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USDA - NASS: Crop Production (2021-05-12)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - May 12, 2021


Crop Production 

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released May 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Winter Wheat Production Up 10 Percent from 2020
Orange Production Unchanged from April Forecast

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.28 billion bushels, up 10 percent 
from 2020. As of May 1, the United States yield is forecast at 52.1 bushels 
per acre, up 1.2 bushels from last year's average yield of 50.9 bushels per 
acre. Area expected to be harvested for grain is forecast at 24.6 million 
acres, up 7 percent from last year.

Hard Red Winter production, at 731 million bushels, is up 11 percent from a 
year ago. Soft Red Winter, at 332 million bushels, is up 25 percent from 
2020. White Winter, at 220 million bushels, is down 10 percent from last 
year. Of the White Winter production, 14.2 million bushels are Hard White and 
206 million bushels are Soft White.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is 
4.45 million tons, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 15 percent 
from the 2019-2020 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at 
51.7 million boxes (2.33 million tons), is unchanged from the previous 
forecast but down 23 percent from last season's final utilization. In 
Florida, early, midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast at 
22.7 million boxes (1.02 million tons), unchanged from the previous forecast 
but down 23 percent from last season's final utilization. The Florida 
Valencia orange forecast, at 29.0 million boxes (1.31 million tons), is 
unchanged from the previous forecast but down 23 percent from last season's 
final utilization. California and Texas orange production forecasts were 
carried forward from the previous forecast.

This report was approved on May 12, 2021.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Seth Meyer

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted 
May 1, 2021..............................................................................................  5

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted 
May 1, 2021..............................................................................................  6

Wheat Production by Class - United States: 2020 and Forecasted May 1, 2021...............................  6

Hay Stocks on Farms - States and United States: December 1 and May 1, 2019-2021..........................  7

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and Forecasted 
May 1, 2021..............................................................................................  8

Peach Production by Type - California: 2020 and Forecasted May 1, 2021...................................  9

Almonds Production - State and United States: 2020 and Forecasted May 1, 2021............................  9

Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type - States and United States: 2019 and 2020.............. 10

Cotton Production and Bales Ginned by Type - States and United States: 2019 and 2020..................... 11

Cottonseed Production and Farm Disposition - States and United States: 2019 and 2020..................... 12

Cotton Harvest Loss per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020................................................ 12

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts - Selected States: 2016-2020............................................... 13

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021.. 14

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021.... 16

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021.............................. 18

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021................................ 19

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map...................................................................... 20

Departure from Normal Temperature Map.................................................................... 20

April Weather Summary.................................................................................... 21

April Agricultural Summary............................................................................... 21

Crop Comments............................................................................................ 23

Statistical Methodology.................................................................................. 25

Reliability of May 1 Crop Production Forecasts........................................................... 26

Information Contacts..................................................................................... 27
 
This page intentionally left blank.

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2020 and Forecasted May 1, 2021
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   Area harvested    : Yield per acre  :     Production      
       State       :-------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2020   :   2021   :  2020  :  2021  :   2020   :   2021   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :  -- 1,000 acres --    --- bushels --   --- 1,000 bushels -- 
                   :                                                             
Arkansas ..........:      75        120     55.0     50.0       4,125      6,000 
California ........:      80         70     75.0     75.0       6,000      5,250 
Colorado ..........:   1,520      1,700     27.0     34.0      41,040     57,800 
Idaho .............:     660        680    101.0     95.0      66,660     64,600 
Illinois ..........:     520        650     68.0     74.0      35,360     48,100 
Indiana ...........:     250        300     70.0     74.0      17,500     22,200 
Kansas ............:   6,250      6,900     45.0     48.0     281,250    331,200 
Kentucky ..........:     340        365     63.0     75.0      21,420     27,375 
Maryland ..........:     150        155     73.0     73.0      10,950     11,315 
Michigan ..........:     450        520     75.0     82.0      33,750     42,640 
                   :                                                             
Mississippi .......:      20         60     48.0     52.0         960      3,120 
Missouri ..........:     370        480     62.0     68.0      22,940     32,640 
Montana ...........:   1,490      1,650     51.0     49.0      75,990     80,850 
Nebraska ..........:     830        780     41.0     47.0      34,030     36,660 
North Carolina ....:     350        360     60.0     53.0      21,000     19,080 
North Dakota ......:      33         55     49.0     40.0       1,617      2,200 
Ohio ..............:     490        530     71.0     75.0      34,790     39,750 
Oklahoma ..........:   2,600      2,700     40.0     40.0     104,000    108,000 
Oregon ............:     725        705     64.0     56.0      46,400     39,480 
South Dakota ......:     600        630     58.0     54.0      34,800     34,020 
                   :                                                             
Tennessee .........:     230        320     59.0     70.0      13,570     22,400 
Texas .............:   2,050      1,900     30.0     32.0      61,500     60,800 
Virginia ..........:     130        130     60.0     62.0       7,800      8,060 
Washington ........:   1,750      1,690     76.0     64.0     133,000    108,160 
Wisconsin .........:     125        220     69.0     70.0       8,625     15,400 
                   :                                                             
Other States 1/ ...:     936        942     55.5     59.3      51,945     55,825 
                   :                                                             
United States .....:  23,024     24,612     50.9     52.1   1,171,022  1,282,925 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, New Mexico,      
   New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, and Wyoming. Individual State   
   level estimates will be published in the "Small Grains 2021 Summary" report.  

