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USDA - NASS: Crop Production (2020-10-09)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - October 9, 2020


Crop Production 

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Corn Production Down 1 Percent from September Forecast
Soybean Production Down 1 Percent
Cotton Production Down Less Than 1 Percent
Orange Production Down 11 Percent from Last Season

Corn production for grain is forecast at 14.7 billion bushels, down 1 percent 
from the previous forecast but up 8 percent from 2019. Based on conditions as 
of October 1, yields are expected to average a record high 178.4 bushels per 
harvested acre, down 0.1 bushel from the previous forecast but up 
10.9 bushels from last year. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 
82.5 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous forecast, but up 
1 percent from the previous year. Acreage updates were made in several States 
based on a thorough review of all available data.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 4.27 billion bushels, 
down 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 20 percent from last year. 
Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average a record 
high 51.9 bushels per harvested acre, unchanged from the previous forecast 
but up 4.5 bushels from 2019. Area harvested for beans in the United States 
is forecast at 82.3 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous forecast 
but up 10 percent from 2019. Acreage updates were made in several States 
based on a thorough review of all available data.

All cotton production is forecast at 17.0 million 480-pound bales, down less 
than 1 percent from the previous forecast, and down 14 percent from 2019. 
Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 
909 pounds per harvested acre, down 1 pound from the previous forecast but up 
86 pounds from 2019. Upland cotton production is forecast at 16.5 million 
480-pound bales, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 
14 percent from 2019. Pima cotton production is forecast at 545,000 bales, 
down 3 percent from the previous forecast and down 20 percent from 2019. All 
cotton area harvested is forecast at 9.01 million acres, unchanged from the 
previous forecast, but down 22 percent from 2019.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is 
4.65 million tons, down 11 percent from the 2019-2020 final utilization. The 
Florida all orange forecast, at 57.0 million boxes (2.57 million tons), 
down 15 percent from last season's final utilization. In Florida, early, 
midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast at 23.0 million boxes 
(1.04 million tons), down 22 percent from last season's final utilization. 
The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 34.0 million boxes 
(1.53 million tons), is down 10 percent from last season's final utilization.

The California all orange forecast is 50.5 million boxes (2.02 million tons), 
down 5 percent from last season's final utilization. The California Navel 
orange forecast is 42.0 million boxes (1.68 million tons), down 5 percent 
from last season's final utilization. The California Valencia orange forecast 
is 8.50 million boxes (340,000 tons), down 6 percent from last season's final 
utilization. The Texas all orange forecast, at 1.50 million boxes 
(64,000 tons), is up 12 percent from last season's final utilization. 

This report was approved on October 9, 2020.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Bill Northey

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Corn Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 
2019 - 2020........................................................................................................  6

Corn for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020....................................................................................................  7

Corn Production - United States Chart..............................................................................  8

Sorghum Area Planted for All Purpose and Harvested for Grain - States and United States: 2019 and 2020.............  9

Sorghum for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020....................................................................................................  9

Rice Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020......... 10

Rice Production by Class - United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020...................................... 10

Soybeans for Beans Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2019 and 2020............................ 11

Soybeans for Beans Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 12

Soybean Production - United States Chart........................................................................... 13

Sunflower Area Planted and Harvested by Type - States and United States: 2019 and 2020............................. 14

Sunflower Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 15

Peanut Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 16

Canola Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2019 and 2020........................................ 17

Canola Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 17

Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 18

Cottonseed Production - United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020......................................... 19

Cotton Production - United States Chart............................................................................ 19

Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and 
Forecasted October 1, 2020......................................................................................... 20

All Other Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 21

Sugarbeet Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2019 and 2020..................................... 22

Sugarbeet Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 22

Sugarcane for Sugar and Seed Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and 
Forecasted October 1, 2020......................................................................................... 22

Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2019 and 2020............................... 23

Dry Edible Bean Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 23

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 24

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2019 and 
Forecasted October 1, 2020......................................................................................... 25

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and Forecasted 
October 1, 2020.................................................................................................... 26

Pecan Production by Variety - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020........................ 27

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2019 and 2020............ 28

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2019 and 2020.............. 30

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021........................................ 32

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021.......................................... 33

Corn for Grain Plant Population per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020.............................................. 34

Corn for Grain Number of Ears per Acre - Selected States: 2020..................................................... 35

Corn Objective Yield Percent of Samples Processed in the Lab - United States: 2016-2020............................ 35

Soybean Pods with Beans per 18 Square Feet - Selected States: 2020................................................. 36

