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USDA - NASS: Agricultural Prices (2020-08-28)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - August 28, 2020


Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released August 28, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

July Prices Received Index Down 2.0 Percent 

The July Prices Received Index 2011 Base (Agricultural Production), at 87.4, 
decreased 2.0 percent from June and 4.3 percent from July 2019. At 90.0, the 
Crop Production Index was down 2.0 percent from last month but up 0.9 percent 
from the previous year. The Livestock Production Index, at 84.5, decreased 
2.5 percent from June, and 9.8 percent from July last year. Producers 
received higher prices during July for milk, market eggs, potatoes, and corn 
but lower prices for cattle, broilers, hogs, and oranges. In addition to 
prices, the indexes are influenced by the volume change of commodities 
producers market. In July, there was increased monthly movement for grapes, 
wheat, hay, and tomatoes and decreased marketing of milk, oranges, cattle, 
and strawberries. 

July Prices Paid Index Up 0.5 Percent 

The July Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and 
Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 109.7, is up 0.5 percent from June 2020 but down 
0.8 percent from July 2019. Higher prices in July for feeder cattle, other 
services, herbicides, and milk cows more than offset lower prices for 
nitrogen, potash and phosphate, concentrates, and LP gas.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :    July     :    June     :    July     
                Index Group               :    2019     :    2020     :    2020     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     91.3          89.2          87.4    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    110.6         109.2         109.7    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       82            82            79    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers...................................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons...............................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons..........................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2019 and 2020...............  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2019 and 2020...................  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.......................  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.....................  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons............  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons.................  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons......................... 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons...................... 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons....................... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons...................... 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.............................. 11
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons........................ 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.................... 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons....................... 12
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons..................... 13
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.............................. 13
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.......................... 14
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons......................... 14
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons............................ 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.......................... 15
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons................ 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons......................... 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons...... 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons........ 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons....................... 17
Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total: July 2020.................... 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: July 2019.................................. 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: June 2020.................................. 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: July 2020.................................. 18
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.......................... 19
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons......................... 19
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons..... 20
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.......................................... 21
Marketing Year for Specified Commodities..................................................................... 23
Wheat Marketing Year Average Prices Received by Class - United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 23
All Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019..... 24
Feed Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019.... 25
Malting Barley Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2018 and 2019............................................................................................. 25
Rye Market Year Average Prices Received - State and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019............. 25
Oats Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019........... 26
Peanut Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019......... 26
Winter Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2018 and 2019............................................................................................. 27
Durum Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2018 and 2019............................................................................................. 28
Other Spring Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 
   2018 and 2019............................................................................................. 28
All Wheat Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019...... 29
Hay Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018 and 2019............ 30
All Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 and 2019-2020...... 31
Feed Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 and 2019-2020..... 32
Malting Barley Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 33
Oats Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019........................... 34
Oats Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2019-2020........................... 35
All Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019...................... 36
All Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2019-2020...................... 37
Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019................... 38
Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2019-2020................... 39
Other Spring Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 40
Durum Wheat Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 41
Hard Red Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 42
Soft Red Winter Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 42
Hard Red Spring Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 42
White Wheat Prices Received by Month - United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 and 2019-2020................ 42
All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019........................ 43
All Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2019-2020........................ 45
Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019.................... 47
Alfalfa Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2019-2020.................... 49
Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2018-2019...................... 51
Other Hay Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Year 2019-2020...................... 53
Peanut Prices Received by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 and 2019-2020.......... 55
All Barley Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 56
Oats Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 and 2019-2020...... 57
All Wheat Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 58
All Hay Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 60
Peanut Marketing Percentages by Month - States and United States: Marketing Years 2018-2019 
   and 2019-2020............................................................................................. 62
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates..................................................................... 63
Prices Paid by Farmers....................................................................................... 64
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.................... 65
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: July 2020 
   with Comparisons.......................................................................................... 66
Feed Price Ratios - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons................................................ 67
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons.............. 67
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons................................. 67
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates......................................................................... 68
Information Contacts......................................................................................... 69

July Prices Received by Farmers

Crop production: The July index, at 90.0, is 2.0 percent lower than June but 
0.9 percent higher than July 2019. The fruit & tree nut index decreases more 
than offset the grain & oilseed, vegetable & melon, and other crop index 
increases.

Grain and oilseed: The July index, at 61.4, is up 1.3 percent from June but 
down 8.8 percent from July 2019. Oilseed and feed grain index increases more 
than offset the lower food grain index.