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2020 and Forecasted May 1, 2021
[Area harvested for the United States and remaining States will be published in
the "Acreage" report released June 2021. Yield and production will be published
in the "Crop Production" report released July 2021. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   Area harvested    : Yield per acre  :     Production      
       State       :-------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2020   :   2021   :  2020  :  2021  :   2020   :   2021   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :    1,000 acres         -- bushels --       1,000 bushels    
                   :                                                             
Arizona ...........:     43        44       99.0    100.0      4,257     4,400   
California ........:     20        20       87.0     91.0      1,740     1,820   
Idaho .............:      9                 89.0                 801             
Montana ...........:    685                 39.0              26,715             
North Dakota ......:    905                 39.0              35,295             
                   :                                                             
United States .....:  1,662                 41.4              68,808             
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Wheat Production by Class - United States: 2020 and Forecasted May 1, 2021
[Wheat class estimates are based on the latest available data including both
surveys and administrative data. The previous end-of-year season class
percentages are used throughout the forecast season for States that do not have
survey or administrative data available. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Crop       :             2020             :             2021             
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                        1,000 bushels                        
                   :                                                             
Winter             :                                                             
Hard red ..........:            658,640                       730,833            
Soft red ..........:            266,235                       331,594            
Hard white ........:             12,179                        14,239            
Soft white ........:            233,968                       206,259            
                   :                                                             
Spring             :                                                             
Hard red ..........:            530,152                                          
Hard white ........:             10,687                                          
Soft white ........:             45,151                                          
Durum .............:             68,808                                          
                   :                                                             
Total ..........   :          1,825,820                                          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hay Stocks on Farms - States and United States: December 1
and May 1, 2019-2021
-------------------------------------------------------------
               :      December 1       :        May 1        
     State     :---------------------------------------------
               :   2019    :   2020    :   2020   :   2021   
-------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 1,000 tons                  
               :                                             
Alabama .......:   1,100       1,800         120        300  
Arizona .......:     280         300          45         20  
Arkansas ......:   2,000       1,800         340        240  
California ....:   1,350       1,640         420        220  
Colorado ......:   2,000       1,700         410        230  
Connecticut ...:      43          30           8          6  
Delaware ......:      16          10           2          2  
Florida .......:     540         520          80         60  
Georgia .......:   1,110       1,210         170        290  
Idaho .........:   2,400       2,500         490        410  
               :                                             
Illinois ......:     750       1,000         220        270  
Indiana .......:     730         800         140        150  
Iowa ..........:   2,180       2,430         510        430  
Kansas ........:   5,300       5,000       1,420        910  
Kentucky ......:   3,000       3,825         625        950  
Louisiana .....:     660         660         120        160  
Maine .........:     115         150          30         21  
Maryland ......:     315         290          60         57  
Massachusetts .:      55          60           8          9  
Michigan ......:     930         900         220        190  
               :                                             
Minnesota .....:   1,690       2,240         360        400  
Mississippi ...:     960       1,050         130        170  
Missouri ......:   6,900       6,000       1,410      1,000  
Montana .......:   5,100       4,800       1,040        970  
Nebraska ......:   4,200       4,200       1,380      1,000  
Nevada ........:     935         400          80         90  
New Hampshire .:      30          36           7          5  
New Jersey ....:      70          90          29         10  
New Mexico ....:     330         210          50         40  
New York ......:   1,600       1,000         350        290  
               :                                             
North Carolina :   1,300       1,120         180        190  
North Dakota ..:   4,200       3,700       1,290        950  
Ohio ..........:   1,250       1,300         220        210  
Oklahoma ......:   4,200       4,100       1,350      1,150  
Oregon ........:   1,900       1,600         400        290  
Pennsylvania ..:   1,650       1,410         350        275  
Rhode Island ..:       4           4           1          1  
South Carolina :     360         400          75        125  
South Dakota ..:   6,250       5,800       2,350      2,200  
Tennessee .....:   2,900       2,930         425        570  
               :                                             
Texas .........:   5,600       6,400       1,950      1,200  
Utah ..........:   1,300       1,250         300        170  
Vermont .......:     165         145          36         35  
Virginia ......:   1,800       2,050         310        480  
Washington ....:   1,050       1,100         160        220  
West Virginia .:     660         770          95        145  
Wisconsin .....:   1,770       1,790         310        570  
Wyoming .......:   1,440       1,500         350        325  
               :                                             
United States .:  84,488      84,020      20,426     18,006  
-------------------------------------------------------------