Soybean Objective Yield Percent of Samples Processed in the Lab - United States: 2016-2020......................... 36

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts - Selected States: 2016-2020......................................................... 37

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map................................................................................ 38

Departure from Normal Temperature Map.............................................................................. 38

September Weather Summary.......................................................................................... 39

September Agricultural Summary..................................................................................... 39

Crop Comments...................................................................................................... 41

Statistical Methodology............................................................................................ 46

Reliability of October 1 Crop Production Forecast.................................................................. 47

Information Contacts............................................................................................... 48

Corn Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and Production -
States and United States: 2019 - 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : Area planted for all purposes :   Area harvested for grain    
        State       :---------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     2019      :     2020      :     2019      :    2020 1/    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                          1,000 acres                          
                    :                                                               
Alabama ............:       320             340             305             325     
Arizona ............:        90              70              37              26     
Arkansas ...........:       770             620             735             605     
California .........:       480             400              60              50     
Colorado ...........:     1,550           1,430           1,300           1,160     
Connecticut 2/ .....:        23              23            (NA)            (NA)     
Delaware ...........:       185             175             180             170     
Florida ............:        95             100              54              56     
Georgia ............:       395             430             350             380     
Idaho ..............:       390             380             150             140     
                    :                                                               
Illinois ...........:    10,500          11,400          10,200          11,200     
Indiana ............:     5,000           5,400           4,820           5,250     
Iowa ...............:    13,500          13,700          13,050          12,700     
Kansas .............:     6,400           6,100           6,020           5,750     
Kentucky ...........:     1,550           1,480           1,450           1,360     
Louisiana ..........:       570             500             545             490     
Maine 2/ ...........:        29              30            (NA)            (NA)     
Maryland ...........:       510             500             460             455     
Massachusetts 2/ ...:        14              14            (NA)            (NA)     
Michigan ...........:     2,000           2,350           1,610           1,980     
                    :                                                               
Minnesota ..........:     7,800           8,000           7,250           7,550     
Mississippi ........:       660             510             620             490     
Missouri ...........:     3,200           3,450           2,990           3,300     
Montana ............:       115             115              60              66     
Nebraska ...........:    10,100          10,200           9,810           9,830     
Nevada 2/ ..........:        15              17            (NA)            (NA)     
New Hampshire 2/ ...:        12              13            (NA)            (NA)     
New Jersey .........:        77              86              68              80     
New Mexico .........:       150             125              48              29     
New York ...........:     1,020           1,050             545             520     
                    :                                                               
North Carolina .....:       990           1,000             930             940     
North Dakota .......:     3,500           1,950           3,130           1,790     
Ohio ...............:     2,800           3,500           2,570           3,300     
Oklahoma ...........:       370             360             330             320     
Oregon .............:        85             100              49              53     
Pennsylvania .......:     1,450           1,470           1,060           1,000     
Rhode Island 2/ ....:         2               2            (NA)            (NA)     
South Carolina .....:       380             400             350             370     
South Dakota .......:     4,350           5,000           3,870           4,560     
Tennessee ..........:       970             870             910             820     
                    :                                                               
Texas ..............:     2,500           2,250           2,150           1,870     
Utah ...............:        85              90              26              28     
Vermont 2/ .........:        81              83            (NA)            (NA)     
Virginia ...........:       540             570             380             410     
Washington .........:       175             180              90             105     
West Virginia ......:        52              50              38              35     
Wisconsin ..........:     3,800           4,000           2,670           2,900     
Wyoming ............:        95              95              67              64     
                    :                                                               
United States ......:    89,745          90,978          81,337          82,527     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                 
1/   Forecasted.                                                                    
2/   Area harvested for grain not estimated.                                        

