per pound, the 
April turkey price is 1.3 cents higher than the previous month and 12.1 cents 
higher than April 2019.

Food Commodities: The index, at 88.0, decreased 11 percent from the previous 
month and 9.9 percent from April 2019.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :   April   :   March   :   April   
           Index Group          :   2019    :   2020    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    93.7        93.3        84.9   
  Crop production ..............:    85.8        88.7        92.4   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    63.8        65.9        62.4   
      Feed grain ...............:    59.0        61.6        55.1   
      Food grain ...............:    74.0        77.9        78.9   
      Oilseed ..................:    66.9        68.4        67.5   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   109.1       133.4       145.8   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   113.1       134.1       125.6   
    Other crop .................:    88.1        78.8        77.1   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:   100.5        97.4        78.3   
    Meat animal ................:   104.9        92.8        87.5   
      Cattle ...................:   109.7        99.3        94.8   
      Hog ......................:    89.3        71.7        63.6   
    Dairy ......................:    88.1        89.6        71.6   
    Poultry and egg ............:   103.5       112.2        67.0   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    97.7        98.7        88.0   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :   April   :   March   :   April   
           Index Group          :   2019    :   2020    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    967         963         876    
  Crop production ..............:    748         773         806    
  Livestock production .........:   1167        1131         910    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2019 and 2020
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent         percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 86.4    88.8    78.7    82.3     97.8   98.5    92.9    96.3  
February ......: 90.3    90.5    85.1    86.0     95.2   94.7    94.3    94.8  
March .........: 93.3    93.3    87.7    88.7     98.1   97.4    98.0    98.7  
April .........: 93.7    84.9    85.8    92.4    100.5   78.3    97.7    88.0  
May ...........: 92.6            85.0             99.2           96.1          
June ..........: 93.7            89.9             97.4           96.7          
July ..........: 91.4            89.3             93.7           93.5          
August ........: 91.8            89.8             93.8           94.5          
September .....: 88.1            88.9             87.4           90.1          
October .......: 86.0            83.1             90.6           89.3          
November ......: 90.4            85.1             97.1           97.4          
December ......: 90.7            85.3             97.2           96.3          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2019 and 2020
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 110.5   111.2   107.4   107.6   111.6   111.8   109.3   110.6 
February ......: 110.6   110.9   107.5   107.1   111.8   111.8   109.4   110.0 
March .........: 110.7   109.9   107.6   105.8   111.6   111.2   109.8   108.6 
April .........: 111.3   108.7   108.4   104.3   111.6   110.7   110.9   106.6 
May ...........: 110.9           107.8           111.7           110.0         
June ..........: 110.4           107.2           111.8           108.9         
July ..........: 110.7           107.3           112.1           109.1         
August ........: 109.9           106.2           111.4           108.2         
September .....: 109.6           105.8           111.0           108.0         
October .......: 110.3           106.7           111.6           109.0         
November ......: 110.6           107.1           111.7           109.4         
December ......: 110.9           107.4           111.9           109.7         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for non-citrus fruit commodities is United States Department of Agriculture's
Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :  April 2019  :  March 2020  :  April 2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79           4.80            4.89           4.64   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59           3.39            3.55           3.16   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83           4.92            5.08           4.73   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60          26.10           37.00          37.20   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10          15.80           15.50          15.20   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70          22.50           17.70          16.80   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20          22.40           17.70          16.90   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40          23.40           17.70          12.60   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02           3.53            3.68           3.29   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880          0.705           0.576          0.549   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00           (NA)            (NA)           (NA)   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20           9.93           10.70           9.15   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00         184.00          158.00         161.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00         198.00          175.00         181.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00         158.00          130.00         124.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50          16.00           21.20          14.60   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42           3.01            2.96           3.10   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252          0.203           0.206          0.206   
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60          10.30            9.56           9.52   
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70          12.00           13.20          13.80   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30          10.50           12.50          12.80   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40          17.30           15.40          16.00   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70           5.40            5.88           5.77   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50           8.28            8.46           8.35   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00          17.60           20.60          20.20   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44           4.93            4.86           4.84   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93           4.86            4.84           4.88   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22           4.85            5.46           5.26   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33           5.03            4.82           4.68   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07           4.59            4.62           4.64   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77           4.69            5.75           5.64   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38           5.02            4.80           4.63   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58           5.29            5.39           5.49   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47          13.51            9.73          11.26   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30          13.38           10.64          10.91   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16          11.23            9.97          11.09   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh 1/                     :                                                           