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and
Forecasted May 1, 2021
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of
harvest the following year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :   Utilized production boxes 1/    :Utilized production ton equivalent 
       Crop and State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :    2019-2020    :    2020-2021    :    2019-2020    :    2020-2021    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :     ------ 1,000 boxes ------            ------ 1,000 tons -----      
Oranges                     :                                                                       
California, all 2/ .........:      54,100            52,000            2,164             2,080      
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/ ..:      43,300            42,000            1,732             1,680      
 Valencia ..................:      10,800            10,000              432               400      
                            :                                                                       
Florida, all ...............:      67,400            51,700            3,033             2,327      
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/ ..:      29,650            22,700            1,334             1,022      
 Valencia ..................:      37,750            29,000            1,699             1,305      
                            :                                                                       
Texas, all 2/ ..............:       1,340             1,050               57                45      
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/ ..:       1,150             1,000               49                43      
 Valencia ..................:         190                50                8                 2      
                            :                                                                       
United States, all .........:     122,840           104,750            5,254             4,452      
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/ ..:      74,100            65,700            3,115             2,745      
 Valencia ..................:      48,740            39,050            2,139             1,707      
                            :                                                                       
Grapefruit                  :                                                                       
California 2/ ..............:       4,700             4,200              188               168      
Florida, all ...............:       4,850             4,200              207               179      
 Red 4/ ....................:       4,060              (NA)              173              (NA)      
 White 4/ ..................:         790              (NA)               34              (NA)      
Texas 2/ ...................:       4,400             2,400              176                96      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      13,950            10,800              571               443      
                            :                                                                       
Tangerines and mandarins 5/ :                                                                       
California 2/ ..............:      22,400            23,000              896               920      
Florida ....................:       1,020               900               48                43      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      23,420            23,900              944               963      
                            :                                                                       
Lemons 2/                   :                                                                       
Arizona ....................:       1,800             1,800               72                72      
California .................:      25,300            22,000            1,012               880      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      27,100            23,800            1,084               952      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                 
1/   Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; grapefruit in              
     California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in California-80, Florida-95;    
     lemons-80.                                                                                     
2/   Estimates for current year carried forward from an earlier forecast.                           
3/   Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason         
     varieties in Florida and Texas.                                                                
4/   Estimates discontinued in 2020-2021.                                                           
5/   Includes tangelos and tangors.                                                                 

Peach Production by Type - California: 2020 and
Forecasted May 1, 2021
--------------------------------------------------------
                    :         Total production          
        Type        :-----------------------------------
                    :      2020       :      2021       
--------------------------------------------------------
                    :               tons                
                    :                                   
Freestone ..........:     220,000           240,000     
                    :                                   
Clingstone .........:     248,000           240,000     
                    :                                   
Total ..............:     468,000           480,000     
--------------------------------------------------------