Corn for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :          Yield per acre          :     Production      
                 :----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :         :         :          :         2020          :          :          
                 :  2019   :  2020   :   2019   :-----------------------:   2019   :   2020   
                 :         :         :          :September 1: October 1 :          :          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    1,000 acres       ---------- bushels ----------    --- 1,000 bushels ---
                 :                                                                            
Alabama .........:    305       325     147.0       163.0       166.0        44,835     53,950
Arkansas ........:    735       605     175.0       181.0       183.0       128,625    110,715
California ......:     60        50     168.0       160.0       155.0        10,080      7,750
Colorado ........:  1,300     1,160     123.0       117.0       125.0       159,900    145,000
Delaware ........:    180       170     161.0       170.0       181.0        28,980     30,770
Georgia .........:    350       380     160.0       181.0       182.0        56,000     69,160
Idaho ...........:    150       140     205.0       205.0       205.0        30,750     28,700
Illinois ........: 10,200    11,200     181.0       203.0       200.0     1,846,200  2,240,000
Indiana .........:  4,820     5,250     169.0       186.0       189.0       814,580    992,250
Iowa ............: 13,050    12,700     198.0       191.0       186.0     2,583,900  2,362,200
                 :                                                                            
Kansas ..........:  6,020     5,750     133.0       136.0       137.0       800,660    787,750
Kentucky ........:  1,450     1,360     169.0       181.0       181.0       245,050    246,160
Louisiana .......:    545       490     165.0       180.0       184.0        89,925     90,160
Maryland ........:    460       455     161.0       163.0       155.0        74,060     70,525
Michigan ........:  1,610     1,980     147.0       162.0       167.0       236,670    330,660
Minnesota .......:  7,250     7,550     173.0       200.0       202.0     1,254,250  1,525,100
Mississippi .....:    620       490     174.0       180.0       181.0       107,880     88,690
Missouri ........:  2,990     3,300     155.0       169.0       169.0       463,450    557,700
Nebraska ........:  9,810     9,830     182.0       188.0       187.0     1,785,420  1,838,210
New York ........:    545       520     158.0       167.0       167.0        86,110     86,840
                 :                                                                            
North Carolina ..:    930       940     111.0       127.0       117.0       103,230    109,980
North Dakota ....:  3,130     1,790     131.0       157.0       160.0       410,030    286,400
Ohio ............:  2,570     3,300     164.0       172.0       173.0       421,480    570,900
Oklahoma ........:    330       320     137.0       135.0       135.0        45,210     43,200
Pennsylvania ....:  1,060     1,000     153.0       153.0       157.0       162,180    157,000
South Carolina ..:    350       370     106.0       136.0       136.0        37,100     50,320
South Dakota ....:  3,870     4,560     144.0       168.0       165.0       557,280    752,400
Tennessee .......:    910       820     177.0       174.0       169.0       161,070    138,580
Texas ...........:  2,150     1,870     133.0       138.0       139.0       285,950    259,930
Virginia ........:    380       410     144.0       132.0       136.0        54,720     55,760
Washington ......:     90       105     237.0       240.0       240.0        21,330     25,200
Wisconsin .......:  2,670     2,900     166.0       182.0       186.0       443,220    539,400
                 :                                                                            
Other States 1/ .:    447       437     156.2       159.3       161.0        69,803     70,345
                 :                                                                            
United States ...: 81,337    82,527     167.5       178.5       178.4    13,619,928 14,721,705
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Arizona, Florida, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, West 
   Virginia, and Wyoming. Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Crop     
   Production 2020 Summary."                                                                  

Sorghum Area Planted for All Purpose and Harvested for Grain - States and United States:
2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2019       :      2020       :      2019       :     2020 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Colorado .........:        365               375               310               300      
Kansas ...........:      2,600             3,000             2,400             2,760      
Nebraska .........:        200               195               130               135      
Oklahoma .........:        300               310               260               255      
South Dakota .....:        250               210               175               100      
Texas ............:      1,550             1,700             1,400             1,450      
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:      5,265             5,790             4,675             5,000      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                            

Sorghum for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   Area harvested    :          Yield per acre          :     Production      
                    :------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :          :          :          :         2020          :          :          
                    :   2019   :   2020   :   2019   :-----------------------:   2019   :   2020   
                    :          :          :          :September 1: October 1 :          :          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     1,000 acres         --------- bushels ---------         1,000 bushels    
                    :                                                                              
Colorado ...........:    310        300       41.0       36.0        40.0       12,710     12,000  
Kansas .............:  2,400      2,760       85.0       85.0        86.0      204,000    237,360  
Nebraska ...........:    130        135       93.0       93.0        89.0       12,090     12,015  
Oklahoma ...........:    260        255       51.0       44.0        42.0       13,260     10,710  
South Dakota .......:    175        100       80.0       86.0        86.0       14,000      8,600  
Texas ..............:  1,400      1,450       61.0       66.0        62.0       85,400     89,900  
                    :                                                                              
United States ......:  4,675      5,000       73.0       73.9        74.1      341,460    370,585  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rice Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted
October 1, 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   Area harvested    :            Yield per acre            :    Production 1/    
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State    :          :          :            :          2020           :          :          
              :   2019   :   2020   :    2019    :-------------------------:   2019   :   2020   
              :          :          :            :September 1 : October 1  :          :          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :     1,000 acres         ------------ pounds -----------      ---- 1,000 cwt ---  
              :                                                                                  
Arkansas .....:  1,126      1,441       7,480        7,500        7,500       84,257    108,075  
California ...:    496        510       8,450        8,700        8,800       41,933     44,880  
Louisiana ....:    414        474       6,380        6,800        6,800       26,408     32,232  
Mississippi ..:    113        170       7,350        7,400        7,400        8,302     12,580  
Missouri .....:    173        215       7,370        7,500        7,900       12,747     16,985  
Texas ........:    150        181       7,350        6,500        6,400       11,028     11,584  
              :                                                                                  
United States :  2,472      2,991       7,471        7,529        7,567      184,675    226,336  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes sweet rice production.                                                               