  Apples ....................dollars/pound:     0.325          0.381           0.577          0.577   
  Grapes ......................dollars/ton:    628.00            (S)             (S)            (S)   
  Peaches .....................dollars/ton:    507.00            (S)             (S)            (S)   
  Pears .......................dollars/ton:    559.00         545.00        1,170.00       1,050.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00          79.20          189.00         123.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                 

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: April 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for vegetables, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :  April 2019  :  March 2020  :  April 2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50         119.00           (S)          284.00   
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00          60.00         43.20           45.30   
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60          50.00         79.60           53.80   
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50            (S)           (S)             (S)   
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80          28.10         57.50           47.50   
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00          67.00        102.00           72.00   
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50         113.00         55.70           49.60   
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70          34.80         28.60           28.20   
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70          29.20         42.00           23.40   
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30          28.10         27.40           22.30   
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90          23.60         20.60           24.80   
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30          11.50         15.90           14.60   
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20          43.40         57.60           65.00   
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00         174.00        160.00          151.00   
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00         125.00        113.00          108.00   
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60          61.30         67.50           64.00   
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00         128.00        114.00          111.00   
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00       1,140.00          (NA)        1,250.00   
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50          59.40         47.70           42.30   
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80          59.70         48.30           42.60   
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90          50.60         31.50           36.20   
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10          17.70         18.00           14.40   
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71           3.89          3.96            3.94   
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459          0.550         0.430           0.226   
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.969          0.633          1.72            1.03   
  Market 7/ .................dollars/dozen:      0.796          0.373          1.58           0.797   
 Turkeys, live 8/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680          0.556         0.664           0.677   
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979          0.712          1.39            1.15   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101             89           123              89   
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20          18.50         18.60           15.10   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100             96            97              96   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                 
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
8/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.65        5.28        4.87        3.29        3.56        3.79        9.30        8.64        8.84    
February ...:   4.92        5.33        4.88        3.38        3.60        3.78        9.50        8.52        8.59    
March ......:   5.10        5.19        4.86        3.51        3.61        3.68        9.81        8.52        8.46    
April ......:   5.28        4.93        4.84        3.58        3.53        3.29        9.85        8.28        8.35    
May ........:   5.39        4.78                    3.68        3.63                    9.84        8.02                
June .......:   5.19        4.81                    3.58        3.98                    9.55        8.31                
July .......:   5.00        4.52                    3.47        4.16                    9.08        8.38                
August .....:   5.31        4.35                    3.36        3.93                    8.59        8.22                
September ..:   5.15        4.26                    3.40        3.80                    8.78        8.35                
October ....:   5.22        4.45                    3.42        3.84                    8.59        8.60                
November ...:   5.23        4.39                    3.41        3.68                    8.36        8.59                
December ...:   5.28        4.64                    3.54        3.71                    8.56        8.70                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2020
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  120.00      121.00      122.00       52.50       44.60       47.80   
February .:  125.00      123.00      120.00       54.60       43.40       45.50   
March ....:  125.00      126.00      113.00       50.00       46.50       47.70   
April ....:  119.00      125.00      108.00       45.30       59.40       42.30   
May ......:  120.00      120.00                   51.50       62.30               
June .....:  112.00      114.00                   59.10       59.50               
July .....:  110.00      112.00                   58.60       56.60               
August ...:  110.00      111.00                   44.30       58.50               
September :  108.00      103.00                   43.20       47.70               
October ..:  110.00      107.00                   50.30       49.10               