Feed grain: The July index, at 54.7, increased 2.8 percent from last month 
but decreased 22 percent from July 2019. The corn price, at $3.21 per bushel, 
is up 5 cents from last month but down 95 cents from July 2019. 

Food grain: At 65.3, the index for July decreased 4.7 percent from the 
previous month but increased 3.0 percent from 
July 2019. The July price for all wheat, at $4.54 per bushel, is 2 cents 
lower than June but 3 cents higher than July 2019. The July price for rice, 
at $15.10 per cwt, is 40 cents higher than June and $2.20 higher than 
July 2019.

Oilseed: At 69.1, the index for July increased 2.1 percent from June and 
1.9 percent from July 2019. The soybean price, at $8.51 per bushel, is 
17 cents higher than June and 13 cents higher than July 2019.

Fruit and tree nut: The July index, at 147.9, is down 1.9 percent from June 
but up 21 percent from July 2019. Price decreases during July for oranges 
more than offset price increases for lemons and strawberries.

Vegetable and melon: At 130.0, the index for July increased 1.2 percent from 
the previous month and 7.4 percent from July 2019. Price increases during 
July for potatoes, celery, cantaloupes, and lettuce more than offset price 
declines for broccoli, cauliflower, sweet corn, and tomatoes.

Other crop: The July index, at 88.9, is up 1.3 percent from the previous 
month but down 4.0 percent from July 2019. The upland cotton price, at 
60.4 cents per pound, is 3.9 cents higher than June but 14.3 cents lower than 
July 2019. At $161.00 per ton, the all hay price is $1.00 lower than June and 
$4.00 lower than July 2019

Livestock production: The index for July, at 84.5, decreased 2.5 percent from 
the previous month and 9.8 percent from July 2019. Meat animal and poultry & 
egg index decreases offset the higher dairy index. 

Meat animal: At 79.9, the July index decreased 9.2 percent from June and 
16 percent from July 2019. At $39.90 per cwt, the July hog price is $1.40 
lower than June and $16.70 lower than a year earlier. The July beef cattle 
price of $97.10 per cwt is $11.90 lower than June and $14.90 lower than July 
2019.

Dairy: The index for July, at 102.0, is up 13 percent from the previous month 
and 9.7 percent from July a year ago. The July all milk price of $20.50 per 
cwt is $2.40 higher than June and $1.80 higher than July 2019. 

Poultry and egg: At 79.6, the July index decreased 2.3 percent from June and 
14 percent from July 2019. The July broiler price, at 34.5 cents per pound, 
is 2.1 cents lower than June and 14.2 cents lower than July 2019. The July 
market egg price, at 47.5 cents per dozen, is 5.4 cents higher than June and 
25.1 cents higher than July 2019. At 73.7 cents per pound, the July turkey 
price is 2.3 cents higher than June and 16.1 cents higher than July 2019. 