Rice Production by Class - United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                :                :                :                
    Year    :   Long grain   :  Medium grain  : Short grain 1/ :      All       
            :                :                :                :                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                             1,000 cwt                             
            :                                                                   
2019 .......:    125,610           56,669           2,396           184,675     
2020 2/ ....:    169,962           53,666           2,708           226,336     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Sweet rice production included with short grain.                             
2/ The 2020 rice production by class forecasts are based on class harvested     
   acreage estimates and the 5-year average class yield compared to the all rice
   yield.                                                                       

Soybeans for Beans Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2019       :      2020       :      2019       :     2020 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Alabama ..........:        265               280               260               275      
Arkansas .........:      2,650             2,820             2,610             2,780      
Delaware .........:        155               150               153               148      
Georgia ..........:        100               100                86                93      
Illinois .........:      9,950            10,300             9,860            10,250      
Indiana ..........:      5,400             5,700             5,360             5,680      
Iowa .............:      9,200             9,400             9,120             9,320      
Kansas ...........:      4,550             4,800             4,490             4,750      
Kentucky .........:      1,700             1,850             1,690             1,840      
Louisiana ........:        890             1,050               860             1,020      
                  :                                                                       
Maryland .........:        480               490               475               485      
Michigan .........:      1,760             2,200             1,720             2,190      
Minnesota ........:      6,850             7,400             6,770             7,330      
Mississippi ......:      1,660             2,090             1,630             2,060      
Missouri .........:      5,100             5,850             5,010             5,780      
Nebraska .........:      4,900             5,200             4,840             5,150      
New Jersey .......:         95                95                92                93      
New York .........:        235               310               225               300      
North Carolina ...:      1,540             1,600             1,520             1,570      
North Dakota .....:      5,600             5,750             5,400             5,700      
                  :                                                                       
Ohio .............:      4,300             4,900             4,270             4,880      
Oklahoma .........:        465               560               440               530      
Pennsylvania .....:        620               610               610               605      
South Carolina ...:        335               310               315               295      
South Dakota .....:      3,500             4,950             3,440             4,900      
Tennessee ........:      1,400             1,650             1,370             1,620      
Texas ............:         80               120                73               105      
Virginia .........:        570               570               560               560      
Wisconsin ........:      1,750             2,000             1,690             1,980      
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:     76,100            83,105            74,939            82,289      
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                            