November .:  113.00      113.00                   46.20       48.00               
December .:  117.00      118.00                   43.40       47.30               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.08                4.28                4.48       
Idaho ..............:        5.23                5.01                4.94       
Illinois ...........:        5.10                6.19                5.85       
Indiana ............:        4.14                5.43                5.47       
Kansas .............:        4.58                4.37                4.56       
Michigan ...........:        5.25                5.66                5.85       
Minnesota ..........:        5.31                4.76                4.48       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        4.52                5.66                5.97       
Montana ............:        5.10                5.01                4.80       
Nebraska ...........:        4.03                4.30                4.44       
North Carolina .....:        4.79                6.39                5.74       
North Dakota .......:        4.81                4.75                4.64       
Ohio ...............:        4.83                5.62                5.32       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.09                4.49                4.61       
Oregon .............:        5.70                6.02                5.95       
South Dakota .......:        4.72                4.81                4.78       
Texas ..............:        4.07                5.24                5.35       
Washington .........:        5.40                5.68                5.73       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.93                4.86                4.84       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                  (S)                 (S)      
California .........:         (D)                  (D)                 (D)      
Colorado ...........:        4.08                 4.28                4.48      
Idaho ..............:        5.18                 5.03                4.93      
Illinois ...........:        5.10                 6.19                5.85      
Indiana ............:        4.14                 5.43                5.47      
Kansas .............:        4.58                 4.37                4.56      
Michigan ...........:        5.25                 5.66                5.85      
Minnesota 1/ .......:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Missouri ...........:        4.52                 5.66                5.97      
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        5.19                 5.06                4.65      
Nebraska ...........:        4.03                 4.30                4.44      
North Carolina .....:        4.79                 6.39                5.74      
North Dakota .......:         (S)                  (D)                4.61      
Ohio ...............:        4.83                 5.62                5.32      
Oklahoma ...........:        4.09                 4.49                4.61      
Oregon .............:        5.70                 6.02                5.95      
South Dakota .......:        4.69                 4.60                4.73      
Texas ..............:        4.07                 5.24                5.35      
Washington .........:        5.22                 5.59                5.70      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.86                 4.84                4.88      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        4.76                5.63                5.31       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.85                5.46                5.26       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado 1/ ........:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Idaho ..............:        5.22                 4.98                 (D)      
Minnesota ..........:        5.31                 4.76                4.48      
Montana ............:        4.99                 4.96                5.01      
North Dakota .......:        4.82                 4.58                4.40      
Oregon 1/ ..........:        5.71                 (NA)                (NA)      
South Dakota .......:        4.75                 5.00                4.91      
Washington .........:        5.82                 6.09                5.88      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.03                 4.82                4.68      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Iowa ...............:        3.38                4.04                3.51       
Michigan ...........:        3.80                3.86                4.06       
Minnesota ..........:        3.11                2.49                2.69       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Nebraska ...........:        3.19                 (D)                3.28       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:        2.63                2.73                2.39       
Oregon .............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        4.75                4.50                4.01       
South Dakota .......:        2.89                2.75                3.12       
Texas ..............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        3.40                3.26                3.59       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.01                2.96                3.10       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.66                4.94                5.28       
Idaho ..............:        5.49                5.15                4.95       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.67                4.66                3.95       
North Dakota .......:        4.29                4.08                4.17       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.80                4.89                4.64       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.66                 (D)                5.28       
Idaho ..............:        5.61                5.19                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.69                4.73                4.24       
North Dakota .......:        4.46                4.62                4.19       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.92                5.08                4.73       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        3.77                3.93                3.42       
Minnesota ..........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Montana ............:         (D)                3.09                3.14       
North Dakota .......:        3.29                3.50                2.85       
Washington .........:        3.08                3.02                2.81       
Wyoming ............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.39                3.55                3.16       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas 1/ ........:         (S)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Kansas .............:        5.17                 5.81                5.77      
Louisiana 1/ .......:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Missouri 1/ ........:        6.59                 (NA)                (NA)      