Food Commodities: The index, at 91.3, decreased 2.6 percent from June and 
2.2 percent from July 2019.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :   July    :   June    :   July    
           Index Group          :   2019    :   2020    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    91.3        89.2        87.4   
  Crop production ..............:    89.2        91.8        90.0   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    67.3        60.6        61.4   
      Feed grain ...............:    69.7        53.2        54.7   
      Food grain ...............:    63.4        68.5        65.3   
      Oilseed ..................:    67.8        67.7        69.1   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   121.9       150.7       147.9   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   121.0       128.4       130.0   
    Other crop .................:    92.6        87.8        88.9   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:    93.7        86.7        84.5   
    Meat animal ................:    94.9        88.0        79.9   
      Cattle ...................:    97.6        95.3        85.4   
      Hog ......................:    85.1        62.1        60.0   
    Dairy ......................:    93.0        90.0       102.0   
    Poultry and egg ............:    92.0        81.5        79.6   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    93.4        93.7        91.3   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :   July    :   June    :   July    
           Index Group          :   2019    :   2020    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    942         921         902    
  Crop production ..............:    778         801         784    
  Livestock production .........:   1088        1007         981    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2019 and 2020
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent         percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 86.4    88.9    78.7    82.5     97.8   98.5    92.9    96.4  
February ......: 90.3    90.6    85.1    86.3     95.2   94.7    94.3    95.0  
March .........: 93.3    93.4    87.8    88.9     98.1   97.4    98.0    98.8  
April .........: 93.7    85.1    85.8    92.7    100.5   78.4    97.7    88.2  
May ...........: 92.6    88.3    85.0    94.9     99.1   82.6    96.1    92.5  
June ..........: 93.7    89.2    89.9    91.8     97.3   86.7    96.7    93.7  
July ..........: 91.3    87.4    89.2    90.0     93.7   84.5    93.4    91.3  
August ........: 91.5            89.2             93.7           94.1          
September .....: 87.9            88.5             87.3           89.9          
October .......: 86.0            83.0             90.6           89.2          
November ......: 90.3            85.1             97.1           97.3          
December ......: 91.1            86.0             97.1           96.8          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2019 and 2020
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  : 2019  : 2020  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 110.5   111.4   107.4   107.6   111.6   112.0   109.3   110.7 
February ......: 110.6   111.1   107.5   107.2   111.8   112.0   109.4   110.1 
March .........: 110.7   110.1   107.6   105.9   111.6   111.5   109.8   108.7 
April .........: 111.3   108.8   108.4   104.4   111.6   110.9   110.9   106.7 
May ...........: 110.9   108.9   107.8   104.5   111.7   111.0   109.9   106.6 
June ..........: 110.4   109.2   107.2   104.8   111.8   111.4   108.9   106.8 
July ..........: 110.6   109.7   107.3   105.4   112.1   111.7   109.1   107.6 
August ........: 109.9           106.2           111.4           108.2         
September .....: 109.6           105.8           111.0           108.0         
October .......: 110.4           106.7           111.6           109.0         
November ......: 110.6           107.1           111.7           109.4         
December ......: 110.9           107.4           111.9           109.7         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for non-citrus fruit commodities is United States Department of Agriculture's
Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :  July 2019   :  June 2020   :  July 2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.69           4.57           4.66   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            3.89           3.24           3.37   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.83           4.95           4.92   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           23.50          40.60          48.60   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           14.80          15.20          15.50   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           20.80          16.30          19.10   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           20.80          20.30          20.70   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           21.10          11.70          16.90   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            4.16           3.16           3.21   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.747          0.565          0.604   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00            (NA)           (NA)           (NA)   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20            9.10          10.10           9.64   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          164.00         162.00         161.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          183.00         179.00         174.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          134.00         128.00         137.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           13.30          15.20          16.10   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            3.09           3.16           2.97   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.206          0.207          0.207   
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60            9.24           9.02           8.80   
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           12.90          14.70          15.10   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           10.70          13.40          13.30   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           19.60          17.60          17.30   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            7.03           6.45           7.25   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            8.38           8.34           8.51   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           18.00          21.70          23.70   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            4.52           4.56           4.54   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            4.48           4.44           4.53   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            5.53           6.52           6.13   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            4.64           4.47           4.35   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            4.30           4.33           4.27   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            5.07           4.84           5.13   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            4.62           4.45           4.32   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            5.47           5.52           5.33   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47           11.34          13.41          15.95   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30           22.12          20.07          21.01   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16            7.26          16.15          15.53   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh 1/                     :                                                           
  Apples ....................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.388          0.586          0.600   
  Grapes ......................dollars/ton:    628.00        1,400.00       2,630.00       2,280.00   
  Peaches .....................dollars/ton:    507.00        1,090.00       1,190.00       1,310.00   
  Pears .......................dollars/ton:    559.00          781.00       1,050.00       1,340.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00           79.20         108.00         199.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
1/   Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                 

