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USDA - NASS: Agricultural Prices (2021-03-31)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - March 31, 2021


Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released March 31, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

February Prices Received Index Up 6.3 Percent 

The February Prices Received Index 2011 Base (Agricultural Production), at 
95.7, increased 6.3 percent from January and 5.6 percent from February 2020. 
At 98.1, the Crop Production Index was up 11 percent from last month and 
14 percent from the previous year. The Livestock Production Index, at 93.4, 
increased 1.7 percent from January, but decreased 1.4 percent from February 
last year. Producers received higher prices during February for soybeans, 
corn, hogs, and cattle but lower prices for celery, lettuce, milk, and 
tomatoes. In addition to prices, the volume change of commodities marketed 
also influences the indexes. In February, there was increased monthly 
movement for cattle, milk, greenhouse & nursery, and broilers and decreased 
marketing of soybeans, corn, tobacco, and cotton. 

February Prices Paid Index Up 1.2 Percent 

The February Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 114.5, is up 1.2 percent from January 2021 
and 3.5 percent from February 2020. Higher prices in February for complete 
feeds, feed grains, feeder pigs, and supplements more than offset lower 
prices for herbicides, insecticides, fungicides & other, and wage rates. 

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :  February   :   January   :  February   
                Index Group               :    2020     :    2021     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     90.6          90.0          95.7    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    110.6         113.1         114.5    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       82            80            83    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers....................................................................................  3
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons............................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.......................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2020 and 2021................  4
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2020 and 2021....................  5
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons....................  6
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons..................  7
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2021 with Comparisons.............  8
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2021 with Comparisons..................  8
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons......................  9
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons...................  9
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.................... 10
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons................... 10
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons........................... 10
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons..................... 11
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons................. 11
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.................... 11
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons........................... 12
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.................. 12
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons....................... 13
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons...................... 13
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons......................... 14
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons....................... 14
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons............. 14
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons...................... 14
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: February 2021 
   with Comparisons........................................................................................... 15
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons..... 15
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.................... 16
Prices Received for Premium and Supreme Alfalfa Hay - States and 5-State Total: February 2021................. 16
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: February 2020............................... 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: January 2021................................ 17
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - United States: February 2021............................... 17
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: February 2021 with Comparisons....................... 18
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: January 2021 with Comparisons....................... 18
Parity Price Overview......................................................................................... 19
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.. 20
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons....................................... 21
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates...................................................................... 23
Prices Paid by Farmers........................................................................................ 24
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons................. 25
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   February 2021 with Comparisons............................................................................. 26
Feed Price Ratios - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons............................................. 27
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons........... 27
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons.............................. 27
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates.......................................................................... 28
Information Contacts.......................................................................................... 29

February Prices Received by Farmers

Crop production: The February index, at 98.1, is 11 percent higher than 
January and 14 percent higher than February 2020. The grain & oilseed, other 
crop, and fruit & tree nut index increases more than offset the decrease in 
the vegetable & melon index.

Grain and oilseed: The February index, at 88.2, is up 13 percent from January 
and 31 percent from February 2020. The feed grain, food grain, and oilseed 
indexes all increased.

Feed grain: The February index, at 80.0, increased 12 percent from last month 
and 27 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $4.75 per bushel, is up 
51 cents from last month and 97 cents from February 2020. 

Food grain: At 87.2, the index for February increased 6.7 percent from the 
previous month and 11 percent from a year ago. The February price for all 
wheat, at $5.83 per bushel, is 35 cents higher than January and 95 cents 
higher than February 2020. The February price for rice, at $13.70 per cwt, is 
30 cents higher than January but unchanged from February 2020.

Oilseed: At 100.2, the index for February increased 15 percent from January 
and 45 percent from February 2020. The soybean price, at $12.70 per bushel, 
is $1.80 higher than January and $4.10 higher than February 2020.

Fruit and tree nut: The February index, at 135.5, is up 0.2 percent from 
January and 5.9 percent from a year earlier. Price increases for oranges and 
apples during February more than offset price decreases for grapefruit, 
strawberries, and lemons.

Vegetable and melon: At 95.8, the index for February decreased 19 percent 
from the previous month and 13 percent from February 2020. Price decreases 
during February for celery, lettuce, tomatoes, and broccoli more than offset 
the price increase for cauliflower. 

Other crop: The February index, at 87.5, is up 1.6 percent from the previous 
month and 8.8 percent from February 2020. The all hay price, at $163.00 per 
ton, is $6.00 higher than January and $6.00 higher than February 2020. At 
72.1 
cents per pound, the price for upland cotton is 2.6 cents higher than January 
and 11.5 cents higher than February 2020.