Soybeans for Beans Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019
and Forecasted October 1, 2020
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre          :    Production     
                 :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :         :         :         :         2020          :         :         
                 :  2019   :  2020   :  2019   :-----------------------:  2019   :  2020   
                 :         :         :         :September 1: October 1 :         :         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    1,000 acres       --------- bushels ---------     -- 1,000 bushels --
                 :                                                                         
Alabama .........:    260       275     36.0       38.0        41.0         9,360    11,275
Arkansas ........:  2,610     2,780     49.0       49.0        49.0       127,890   136,220
Delaware ........:    153       148     47.0       47.0        47.0         7,191     6,956
Georgia .........:     86        93     29.0       40.0        39.0         2,494     3,627
Illinois ........:  9,860    10,250     54.0       62.0        60.0       532,440   615,000
Indiana .........:  5,360     5,680     51.0       60.0        60.0       273,360   340,800
Iowa ............:  9,120     9,320     55.0       54.0        56.0       501,600   521,920
Kansas ..........:  4,490     4,750     41.5       44.0        44.0       186,335   209,000
Kentucky ........:  1,690     1,840     46.0       55.0        55.0        77,740   101,200
Louisiana .......:    860     1,020     48.0       55.0        55.0        41,280    56,100
                 :                                                                         
Maryland ........:    475       485     44.0       49.0        48.0        20,900    23,280
Michigan ........:  1,720     2,190     40.5       48.0        48.0        69,660   105,120
Minnesota .......:  6,770     7,330     44.0       52.0        52.0       297,880   381,160
Mississippi .....:  1,630     2,060     50.0       53.0        53.0        81,500   109,180
Missouri ........:  5,010     5,780     46.0       51.0        50.0       230,460   289,000
Nebraska ........:  4,840     5,150     58.5       60.0        60.0       283,140   309,000
New Jersey ......:     92        93     37.0       41.0        39.0         3,404     3,627
New York ........:    225       300     48.0       49.0        50.0        10,800    15,000
North Carolina ..:  1,520     1,570     35.0       38.0        38.0        53,200    59,660
North Dakota ....:  5,400     5,700     31.5       36.0        34.0       170,100   193,800
                 :                                                                         
Ohio ............:  4,270     4,880     49.0       56.0        56.0       209,230   273,280
Oklahoma ........:    440       530     29.0       30.0        29.0        12,760    15,370
Pennsylvania ....:    610       605     49.0       49.0        49.0        29,890    29,645
South Carolina ..:    315       295     26.0       30.0        32.0         8,190     9,440
South Dakota ....:  3,440     4,900     42.5       48.0        48.0       146,200   235,200
Tennessee .......:  1,370     1,620     47.0       50.0        48.0        64,390    77,760
Texas ...........:     73       105     28.0       37.0        42.0         2,044     4,410
Virginia ........:    560       560     34.0       39.0        41.0        19,040    22,960
Wisconsin .......:  1,690     1,980     47.0       54.0        55.0        79,430   108,900
                 :                                                                         
United States ...: 74,939    82,289     47.4       51.9        51.9     3,551,908 4,267,890
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sunflower Area Planted and Harvested by Type - States and United States: 2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Varietal type  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
     and State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2019       :      2020       :      2019       :     2020 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Oil               :                                                                       
California .......:        49.0              41.0              49.0              40.5     
Colorado .........:        47.0              41.0              44.0              37.0     
Kansas ...........:        37.0              54.0              35.0              51.0     
Minnesota ........:        53.0              68.0              51.0              66.0     
Nebraska .........:        28.0              40.0              26.0              38.0     
North Dakota .....:       470.0             640.0             440.0             620.0     
South Dakota .....:       485.0             570.0             460.0             545.0     
Texas ............:        28.0              29.0              26.0              27.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:     1,197.0           1,483.0           1,131.0           1,424.5     
                  :                                                                       
Non-oil           :                                                                       
California .......:         1.6               2.0               1.6               2.0     
Colorado .........:        12.0              18.0              11.0              16.0     
Kansas ...........:         8.0              20.0               7.3              18.0     
Minnesota ........:         5.0               5.5               4.6               5.0     
Nebraska .........:         9.0              10.0               8.5               9.0     
North Dakota .....:        65.0              80.0              54.0              76.0     
South Dakota .....:        48.0              52.0              31.0              48.0     
Texas ............:         5.0              28.0               4.5              24.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:       153.6             215.5             122.5             198.0     
                  :                                                                       
All               :                                                                       
California .......:        50.6              43.0              50.6              42.5     
Colorado .........:        59.0              59.0              55.0              53.0     
Kansas ...........:        45.0              74.0              42.3              69.0     
Minnesota ........:        58.0              73.5              55.6              71.0     
Nebraska .........:        37.0              50.0              34.5              47.0     
North Dakota .....:       535.0             720.0             494.0             696.0     
South Dakota .....:       533.0             622.0             491.0             593.0     
Texas ............:        33.0              57.0              30.5              51.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:     1,350.6           1,698.5           1,253.5           1,622.5     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                            