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: July 2020 with Comparisons
[Price data source for vegetables, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :  July 2019   :  June 2020   :  July 2020   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50            (S)        211.00             (S)   
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00          60.60         84.10             (S)   
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60          40.20        118.00           54.20   
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50          21.80         26.90           29.70   
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80          28.60         48.30           49.30   
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00          65.40         79.90           40.90   
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50          26.60         46.80           58.70   
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70          35.90         75.90           54.30   
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70          23.60         29.60           25.30   
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30          41.50         24.50           25.00   
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90          39.80         30.40           30.80   
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30          13.30         12.20           14.80   
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20          32.10         57.10           47.70   
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00         144.00        149.00          149.00   
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00         112.00        109.00           97.10   
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60          67.00         71.00           70.50   
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00         113.00        110.00           98.00   
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00       1,230.00          (NA)        1,310.00   
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50          56.60         41.30           39.90   
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80          57.40         42.20           40.70   
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90          35.60         21.00           21.20   
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10          18.70         18.10           20.50   
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71           3.75          3.82            3.79   
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459          0.487         0.366           0.345   
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.969          0.511         0.719           0.762   
  Market 7/ .................dollars/dozen:      0.796          0.224         0.421           0.475   
 Turkeys, live 8/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680          0.576         0.714           0.737   
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979          0.585         0.896           0.893   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101             87            80              85   
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20          19.00         18.50           20.80   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100             98            98              98   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                 
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
8/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2020 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.65        5.28        4.88        3.29        3.56        3.79        9.30        8.64        8.84    
February ...:   4.92        5.33        4.88        3.38        3.60        3.78        9.50        8.52        8.59    
March ......:   5.10        5.19        4.86        3.51        3.61        3.68        9.81        8.52        8.46    
April ......:   5.28        4.93        4.85        3.58        3.53        3.29        9.85        8.28        8.35    
May ........:   5.39        4.78        4.76        3.68        3.63        3.20        9.84        8.02        8.28    
June .......:   5.19        4.81        4.56        3.58        3.98        3.16        9.55        8.31        8.34    
July .......:   5.00        4.52        4.54        3.47        4.16        3.21        9.08        8.38        8.51    
August .....:   5.31        4.34                    3.36        3.93                    8.59        8.22                
September ..:   5.15        4.26                    3.40        3.80                    8.78        8.35                
October ....:   5.22        4.45                    3.42        3.84                    8.59        8.60                
November ...:   5.23        4.39                    3.41        3.68                    8.36        8.59                
December ...:   5.28        4.64                    3.54        3.71                    8.56        8.70                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2020
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  120.00      121.00      122.00       52.50       44.60       47.80   
February .:  125.00      123.00      120.00       54.60       43.40       45.50   
March ....:  125.00      126.00      113.00       50.00       46.50       47.70   
April ....:  119.00      125.00      108.00       45.30       59.40       42.30   
May ......:  120.00      120.00      109.00       51.50       62.30       51.00   
June .....:  112.00      114.00      109.00       59.10       59.50       41.30   
July .....:  110.00      112.00       97.10       58.60       56.60       39.90   
August ...:  110.00      111.00                   44.30       58.50               
September :  108.00      103.00                   43.20       47.70               
October ..:  110.00      107.00                   50.30       49.10               
November .:  113.00      113.00                   46.20       48.00               
December .:  117.00      118.00                   43.40       47.30               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:        4.68                5.50                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.27                4.35                4.23       
Idaho ..............:        5.10                5.19                4.88       
Illinois ...........:        4.92                5.25                5.26       
Indiana ............:        4.91                5.26                5.17       
Kansas .............:        4.21                4.25                4.23       
Michigan ...........:        5.27                5.18                5.23       
Minnesota ..........:        4.97                4.27                4.07       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        5.00                5.19                5.15       
Montana ............:        4.71                4.66                4.64       
Nebraska ...........:        4.16                4.20                4.17       
North Carolina .....:        5.38                4.47                4.56       
North Dakota .......:        4.49                4.63                4.42       
Ohio ...............:        5.21                5.07                5.17       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.32                4.26                4.21       
Oregon .............:        5.52                 (D)                 (D)       
South Dakota .......:        4.81                4.60                4.43       
Texas ..............:        4.49                4.52                4.66       
Washington .........:        5.75                5.69                5.51       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.52                4.56                4.54       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:        4.68                 5.50                 (D)      
California .........:         (D)                  (D)                 (D)      
Colorado ...........:        4.27                 4.35                4.23      
Idaho ..............:        5.04                  (D)                4.79      
Illinois ...........:        4.92                 5.25                5.26      
Indiana ............:        4.91                 5.26                5.17      
Kansas .............:        4.21                 4.25                4.23      
Michigan ...........:        5.27                 5.18                5.23      
Minnesota 1/ .......:         (D)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Missouri ...........:        5.00                 5.19                5.15      
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        4.68                 4.63                4.58      
Nebraska ...........:        4.16                 4.20                4.17      
North Carolina .....:        5.38                 4.47                4.56      
North Dakota .......:        4.13                 4.34                3.81      
Ohio ...............:        5.21                 5.07                5.17      
Oklahoma ...........:        4.32                 4.26                4.21      
Oregon .............:        5.52                  (D)                 (D)      
South Dakota .......:        4.66                 4.55                4.35      
Texas ..............:        4.49                 4.52                4.66      
Washington .........:        5.74                 5.64                5.49      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.48                 4.44                4.53      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Montana ............:        4.87                5.50                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        4.71                5.47                5.48       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.53                6.52                6.13       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado 1/ ........:         (S)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Idaho ..............:        5.21                 5.33                5.07      
Minnesota ..........:        4.97                 4.27                4.07      
Montana ............:        4.71                 4.43                4.63      
North Dakota .......:        4.47                 4.43                4.28      
Oregon 1/ ..........:        5.54                 (NA)                (NA)      
South Dakota .......:        4.95                 4.66                4.63      
Washington .........:        5.78                 5.90                5.65      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.64                 4.47                4.35      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Iowa ...............:        3.60                3.85                3.20       
Michigan ...........:        3.78                4.10                3.01       
Minnesota ..........:        3.13                2.90                2.75       
Montana ............:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:        3.34                3.49                2.45       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:        2.39                2.38                2.36       
Oregon .............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        3.70                3.79                3.92       
South Dakota .......:        3.08                2.99                2.63       
Texas ..............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        3.07                3.37                2.81       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.09                3.16                2.97       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                5.21                5.29       
Idaho ..............:        5.15                5.21                5.20       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                4.34       
Montana ............:        3.55                3.71                3.90       
North Dakota .......:        4.22                3.90                4.06       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                5.69       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.69                4.57                4.66       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                5.21                5.36       
Idaho ..............:        5.20                5.27                5.30       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                4.39       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (D)                4.05       
North Dakota .......:        4.39                4.41                4.40       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.83                4.95                4.92       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        3.66                3.55                4.28       
Minnesota ..........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        3.06                 (D)                2.67       
North Dakota .......:        3.24                3.21                3.11       
Washington .........:        3.32                 (D)                2.96       
Wyoming ............:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.89                3.24                3.37       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas 1/ ........:         (S)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Kansas .............:        6.36                 6.14                6.07      
Louisiana 1/ .......:         (S)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Missouri 1/ ........:         (S)                 (NA)                (NA)      
Nebraska ...........:        6.32                 5.00                5.53      
Oklahoma ...........:        6.59                 5.79                6.37      
Texas ..............:        7.16                 6.99                7.48      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        7.03                 6.45                7.25      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
1/   Monthly estimates discontinued in September 2019.                          