Livestock production: The index for February, at 93.4, increased 1.7 percent 
from the previous month but decreased 1.4 percent from February a year 
earlier. Meat animal and poultry & egg index increases more than offset the 
decrease in the dairy index.

Meat animal: At 95.3, the February index increased 3.9 percent from the 
previous month but decreased 1.2 percent from a year earlier. At $56.40 per 
cwt, the February hog price is $6.20 higher than January and $10.90 higher 
than a year earlier. The February beef cattle price of $112.00 per cwt is 
$2.00 higher than the previous month but $8.00 lower than February 2020.

Dairy: The index for February, at 85.1, is down 2.3 percent from the previous 
month and 9.5 percent from February a year ago. The February all milk price 
of $17.10 per cwt is 40 cents lower than January and $1.80 lower than 
February 2020. 

Poultry and egg: At 97.7, the February index increased 1.7 percent from 
January and 6.3 percent from February 2020. The February market egg price, at 
69.6 cents per dozen, is 2.6 cents higher than January and 5.6 cents higher 
than February 2020. The February broiler price, at 43.7 cents per pound, is 
0.5 cent higher than January and 1.8 cents higher than a year ago. At 
73.7 cents per pound, the February turkey price is 1.4 cents higher than the 
previous month and 9.3 cents higher than February 2020.

Food Commodities: The index, at 98.1, increased 3.5 percent from the previous 
month and 3.4 percent from February 2020.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : February  :  January  : February  
           Index Group          :   2020    :   2021    :   2021    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    90.6        90.0        95.7   
  Crop production ..............:    86.3        88.8        98.1   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    67.2        78.3        88.2   
      Feed grain ...............:    63.1        71.2        80.0   
      Food grain ...............:    78.6        81.7        87.2   
      Oilseed ..................:    69.3        86.8       100.2   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   128.0       135.2       135.5   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   110.0       118.3        95.8   
    Other crop .................:    80.4        86.1        87.5   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:    94.7        91.8        93.4   
    Meat animal ................:    96.5        91.7        95.3   
      Cattle ...................:   105.2        97.2        98.7   
      Hog ......................:    68.4        75.5        84.8   
    Dairy ......................:    94.0        87.1        85.1   
    Poultry and egg ............:    91.9        96.1        97.7   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    94.9        94.8        98.1   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States:
February 2021 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                : February  :  January  : February  
           Index Group          :   2020    :   2021    :   2021    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    934         929         987    
  Crop production ..............:    752         774         856    
  Livestock production .........:   1100        1065        1084    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2020 and 2021
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2020  : 2021  : 2020  : 2021  : 2020  : 2021  : 2020  : 2021  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent         percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 88.9    90.0    82.5    88.8    98.5    91.8     96.4   94.8  
February ......: 90.6    95.7    86.3    98.1    94.7    93.4     94.9   98.1  
March .........: 92.5            87.1            97.4             97.7         
April .........: 81.9            86.0            78.4             84.2         
May ...........: 84.4            86.5            82.6             87.5         
June ..........: 88.0            89.3            86.7             92.1         
July ..........: 86.5            88.4            84.5             90.2         
August ........: 87.4            90.9            83.9             90.8         
September .....: 89.2            93.9            84.1             92.7         
October .......: 89.1            88.2            90.6             94.5         
November ......: 93.0            92.1            94.2            101.0         
December ......: 91.3            91.6            90.9             96.2         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2020  : 2021  : 2020  : 2021  : 2020  : 2021  : 2020  : 2021  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 110.9   113.1   107.6   110.4   111.5   112.9   110.2   113.4 
February ......: 110.6   114.5   107.1   112.2   111.5   113.5   109.7   115.6 
March .........: 109.6           105.8           111.0           108.3         
April .........: 108.4           104.5           110.5           106.2         
May ...........: 108.5           104.6           110.7           106.3         
June ..........: 108.7           104.8           111.0           106.4         
July ..........: 109.2           105.3           111.2           107.1         
August ........: 109.5           105.6           111.3           107.5         
September .....: 109.9           106.3           111.5           108.3         
October .......: 110.6           107.2           111.7           109.5         
November ......: 111.4           108.3           111.9           110.8         
December ......: 112.2           109.4           112.4           112.1         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons
[Price data source for non-citrus fruit commodities is United States Department of Agriculture's
Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :February 2020 : January 2021 :February 2021 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79            4.68           4.67           4.97   
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59            3.16           3.20           3.50   
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83            4.78           4.82           5.02   
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60           36.20          29.80          33.80   
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10           16.10          18.80          20.40   
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70           16.70          19.00          22.50   
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20           16.80          19.60          23.50   
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40           15.90          18.10          19.30   
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02            3.78           4.24           4.75   
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880           0.606          0.695          0.721   
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00          190.00         209.00         186.00   
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20           10.40          12.00          13.20   
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00          157.00         157.00         163.00   
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00          168.00         171.00         175.00   
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00          140.00         137.00         143.00   
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50           17.60          18.80          19.50   
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42            2.73           2.95           3.11   
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252           0.205          0.205          0.205   
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60            9.90          10.10          10.90   
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70           13.70          13.40          13.70   
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30           12.50          12.40          12.50   
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40           17.90          17.20          17.90   
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70            5.86           9.40          11.10   
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50            8.60          10.90          12.70   
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00           20.40          19.60          21.40   
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44            4.88           5.48           5.83   
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93            4.98           5.55           5.96   
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22            4.96           5.88           6.37   
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33            4.74           5.33           5.62   
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07            4.63           5.41           5.72   
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77            5.71           5.93           6.53   
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38            4.70           5.32           5.61   
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58            5.65           5.71           6.21   
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47            8.95          17.09          11.47   
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30           14.35          20.60          19.28   
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16            9.68          10.75          12.75   
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh 1/                     :                                                           
  Apples ....................dollars/pound:     0.325           0.583          0.723          0.737   
  Grapes ......................dollars/ton:    628.00             (S)       2,280.00            (S)   
  Peaches .....................dollars/ton:    507.00             (S)            (S)            (S)   
  Pears .......................dollars/ton:    559.00        1,200.00       1,290.00       1,290.00   
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00          257.00         245.00         207.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                          
1/  Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                  