Sunflower Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States:
2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Varietal type :    Area harvested     :    Yield per acre     :      Production       
    and State   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :  2020 1/  :   2019    :  2020 1/  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  --- 1,000 acres ---      ----- pounds ----     ---- 1,000 pounds --- 
                :                                                                       
Oil             :                                                                       
California .....:     49.0        40.5      1,400                    68,600             
Colorado .......:     44.0        37.0      1,000                    44,000             
Kansas .........:     35.0        51.0      1,400                    49,000             
Minnesota ......:     51.0        66.0      1,850                    94,350             
Nebraska .......:     26.0        38.0      1,300                    33,800             
North Dakota ...:    440.0       620.0      1,500                   660,000             
South Dakota ...:    460.0       545.0      1,700                   782,000             
Texas ..........:     26.0        27.0      1,300                    33,800             
                :                                                                       
United States ..:  1,131.0     1,424.5      1,561                 1,765,550             
                :                                                                       
Non-oil         :                                                                       
California .....:      1.6         2.0      1,300                     2,080             
Colorado .......:     11.0        16.0      1,400                    15,400             
Kansas .........:      7.3        18.0      1,250                     9,125             
Minnesota ......:      4.6         5.0      1,800                     8,280             
Nebraska .......:      8.5         9.0      1,300                    11,050             
North Dakota ...:     54.0        76.0      1,650                    89,100             
South Dakota ...:     31.0        48.0      1,600                    49,600             
Texas ..........:      4.5        24.0      1,300                     5,850             
                :                                                                       
United States ..:    122.5       198.0      1,555                   190,485             
                :                                                                       
All             :                                                                       
California .....:     50.6        42.5      1,397       1,334        70,680      56,675 
Colorado .......:     55.0        53.0      1,080       1,221        59,400      64,700 
Kansas .........:     42.3        69.0      1,374       1,467        58,125     101,250 
Minnesota ......:     55.6        71.0      1,846       1,696       102,630     120,450 
Nebraska .......:     34.5        47.0      1,300       1,450        44,850      68,140 
North Dakota ...:    494.0       696.0      1,516       1,761       749,100   1,225,600 
South Dakota ...:    491.0       593.0      1,694       1,867       831,600   1,107,300 
Texas ..........:     30.5        51.0      1,300       1,235        39,650      63,000 
                :                                                                       
United States ..:  1,253.5     1,622.5      1,560       1,730     1,956,035   2,807,115 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ 2020 yield and production estimates for oil and non-oil varieties will be published  
   in the "Crop Production 2020 Summary."                                               

Peanut Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :         Area planted          :        Area harvested         
      State     :---------------------------------------------------------------
                :     2019      :     2020      :     2019      :     2020      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          1,000 acres                          
                :                                                               
Alabama ........:      160.0           185.0           156.0           182.0    
Arkansas .......:       34.0            40.0            33.0            39.0    
Florida ........:      165.0           175.0           155.0           165.0    
Georgia ........:      675.0           810.0           660.0           800.0    
Mississippi ....:       20.0            23.0            19.0            22.0    
New Mexico .....:        4.7             6.2             4.7             6.2    
North Carolina .:      104.0           107.0           102.0           105.0    
Oklahoma .......:       15.0            16.0            14.0            15.0    
South Carolina .:       65.0            85.0            62.0            82.0    
Texas ..........:      165.0           190.0           160.0           180.0    
Virginia .......:       25.0            28.0            24.0            27.0    
                :                                                               
United States ..:    1,432.7         1,665.2         1,389.7         1,623.2    

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :           Yield per acre            :       Production        
      State     :---------------------------------------------------------------
                :           :          2020           :            :            
                :   2019    :-------------------------:    2019    :    2020    
                :           :September 1 : October 1  :            :            
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   ----------- pounds -----------      ---- 1,000 pounds ----  
                :                                                               
Alabama ........:   3,350       4,100        3,900        522,600      709,800  
Arkansas .......:   5,200       4,900        4,900        171,600      191,100  
Florida ........:   3,800       4,200        4,000        589,000      660,000  
Georgia ........:   4,170       4,500        4,500      2,752,200    3,600,000  
Mississippi ....:   4,000       4,500        4,500         76,000       99,000  
New Mexico .....:   3,210       3,100        3,100         15,087       19,220  
North Carolina .:   4,400       4,200        4,300        448,800      451,500  
Oklahoma .......:   4,000       3,600        3,600         56,000       54,000  
South Carolina .:   3,800       3,800        3,800        235,600      311,600  
Texas ..........:   3,050       2,900        2,700        488,000      486,000  
Virginia .......:   4,650       4,300        4,200        111,600      113,400  
                :                                                               
United States ..:   3,934       4,185        4,125      5,466,487    6,695,620  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Canola Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2019       :      2020       :      2019       :     2020 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Kansas ...........:        29.0               5.0              19.0               3.0     
Minnesota ........:        51.0              50.0              48.5              48.0     
Montana ..........:       150.0             155.0             138.0             145.0     
North Dakota .....:     1,700.0           1,540.0           1,610.0           1,520.0     
Oklahoma .........:        35.0              12.0              21.0               8.0     
Washington .......:        75.0              90.0              73.0              88.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:     2,040.0           1,852.0           1,909.5           1,812.0     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                            