Almonds Production - State and United States: 2020 and
Forecasted May 1, 2021
--------------------------------------------------------
                    : Total production (shelled basis)  
        State       :-----------------------------------
                    :      2020       :      2021       
--------------------------------------------------------
                    :           1,000 pounds            
                    :                                   
California .........:    3,115,000         3,200,000    
                    :                                   
United States ......:    3,115,000         3,200,000    
--------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type - States and United States:
2019 and 2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :     Area planted      :    Area harvested     :   Yield per acre    
  Type and State :---------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2019    :   2020    :   2019    :   2020    :   2019   :   2020   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : ---------------- 1,000 acres ---------------     ---- pounds ----   
                 :                                                                     
Upland           :                                                                     
Alabama .........:    540.0       450.0       532.0       446.0       928        790   
Arizona .........:    160.0       125.0       158.0       123.0     1,154      1,179   
Arkansas ........:    620.0       525.0       610.0       520.0     1,185      1,179   
California ......:     54.0        34.0        53.0        33.5     1,576      2,006   
Florida .........:    112.0        98.0       110.0        93.0       895        532   
Georgia .........:  1,400.0     1,190.0     1,380.0     1,180.0       953        887   
Kansas ..........:    175.0       195.0       149.0       184.0       902        783   
Louisiana .......:    280.0       170.0       268.0       165.0     1,042        986   
Mississippi .....:    710.0       530.0       700.0       525.0     1,112      1,079   
Missouri ........:    380.0       295.0       368.0       287.0     1,193      1,144   
                 :                                                                     
New Mexico ......:     63.0        43.0        44.0        26.0       840      1,052   
North Carolina ..:    510.0       360.0       500.0       330.0       998        759   
Oklahoma ........:    640.0       525.0       450.0       435.0       703        702   
South Carolina ..:    300.0       190.0       295.0       179.0       809        802   
Tennessee .......:    410.0       280.0       405.0       275.0     1,138      1,066   
Texas ...........:  7,050.0     6,800.0     5,150.0     3,200.0       589        686   
Virginia ........:    103.0        80.0       102.0        79.0     1,144        772   
                 :                                                                     
United States ...: 13,507.0    11,890.0    11,274.0     8,080.5       819        835   
                 :                                                                     
American Pima    :                                                                     
Arizona .........:      7.5         6.5         7.5         6.5       800      1,034   
California ......:    204.0       147.0       201.0       146.0     1,545      1,562   
New Mexico ......:      5.2        10.5         4.9        10.5       882        663   
Texas ...........:     12.0        38.0        10.0        31.0       816        666   
                 :                                                                     
United States ...:    228.7       202.0       223.4       194.0     1,473      1,352   
                 :                                                                     
All              :                                                                     
Alabama .........:    540.0       450.0       532.0       446.0       928        790   
Arizona .........:    167.5       131.5       165.5       129.5     1,138      1,171   
Arkansas ........:    620.0       525.0       610.0       520.0     1,185      1,179   
California ......:    258.0       181.0       254.0       179.5     1,551      1,645   
Florida .........:    112.0        98.0       110.0        93.0       895        532   
Georgia .........:  1,400.0     1,190.0     1,380.0     1,180.0       953        887   
Kansas ..........:    175.0       195.0       149.0       184.0       902        783   
Louisiana .......:    280.0       170.0       268.0       165.0     1,042        986   
Mississippi .....:    710.0       530.0       700.0       525.0     1,112      1,079   
Missouri ........:    380.0       295.0       368.0       287.0     1,193      1,144   
                 :                                                                     
New Mexico ......:     68.2        53.5        48.9        36.5       844        940   
North Carolina ..:    510.0       360.0       500.0       330.0       998        759   
Oklahoma ........:    640.0       525.0       450.0       435.0       703        702   
South Carolina ..:    300.0       190.0       295.0       179.0       809        802   
Tennessee .......:    410.0       280.0       405.0       275.0     1,138      1,066   
Texas ...........:  7,062.0     6,838.0     5,160.0     3,231.0       589        685   
Virginia ........:    103.0        80.0       102.0        79.0     1,144        772   
                 :                                                                     