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: February 2021 with Comparisons
[Price data source for vegetables, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  :February 2020 : January 2021 :February 2021 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50           (S)             (S)           (S)    
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00         48.40           75.70         54.00    
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60         41.00           56.10         36.90    
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50           (S)             (S)           (S)    
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80         49.70           43.10         42.90    
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00         70.40           43.20         46.30    
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50         33.90          112.00         47.80    
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70         38.20           97.40         77.40    
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70           (S)             (S)           (S)    
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30         20.60           21.80         15.80    
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90         19.30           19.50         19.20    
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30         14.50            9.70          9.70    
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20         84.70           95.40         46.20    
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00        168.00          165.00        167.00    
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00        120.00          110.00        112.00    
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60         65.80           59.70         65.60    
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00        122.00          112.00        115.00    
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00          (NA)        1,360.00          (NA)    
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50         45.50           50.20         56.40    
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80         46.30           50.50         56.40    
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90         26.10           42.50         56.90    
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10         18.90           17.50         17.10    
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71          4.01            4.10          4.10    
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459         0.419           0.432         0.437    
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.969         0.893           0.935         0.961    
  Market 7/ .................dollars/dozen:      0.796         0.640           0.670         0.696    
 Turkeys, live 8/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680         0.644           0.723         0.737    
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979         0.840           0.881         0.891    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101           106             106           108    
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20         19.40           17.60         17.50    
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100            98             100            98    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Beginning February 2020, price reflects FOB shipping point basis                                 
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
8/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2021 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2019    :   2020    :   2021    :   2019    :   2020    :   2021    :   2019    :   2020    :   2021    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   5.28        4.88        5.48        3.56        3.79        4.24        8.64         8.84       10.90   
February ...:   5.33        4.88        5.83        3.60        3.78        4.75        8.52         8.60       12.70   
March ......:   5.19        4.86                    3.61        3.68                    8.52         8.47               
April ......:   4.93        4.85                    3.53        3.29                    8.28         8.35               
May ........:   4.78        4.76                    3.63        3.20                    8.02         8.28               
June .......:   4.81        4.56                    3.98        3.16                    8.31         8.34               
July .......:   4.52        4.54                    4.16        3.21                    8.38         8.50               
August .....:   4.34        4.55                    3.93        3.12                    8.22         8.66               
September ..:   4.26        4.73                    3.80        3.40                    8.35         9.24               
October ....:   4.45        4.98                    3.85        3.61                    8.60         9.63               
November ...:   4.39        5.24                    3.68        3.79                    8.59        10.30               
December ...:   4.64        5.43                    3.71        3.97                    8.70        10.50               
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2021
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2019    :   2020    :   2021    :   2019    :   2020    :   2021    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  121.00      122.00      110.00       44.60       47.80       50.20   
February .:  123.00      120.00      112.00       43.40       45.50       56.40   
March ....:  126.00      113.00                   46.50       47.70               
April ....:  125.00      108.00                   59.40       42.30               
May ......:  120.00      109.00                   62.30       51.00               
June .....:  114.00      109.00                   59.50       41.30               
July .....:  112.00       97.10                   56.60       39.90               
August ...:  111.00      103.00                   58.50       42.90               
September :  103.00      104.00                   47.70       49.70               
October ..:  107.00      106.00                   49.10       56.30               
November .:  113.00      107.00                   48.00       51.90               
December .:  118.00      108.00                   47.30       49.10               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.34                4.85                4.96       
Idaho ..............:        5.28                5.22                5.52       
Illinois ...........:         (D)                5.95                6.18       
Indiana ............:        5.32                5.75                5.93       
Kansas .............:        4.42                5.61                6.08       
Michigan ...........:        5.65                5.73                6.18       
Minnesota ..........:        4.40                5.43                5.70       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        5.82                6.29                7.08       
Montana ............:        4.80                5.31                5.54       
Nebraska ...........:        4.40                5.22                5.65       