Canola Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State    :    Area harvested     :    Yield per acre     :      Production       
              :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  --- 1,000 acres ---      ----- pounds ----     ---- 1,000 pounds --- 
              :                                                                       
Kansas .......:     19.0         3.0      1,090       1,910        20,710       5,730 
Minnesota ....:     48.5        48.0      2,270       1,400       110,095      67,200 
Montana ......:    138.0       145.0      1,450       1,500       200,100     217,500 
North Dakota .:  1,610.0     1,520.0      1,800       1,770     2,898,000   2,690,400 
Oklahoma .....:     21.0         8.0      1,410       1,530        29,610      12,240 
Washington ...:     73.0        88.0      1,950       2,200       142,350     193,600 
              :                                                                       
United States :  1,909.5     1,812.0      1,781       1,759     3,400,865   3,186,670 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2019 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre         :    Production 1/    
                 :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Type and State :         :         :        :         2020          :          :          
                 :  2019   :  2020   :  2019  :-----------------------:   2019   :   2020   
                 :         :         :        :September 1: October 1 :          :          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :--- 1,000 acres --   ---------- pounds ----------        1,000 bales 2/   
                 :                                                                          
Upland           :                                                                          
Alabama .........:   532.0     445.0     928        976         960      1,028.0      890.0 
Arizona .........:   158.0     123.0   1,154      1,366       1,366        380.0      350.0 
Arkansas ........:   610.0     520.0   1,185      1,200       1,200      1,506.0    1,300.0 
California ......:    53.0      40.0   1,576      1,620       1,620        174.0      135.0 
Florida .........:   110.0      98.0     895        882         833        205.0      170.0 
Georgia .........: 1,380.0   1,190.0     953        932         968      2,740.0    2,400.0 
Kansas ..........:   151.0     195.0     890        788         788        280.0      320.0 
Louisiana .......:   270.0     165.0   1,035      1,105       1,047        582.0      360.0 
Mississippi .....:   700.0     525.0   1,112      1,179       1,198      1,621.0    1,310.0 
Missouri ........:   368.0     287.0   1,193      1,204       1,171        915.0      700.0 
                 :                                                                          
New Mexico ......:    45.0      35.0     821      1,029         891         77.0       65.0 
North Carolina ..:   500.0     340.0     998        847         833      1,040.0      590.0 
Oklahoma ........:   460.0     460.0     688        939         762        659.0      730.0 
South Carolina ..:   295.0     185.0     809        856         804        497.0      310.0 
Tennessee .......:   405.0     275.0   1,138      1,135       1,065        960.0      610.0 
Texas ...........: 5,250.0   3,850.0     578        736         761      6,320.0    6,100.0 
Virginia ........:   102.0      79.0   1,144        972         972        243.0      160.0 
                 :                                                                          
United States ...:11,389.0   8,812.0     810        899         899     19,227.0   16,500.0 
                 :                                                                          
American Pima    :                                                                          
Arizona .........:     7.5       6.5     800      1,108       1,108         12.5       15.0 
California ......:   201.0     146.0   1,545      1,529       1,463        647.0      445.0 
New Mexico ......:     5.0      10.8     864        889       1,111          9.0       25.0 
Texas ...........:    10.0      30.0     816        944         960         17.0       60.0 
                 :                                                                          
United States ...:   223.5     193.3   1,472      1,388       1,353        685.5      545.0 
                 :                                                                          
All              :                                                                          
Alabama .........:   532.0     445.0     928        976         960      1,028.0      890.0 
Arizona .........:   165.5     129.5   1,138      1,353       1,353        392.5      365.0 
Arkansas ........:   610.0     520.0   1,185      1,200       1,200      1,506.0    1,300.0 
California ......:   254.0     186.0   1,551      1,548       1,497        821.0      580.0 
Florida .........:   110.0      98.0     895        882         833        205.0      170.0 
Georgia .........: 1,380.0   1,190.0     953        932         968      2,740.0    2,400.0 
Kansas ..........:   151.0     195.0     890        788         788        280.0      320.0 
Louisiana .......:   270.0     165.0   1,035      1,105       1,047        582.0      360.0 
Mississippi .....:   700.0     525.0   1,112      1,179       1,198      1,621.0    1,310.0 
Missouri ........:   368.0     287.0   1,193      1,204       1,171        915.0      700.0 
                 :                                                                          
New Mexico ......:    50.0      45.8     826        996         943         86.0       90.0 
North Carolina ..:   500.0     340.0     998        847         833      1,040.0      590.0 
Oklahoma ........:   460.0     460.0     688        939         762        659.0      730.0 
South Carolina ..:   295.0     185.0     809        856         804        497.0      310.0 
Tennessee .......:   405.0     275.0   1,138      1,135       1,065        960.0      610.0 
Texas ...........: 5,260.0   3,880.0     578        737         762      6,337.0    6,160.0 
Virginia ........:   102.0      79.0   1,144        972         972        243.0      160.0 
                 :                                                                          
United States ...:11,612.5   9,005.3     823        910         909     19,912.5   17,045.0 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.                                                      
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.                                                               