United States ...: 13,735.7    12,092.0    11,497.4     8,274.5       831        847   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Production and Bales Ginned by Type - States and United States: 2019 and 2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :     Production in     :                   :     Bales ginned in     
  Type and State : 480-pound net weight  :     Lint seed     :  480-pound net weight   
                 :       bales 1/        :       ratio       :        bales 2/         
                 :---------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2019    :   2020    :  2019   :  2020   :    2019    :    2020    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : ---- 1,000 bales ---   ------ ratio -----   -------- bales -------- 
                 :                                                                     
Upland           :                                                                     
Alabama .........:  1,028.0       734.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,002,300      715,850 
Arizona .........:    380.0       302.0       (NA)      (NA)      366,400      303,100 
Arkansas ........:  1,506.0     1,277.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,599,500    1,348,350 
California ......:    174.0       140.0       (NA)      (NA)      188,200      140,400 
Florida .........:    205.0       103.0       (NA)      (NA)      166,750       91,600 
Georgia .........:  2,740.0     2,180.0       (NA)      (NA)    2,798,300    2,207,950 
Kansas ..........:    280.0       300.0       (NA)      (NA)      240,250      204,650 
Louisiana .......:    582.0       339.0       (NA)      (NA)      592,650      352,400 
Mississippi .....:  1,621.0     1,180.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,576,300    1,147,100 
Missouri ........:    915.0       684.0       (NA)      (NA)      846,300      633,150 
                 :                                                                     
New Mexico ......:     77.0        57.0       (NA)      (NA)       32,100       26,700 
North Carolina ..:  1,040.0       522.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,098,400      559,450 
Oklahoma ........:    659.0       636.0       (NA)      (NA)      554,600      515,000 
South Carolina ..:    497.0       299.0       (NA)      (NA)      436,850      260,000 
Tennessee .......:    960.0       611.0       (NA)      (NA)      962,300      602,400 
Texas ...........:  6,320.0     4,570.0       (NA)      (NA)    6,497,150    4,798,550 
Virginia ........:    243.0       127.0       (NA)      (NA)      235,550      123,450 
                 :                                                                     
United States ...: 19,227.0    14,061.0       (NA)      (NA)   19,193,900   14,030,100 
                 :                                                                     
American Pima    :                                                                     
Arizona .........:     12.5        14.0       (NA)      (NA)       12,800       13,100 
California ......:    647.0       475.0       (NA)      (NA)      646,100      474,250 
New Mexico ......:      9.0        14.5       (NA)      (NA)       10,200       17,150 
Texas ...........:     17.0        43.0       (NA)      (NA)       15,350       40,550 
                 :                                                                     
United States ...:    685.5       546.5       (NA)      (NA)      684,450      545,050 
                 :                                                                     
All              :                                                                     
Alabama .........:  1,028.0       734.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,002,300      715,850 
Arizona .........:    392.5       316.0       (NA)      (NA)      379,200      316,200 
Arkansas ........:  1,506.0     1,277.0      0.433     0.432    1,599,500    1,348,350 
California ......:    821.0       615.0       (NA)      (NA)      834,300      614,650 
Florida .........:    205.0       103.0       (NA)      (NA)      166,750       91,600 
Georgia .........:  2,740.0     2,180.0      0.458     0.460    2,798,300    2,207,950 
Kansas ..........:    280.0       300.0       (NA)      (NA)      240,250      204,650 
Louisiana .......:    582.0       339.0       (NA)      (NA)      592,650      352,400 
Mississippi .....:  1,621.0     1,180.0      0.436     0.431    1,576,300    1,147,100 
Missouri ........:    915.0       684.0       (NA)      (NA)      846,300      633,150 
                 :                                                                     
New Mexico ......:     86.0        71.5       (NA)      (NA)       42,300       43,850 
North Carolina ..:  1,040.0       522.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,098,400      559,450 
Oklahoma ........:    659.0       636.0       (NA)      (NA)      554,600      515,000 
South Carolina ..:    497.0       299.0       (NA)      (NA)      436,850      260,000 
Tennessee .......:    960.0       611.0       (NA)      (NA)      962,300      602,400 
Texas ...........:  6,337.0     4,613.0      0.444     0.433    6,512,500    4,839,100 
Virginia ........:    243.0       127.0       (NA)      (NA)      235,550      123,450 
                 :                                                                     
United States ...: 19,912.5    14,607.5       (NA)      (NA)   19,878,350   14,575,150 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                    
1/   Production ginned and to be ginned.                                               
2/   Equivalent 480-pound net weight bales ginned, not adjusted for cross-state        
     movement.                                                                         