Nebraska ...........:        5.41                  (D)                5.64      
Oklahoma ...........:        5.54                 6.21                5.86      
Texas ..............:        6.36                 6.75                5.81      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.40                 5.88                5.77      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :    April 2019    :    March 2020    :    April 2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Colorado ...............:       3.58               3.74               3.34       
Illinois ...............:       3.54               3.65               3.21       
Indiana ................:       3.68               4.03               3.61       
Iowa ...................:       3.51               3.64               3.28       
Kansas .................:       3.48               3.59               3.26       
Kentucky ...............:       3.82               4.11               3.76       
Michigan ...............:       3.60               3.73               3.42       
Minnesota ..............:       3.36               3.49               3.14       
Missouri ...............:       3.61               3.85               3.44       
Nebraska ...............:       3.49               3.63               3.23       
                        :                                                        
North Carolina .........:       4.27               4.62               4.36       
North Dakota ...........:       3.25               3.16               2.82       
Ohio ...................:       3.64               3.99               3.66       
Pennsylvania ...........:       4.19               4.11               3.77       
South Dakota ...........:       3.28               3.42               3.00       
Tennessee ..............:       3.60               4.02               3.53       
Texas ..................:       3.92               4.24               3.83       
Wisconsin ..............:       3.46               3.51               3.10       
                        :                                                        
United States ..........:       3.53               3.68               3.29       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:       8.09                 8.50                8.31       
Illinois ...........:       8.41                 8.78                8.42       
Indiana ............:       8.57                 9.01                8.64       
Iowa ...............:       8.25                 8.43                8.35       
Kansas .............:       8.01                 8.18                8.10       
Kentucky ...........:       8.68                 8.99                8.63       
Louisiana ..........:       8.06                  (D)                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:       8.22                 8.90                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:       8.11                 7.40                8.07       
Mississippi ........:       8.01                  (D)                8.34       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:       8.48                 8.80                8.49       
Nebraska ...........:       8.09                 8.23                8.08       
North Carolina .....:       8.38                 8.73                8.51       
North Dakota .......:       7.65                 7.67                7.49       
Ohio ...............:       8.50                 9.11                8.88       
South Dakota .......:       7.88                 8.13                7.90       
Tennessee ..........:       8.69                 8.99                8.52       
Wisconsin ..........:       8.23                 8.30                8.13       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       8.28                 8.46                8.35       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:       70.60                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)               36.10               38.40       
Idaho ..............:       25.00                 (D)                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:         (D)               37.40                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:       21.40               38.20                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       21.80               35.90               36.10       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       26.10               37.00               37.20       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:       0.200                0.198               0.203      
Arkansas ...........:       0.191                  (S)                 (S)      
Florida ............:       0.207                0.195               0.200      
Georgia ............:       0.197                0.197               0.199      
Mississippi ........:       0.181                0.189               0.205      
New Mexico .........:       0.254                  (S)                 (S)      
North Carolina .....:       0.217                0.222               0.222      
Oklahoma ...........:       0.243                0.236               0.233      
South Carolina .....:       0.211                0.209               0.212      
Texas ..............:       0.229                0.331               0.233      
Virginia ...........:       0.222                0.214               0.220      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       0.203                0.206               0.206      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:         (D)               19.50                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)               22.40                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       18.80               21.10               21.70       
South Dakota .......:       16.30               20.70               19.50       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       17.60               20.60               20.20       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:       15.20               13.60               15.70       
North Dakota .......:       15.80               15.60               15.10       
Oklahoma ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       15.80               15.50               15.20       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: April 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :    April 2019     :    March 2020     :    April 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:       9.93                10.70               9.15        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       9.93                10.70               9.15        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: April 2020 with Comparisons
[Cottonseed marketing year August - February]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             Cotton, Upland              :               Cottonseed                
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :    April    :    March    :    April    :    April    :    March    :    April    
                    :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   -------- dollars per pound --------        -------- dollars per ton -------     
                    :                  

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