Cottonseed Production - United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        Production                         
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :            2019             :           2020 1/           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        1,000 tons                         
                 :                                                           
United States ...:           5,945.0                       5,213.0           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio.                                

Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :     Area harvested      :     Yield per acre      :       Production        
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    2019    :    2020    :    2019    :    2020    :    2019    :    2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   --- 1,000 acres ---        ------ tons -----        ---- 1,000 tons ---   
                :                                                                             
Arizona ........:      280          270        8.30         8.60         2,324        2,322   
California .....:      580          435        7.10         6.70         4,118        2,915   
Colorado .......:      730          710        3.70         3.50         2,701        2,485   
Idaho ..........:    1,010        1,010        4.40         4.40         4,444        4,444   
Illinois .......:      200          240        3.50         3.20           700          768   
Indiana ........:      220          220        3.00         3.20           660          704   
Iowa ...........:      700          730        3.40         3.70         2,380        2,701   
Kansas .........:      630          530        4.00         3.20         2,520        1,696   
Kentucky .......:      145          140        3.20         3.00           464          420   
Michigan .......:      550          550        2.50         2.50         1,375        1,375   
                :                                                                             
Minnesota ......:      730          740        3.10         3.20         2,263        2,368   
Missouri .......:      260          230        2.70         2.80           702          644   
Montana ........:    2,100        1,900        2.15         2.40         4,515        4,560   
Nebraska .......:      950          970        3.80         3.90         3,610        3,783   
Nevada .........:      225          175        4.90         4.60         1,103          805   
New Mexico .....:      160          155        4.90         4.40           784          682   
New York .......:      290          280        2.20         2.00           638          560   
North Dakota ...:    1,220        1,450        1.80         1.60         2,196        2,320   
Ohio ...........:      330          320        2.90         2.70           957          864   
Oklahoma .......:      205          220        3.00         3.00           615          660   
                :                                                                             
Oregon .........:      400          370        4.70         4.80         1,880        1,776   
Pennsylvania ...:      290          295        3.00         3.10           870          915   
South Dakota ...:    1,900        1,850        2.35         2.20         4,465        4,070   
Texas ..........:      120          110        4.80         3.90           576          429   
Utah ...........:      510          520        4.30         4.10         2,193        2,132   
Virginia .......:       45           40        3.00         3.40           135          136   
Washington .....:      330          400        4.60         4.60         1,518        1,840   
Wisconsin ......:      880          740        2.40         2.80         2,112        2,072   
Wyoming ........:      620          610        2.70         2.90         1,674        1,769   
                :                                                                             
Other States 1/ :      133          142        2.88         2.89           383          410   
                :                                                                             
United States ..:   16,743       16,352        3.28         3.22        54,875       52,625   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New  
   Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, and West Virginia.
   Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Crop Production 2020 Summary."  

All Other Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2019 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    Area harvested     :    Yield per acre     :      Production       
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  --- 1,000 acres --       ----- tons -----       --- 1,000 tons ---   
                 :                                                                       
Alabama 1/ ......:     700         720       2.50        3.00        1,750       2,160   
Arkansas ........:   1,250       1,340       2.20        1.90        2,750       2,546   
California ......:     430         390       3.90        4.20        1,677       1,638   
Colorado ........:     730         700       1.85        1.70        1,351       1,190   
Georgia 1/ ......:     560         610       2.75        3.00        1,540       1,830   
Idaho ...........:     290         290       2.30        2.60          667         754   
Illinois ........:     220         250       2.00        2.40          440         600   
Indiana .........:     300         280       2.10        2.00          630         560   
Iowa ............:     320         330       2.30        2.60          736         858   
Kansas ..........:   1,650       2,200       2.30        1.80        3,795       3,960   
                 :                                                                       
Kentucky ........:   1,800       1,800       2.20        2.70        3,960       4,860   
Louisiana

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