Cottonseed Production and Farm Disposition - States and United States: 2019 and 2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                   :         Farm disposition          :        :        
               :                   :-----------------------------------:    Seed for     
               :    Production     :    Sales to     :                 :   planting 2/   
     State     :                   :    oil mills    :    Other 1/     :        :        
               :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  2019   :  2020   :  2019  :  2020  :  2019  :  2020  :  2019  :  2020  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                               1,000 tons                                
               :                                                                         
Alabama .......:   267.0     205.0     46.0     20.0    221.0    185.0     3.0      2.6  
Arizona .......:   136.0     171.0        -        -    136.0    171.0     1.0      0.8  
Arkansas ......:   472.0     402.0    280.0    292.0    192.0    110.0     3.7      3.0  
California ....:   290.0     294.0     69.0     77.0    221.0    217.0     1.8      1.0  
Florida .......:    57.0      28.0     39.0     20.0     18.0      8.0     0.6      0.6  
Georgia .......:   778.0     613.0    296.0    253.0    482.0    360.0     6.2      5.7  
Kansas ........:    85.0      99.0        -        -     85.0     99.0     1.1      1.0  
Louisiana .....:   192.0     109.0    121.0     63.0     71.0     46.0     1.4      0.7  
Mississippi ...:   503.0     373.0    265.0    195.0    238.0    178.0     4.3      3.1  
Missouri ......:   253.0     210.0    117.0     52.0    136.0    158.0     2.2      2.1  
               :                                                                         
New Mexico ....:    26.0      29.0        -        -     26.0     29.0     0.5      0.3  
North Carolina :   308.0     121.0      4.0        -    304.0    121.0     3.3      2.6  
Oklahoma ......:   191.0     189.0    132.0    123.0     59.0     66.0     3.7      2.8  
South Carolina :   116.0      84.0     41.0        -     75.0     84.0     1.5      1.0  
Tennessee .....:   301.0     101.0    255.0     65.0     46.0     36.0     2.3      1.9  
Texas .........: 1,902.0   1,448.0    910.0    590.0    992.0    858.0    39.3     40.8  
Virginia ......:    68.0      33.0        -        -     68.0     33.0     0.6      0.5  
               :                                                                         
United States .: 5,945.0   4,509.0  2,575.0  1,750.0  3,370.0  2,759.0    76.5     70.5  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                      
1/ Includes planting seed, feed, exports, inter-farm sales, shrinkage, losses, and other 
   uses.                                                                                 
2/ Included in "other" farm disposition. Seed for planting is produced in crop year      
   shown, but used in the following year.                                                