North Carolina .....:        5.51                6.46                6.54       
North Dakota .......:        4.72                5.36                5.68       
Ohio ...............:        5.69                5.77                5.87       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.42                5.57                6.03       
Oregon .............:        6.04                6.71                6.87       
South Dakota .......:        4.85                5.33                5.61       
Texas ..............:        5.03                5.91                5.94       
Washington .........:        5.75                5.91                6.34       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.88                5.48                5.83       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                   
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.34                4.85                4.96       
Idaho ..............:        5.24                5.18                5.55       
Illinois ...........:         (D)                5.95                6.18       
Indiana ............:        5.32                5.75                5.93       
Kansas .............:        4.42                5.61                6.08       
Michigan ...........:        5.65                5.73                6.18       
Missouri ...........:        5.82                6.29                7.08       
Montana ............:        4.82                5.30                5.41       
                    :                                                           
Nebraska ...........:        4.40                5.22                5.65       
North Carolina .....:        5.51                6.46                6.54       
North Dakota .......:        3.13                4.99                5.40       
Ohio ...............:        5.69                5.77                5.87       
Oklahoma ...........:        4.42                5.57                6.03       
Oregon .............:        6.04                6.71                6.87       
South Dakota .......:        4.78                5.33                5.66       
Texas ..............:        5.03                5.91                5.94       
Washington .........:        5.72                5.90                6.32       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.98                5.55                5.96       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.72                5.75                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:        4.78                5.87                6.28       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.96                5.88                6.37       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Idaho ..............:       5.34                5.26                5.37        
Minnesota ..........:       4.40                5.43                5.70        
Montana ............:       4.82                5.24                5.53        
North Dakota .......:       4.72                5.30                5.59        
South Dakota .......:       5.00                5.33                5.55        
Washington .........:       5.90                5.97                6.42        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       4.74                5.33                5.62        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Iowa ...............:        3.18                3.75                3.87       
Michigan ...........:         (D)                 (D)                3.45       
Minnesota ..........:        2.64                2.42                2.89       
Montana ............:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                3.75                 (D)       
New York ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:        2.52                2.48                2.72       
Oregon .............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:        4.45                 (D)                 (D)       
South Dakota .......:        2.79                2.72                3.06       
Texas ..............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        3.14                4.07                2.99       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        2.73                2.95                3.11       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        5.06                4.89                4.95       
Idaho ..............:        4.83                4.71                5.12       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                4.31                4.25       
Montana ............:        4.21                4.30                4.68       
North Dakota .......:        4.16                4.55                4.86       
Washington .........:         (D)                5.37                5.16       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.68                4.67                4.97       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        5.08                4.89                4.95       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                4.75                5.13       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.49                4.54                4.72       
North Dakota .......:        4.25                4.89                4.99       
Washington .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.78                4.82                5.02       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (S)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        3.41                2.79                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:         (S)                 (D)                3.71       
Montana ............:        3.01                2.92                3.62       
North Dakota .......:        3.15                3.32                3.51       
Washington .........:        3.12                3.36                3.40       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.16                3.20                3.50       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :  February 2020   :   January 2021   :  February 2021   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Colorado ...............:       3.78               4.54               4.90       
Illinois ...............:       3.71               4.10               4.69       
Indiana ................:       4.04               4.32               4.74       
Iowa ...................:       3.74               4.40               4.87       
Kansas .................:       3.66               4.59               4.94       
Kentucky ...............:       4.16               4.23               4.67       
Michigan ...............:       4.03               4.29               4.89       
Minnesota ..............:       3.58               3.92               4.57       
Missouri ...............:       3.93               4.39               4.77       
Nebraska ...............:       3.71               4.26               4.64       
                        :                                                        
North Carolina .........:       4.63               5.45               5.98       
North Dakota ...........:       3.17               3.99               4.39       
Ohio ...................:       4.14               4.39               4.80       
Pennsylvania ...........:       4.46               5.37               5.69       