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: July 2020 with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :    July 2019     :    June 2020     :    July 2020     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Colorado ...............:       4.18               3.08               3.46       
Illinois ...............:       4.20               3.17               3.26       
Indiana ................:       4.55               3.41               3.51       
Iowa ...................:       4.11               3.11               3.14       
Kansas .................:       4.09               3.19               3.31       
Kentucky ...............:       4.40               3.50               3.77       
Michigan ...............:       4.49               3.31               3.45       
Minnesota ..............:       3.88               3.07               3.04       
Missouri ...............:       4.24               3.48               3.38       
Nebraska ...............:       4.12               3.07               3.14       
                        :                                                        
North Carolina .........:       4.86               4.07               4.16       
North Dakota ...........:       3.72               2.81               2.91       
Ohio ...................:       4.59               3.54               3.47       
Pennsylvania ...........:       4.74               3.87               3.69       
South Dakota ...........:       3.99               2.89               2.94       
Tennessee ..............:       4.56               3.12               3.56       
Texas ..................:       4.66               3.76               3.71       
Wisconsin ..............:       3.98               3.16               3.05       
                        :                                                        
United States ..........:       4.16               3.16               3.21       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:        8.53               8.35                8.68        
Illinois ...........:        8.72               8.48                8.72        
Indiana ............:        8.80               8.69                8.87        
Iowa ...............:        8.38               8.28                8.48        
Kansas .............:        8.07               8.14                8.42        
Kentucky ...........:        8.75               8.71                8.98        
Louisiana ..........:        8.20               8.37                8.56        
Michigan ...........:        8.60               8.80                8.66        
Minnesota ..........:        8.31               8.23                8.36        
Mississippi ........:         (D)               8.39                8.73        
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        8.54               8.64                8.79        
Nebraska ...........:        8.15               8.07                8.17        
North Carolina .....:        8.60               8.69                9.02        
North Dakota .......:        7.75               7.73                7.97        
Ohio ...............:        8.65               8.82                8.95        
South Dakota .......:        7.98               7.93                8.22        
Tennessee ..........:        8.72               8.57                8.98        
Wisconsin ..........:        8.31               8.19                8.36        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        8.38               8.34                8.51        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:       21.70                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:       30.20               34.00               35.70       
Minnesota ..........:         (S)               41.20               50.50       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:       21.60               40.20               42.10       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       23.50               40.60               48.60       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: July 2020
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :     July 2019     :     June 2020     :     July 2020     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)               11.50               15.30       
North Dakota .......:       14.90               15.50               15.60       
Oklahoma ...........:       10.30             

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