Cotton Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service conducted objective yield 
surveys in four cotton-producing States during 2020. Randomly selected plots 
in cotton fields are visited monthly from September through harvest to obtain 
specific counts and measurements. Data in these tables are actual field 
counts from this survey.

Cotton Harvest Loss per Acre - Selected States: 2016-2020
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :            :           :            :            :            
       State       :    2016    :   2017    :    2018    :    2019    :    2020    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                            pounds                             
                   :                                                               
Arkansas ..........:    131           80         100            73           53    
Georgia ...........:    138          127         342           269          236    
Louisiana 1/ ......:    102           79         165          (NA)         (NA)    
Mississippi .......:    100           59          87           104           97    
North Carolina 1/ .:    123           65         174          (NA)         (NA)    
Texas .............:     53           60          59            43           58    
                   :                                                               
4-State 2/ ........:     76           72         123            90          100    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                
1/   Objective yield survey discontinued in 2019.                                  
2/   6-State total prior to 2019.                                                  

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts - Selected States: 2016-2020
[Includes small bolls (less than one inch in diameter), large unopened bolls
(at least one inch in diameter), open bolls, partially opened bolls, and burrs
per 40 feet of row. November, December, and Final exclude small bolls]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :           :           :           :           :           
   State and month  :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2020    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                          number                           
                    :                                                           
Arkansas            :                                                           
September ..........:    800         911         891         900         994    
October ............:    769         839         910         896         849    
November ...........:    779         825         892         925         820    
December ...........:    779         825         892         900         820    
Final ..............:    779         825         892         900         820    
                    :                                                           
Georgia             :                                                           
September ..........:    562         593         605         598         606    
October ............:    668         608         737         783         747    
November ...........:    719         680         712         790         761    
December ...........:    725         684         719         799         784    
Final ..............:    725         684         713         803         785    
                    :                                                           
Louisiana 1/        :                                                           
September ..........:    654         648         759        (NA)        (NA)    
October ............:    760         667         734        (NA)        (NA)    
November ...........:    784         665         739        (NA)        (NA)    
December ...........:    784         665         739        (NA)        (NA)    
Final ..............:    784         665         739        (NA)        (NA)    
                    :                                                           
Mississippi         :                                                           
September ..........:    953         904         871         944         900    
October ............:    942         810         895         895         867    
November ...........:    974         804         846         904         877    
December ...........:    974         797         846         901         875    
Final ..............:    974         797         846         901         875    
                    :                                                           
North Carolina 1/   :                                                           
September ..........:    558         637         601        (NA)        (NA)    
October ............:    599         705         641        (NA)        (NA)    
November ...........:    660         769         714        (NA)        (NA)    
December ...........:    660         769         719        (NA)        (NA)    
Final ..............:    660         769         719        (NA)        (NA)    
                    :                                                           
Texas               :                                                           
September ..........:    467         592         570         458         576    
October ............:    474         602         576         438         581    
November ...........:    528         603         553         456         595    
December ...........:    547         615         583         459         608    
Final ..............:    546         614         582         461         608    
                    :                                                           
4-State 2/          :                                                           
September ..........:    532         633         627         551         645    
October ............:    554         635         661         562         661    
November ...........:    604         649         640         579         671    
December ...........:    618         656         659         580         683    
Final ..............:    618         656         657         593         693    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Objective yield survey discontinued in 2019.                               
2/   6-State total prior to 2019.                                               