South Dakota ...........:       3.52               4.01               4.63       
Tennessee ..............:       3.97               4.58               5.32       
Texas ..................:       4.41               4.85               5.50       
Wisconsin ..............:       3.66               4.12               4.74       
                        :                                                        
United States ..........:       3.78               4.24               4.75       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:       5.59                9.82                11.00       
Nebraska ...........:       5.50                8.65                11.70       
Oklahoma ...........:       5.97                9.17                11.90       
Texas ..............:       6.67                8.15                11.30       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       5.86                9.40                11.10       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:       8.75                11.20               12.90       
Illinois ...........:       8.81                10.60               12.40       
Indiana ............:       9.04                10.90               12.60       
Iowa ...............:       8.56                11.30               12.70       
Kansas .............:       8.31                12.10               12.90       
Kentucky ...........:       9.00                10.80               12.10       
Louisiana ..........:       8.52                10.50               11.60       
Michigan ...........:       8.94                11.80               13.40       
Minnesota ..........:       7.84                11.30               13.10       
Mississippi ........:       8.69                10.80               12.40       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:       8.87                10.80               12.80       
Nebraska ...........:       8.33                10.70               12.50       
North Carolina .....:       8.95                11.80               13.10       
North Dakota .......:       7.83                10.30               12.50       
Ohio ...............:       9.30                11.20               12.40       
South Dakota .......:       8.26                10.70               12.30       
Tennessee ..........:       8.98                10.90               12.30       
Wisconsin ..........:       8.45                10.60               13.00       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       8.60                10.90               12.70       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:       30.30                 (D)                 (D)       
Michigan ...........:       37.60               34.10               41.00       
Minnesota ..........:       36.40               30.50               32.20       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       34.50               27.90               29.40       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       36.20               29.80               33.80       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:       13.60               17.50               17.00       
North Dakota .......:       16.10               18.80               20.50       
Oklahoma ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       16.10               18.80               20.40       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:       10.40               12.00               13.20       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       10.40               12.00               13.20       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States:
February 2021 with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:        0.198               0.190               0.210      
Arkansas ...........:        0.209                 (S)                 (S)      
Florida ............:        0.198               0.199               0.208      
Georgia ............:        0.196               0.201               0.202      
Mississippi ........:        0.188               0.185               0.185      
New Mexico .........:          (S)                 (S)               0.563      
North Carolina .....:        0.214               0.222               0.220      
Oklahoma ...........:        0.231               0.234               0.227      
South Carolina .....:        0.212               0.225               0.218      
Texas ..............:        0.278               0.242               0.232      
Virginia ...........:        0.220               0.216                 (S)      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        0.205               0.205               0.205      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   February 2020   :   January 2021    :   February 2021   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:         (D)               20.80                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:       20.40                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       20.20               19.60               21.80       
South Dakota .......:       21.00               19.10               20.50       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       20.40               19.60               21.40       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: February 2021
with Comparisons
[Cottonseed marketing year August - February]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             Cotton, Upland              :               Cottonseed                
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :  February   :   January   :  February   :  February   :   January   :  February   
                    :    2020     :    2021     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     :    2021     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   -------- dollars per pound --------       --------- dollars per ton --------    
                    :                                                                                   
Alabama ............:     0.613           (D)         0.698       157.00        143.00        128.00    
Arizona ............:       (S)           (D)           (S)       270.00        283.00        258.00    
Arkansas ...........:     0.626           (D)           (D)       150.00           (S)           (S)    
California .........:       (S)           (S)           (S)          (D)        370.00           (S)    
Georgia ............:     0.612         0.757         0.749       116.00        157.00        154.00    
Louisiana ..........:     0.613           (D)         0.717          (S)           (S)           (S)    
Mississippi ........:     0.625           (D)         0.714          (S)           (S)           (S)    
North Carolina .....:     0.640           (D)         0.704       130.00        192.00        233.00    
Tennessee ..........:     0.601           (D)         0.795          (S)           (S)           (S)    
Texas ..............:     0.583         0.650         0.680       151.00        186.00           (S)    
                    :                                                                                   
United States ......:     0.606         0.695         0.721       190.00        209.00        186.00    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclos

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