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      1,000 acres                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     2,621         2,590         2,133                 
Corn for grain 1/ ......................:    90,819        91,144        82,467                 
Corn for silage ........................:      (NA)                       6,719                 
Hay, all ...............................:      (NA)          (NA)        52,238       51,714    
  Alfalfa ..............................:      (NA)                      16,230                 
  All other ............................:      (NA)                      36,008                 
Oats ...................................:     2,984         2,488         1,004                 
Proso millet ...........................:       609                         484                 
Rice ...................................:     3,036         2,710         2,987                 
Rye ....................................:     1,955                         330                 
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...................:     5,880         6,940         5,095                 
Sorghum for silage .....................:      (NA)                         239                 
Wheat, all .............................:    44,349        46,358        36,746                 
  Winter ...............................:    30,415        33,078        23,024       24,612    
  Durum ................................:     1,684         1,540         1,662                 
  Other spring .........................:    12,250        11,740        12,060                 
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:   1,825.0       2,115.0       1,789.0                 
Cottonseed .............................:       (X)                         (X)                 
Flaxseed ...............................:       305           400           296                 
Mustard seed ...........................:      97.0                        91.4                 
Peanuts ................................:   1,664.2       1,625.5       1,615.8                 
Rapeseed ...............................:      11.2                        10.1                 
Safflower ..............................:     136.0                       126.7                 
Soybeans for beans .....................:    83,084        87,600        82,318                 
Sunflower ..............................:   1,718.7       1,216.0       1,665.7                 
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all ............................:  12,092.0      12,036.0       8,274.5                 
  Upland ...............................:  11,890.0      11,894.0       8,080.5                 
  American Pima ........................:     202.0         142.0         194.0                 
Sugarbeets .............................:   1,162.2       1,169.0       1,142.3                 
Sugarcane ..............................:      (NA)                       947.6                 
Tobacco ................................:      (NA)          (NA)         198.1        195.8    
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     269.8         290.0         262.9                 
Dry edible beans .......................:   1,740.0       1,540.0       1,676.5                 
Dry edible peas ........................:     999.0         893.0         973.0                 
Lentils ................................:     528.0         611.0         514.0                 
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:      (NA)                        58.6                 
Maple syrup ............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Mushrooms ..............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Peppermint oil .........................:      (NA)                        50.1                 
Potatoes ...............................:     921.0                       914.1                 
Spearmint oil ..........................:      (NA)                        17.7                 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                     --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :      Yield per acre       :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                             --------- 1,000 --------  
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley ..........................bushels:     77.5                       165,324                
Corn for grain ..................bushels:    172.0                    14,182,479                
Corn for silage ....................tons:     20.5                       137,729                
Hay, all ...........................tons:     2.43                       126,812                
  Alfalfa ..........................tons:     3.27                        53,067                
  All other ........................tons:     2.05                        73,745                
Oats ............................bushels:     65.1                        65,355                
Proso millet ....................bushels:     19.0                         9,210                
Rice 2/ .............................cwt:    7,619                       227,583                
Rye .............................bushels:     34.9                        11,532                
Sorghum for grain ...............bushels:     73.2                       372,960                
Sorghum for silage .................tons:     13.1                         3,125                
Wheat, all ......................bushels:     49.7                     1,825,820                
  Winter ........................bushels:     50.9         52.1        1,171,022     1,282,925  
  Durum .........................bushels:     41.4                        68,808                
  Other spring ..................bushels:     48.6                       585,990                
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola ...........................pounds:    1,931                     3,454,950                
Cottonseed .........................tons:      (X)                       4,509.0                
Flaxseed ........................bushels:     19.3                         5,706                
Mustard seed .....................pounds:      895                        81,770                
Peanuts ..........................pounds:    3,796                     6,133,900                
Rapeseed .........................pounds:    1,971                        19,910                
Safflower ........................pounds:    1,167                       147,800                
Soybeans for beans ..............bushels:     50.2                     4,135,477                
Sunflower ........................pounds:    1,790                     2,982,410                
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ ....................bales:      847                      14,607.5                
  Upland 2/ .......................bales:      835                      14,061.0                
  American Pima 2/ ................bales:    1,352                         546.5                
Sugarbeets .........................tons:     29.4                        33,618                
Sugarcane ..........................tons:     38.1                        36,100                
Tobacco ..........................pounds:    1,966                       389,413                
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas 2/ ........................cwt:    1,625                         4,273                
Dry edible beans 2/ .................cwt:    1,966                        32,963                
Dry edible peas 2/ ..................cwt:    2,234                        21,733                
Lentils 2/ ..........................cwt:    1,442                         7,411                
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops .............................pounds:    1,770                     103,810.3                
Maple syrup .....................gallons:     (NA)                         4,372                
Mushrooms ........................pounds:     (NA)                       816,367                
Peppermint oil ...................pounds:       99                         4,984                
Potatoes ............................cwt:      453                       414,248                
Spearmint oil ....................pounds:      121                         2,134                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Yield in pounds.                                                                           

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
              Crop              :-------------------------------------------------------
                                :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :                       hectares                        
                                :                                                       
Grains and hay                  :                                                       
Barley .........................:  1,060,690     1,048,150       863,200                
Corn for grain 1/ ..............: 36,753,540    36,885,070    33,373,570                
Corn for silage ................:       (NA)                   2,719,110                
Hay, all 2/ ....................:       (NA)          (NA)    21,140,200    20,928,140  
  Alfalfa ......................:       (NA)                   6,568,120                
  All other ....................:       (NA)                  14,572,080                
Oats ...........................:  1,207,590     1,006,870       406,310                
Proso millet ...................:    246,460                     195,870                
Rice ...........................:  1,228,640     1,096,710     1,208,810                
Rye ............................:    791,170                     133,550                
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...........:  2,379,580     2,808,550     2,061,900                
Sorghum for silage .............:       (NA)                      96,720                
Wheat, all 2/ ..................: 17,947,600    18,760,620    14,870,740                
  Winter .......................: 12,308,650    13,386,340     9,317,580     9,960,230  
  Durum ........................:    681,500       623,220       672,590                
  Other spring .................:  4,957,450     4,751,060     4,880,560                
                                :                                                       
Oilseeds                        :                                                       
Canola .........................:    738,560       855,920       723,990                
Cottonseed .....................:        (X)                         (X)                
Flaxseed .......................:    123,430       161,880       119,790                
Mustard seed ...................:     39,250                      36,990                
Peanuts ........................:    673,490       657,820       653,900                
Rapeseed .......................:      4,530                       4,090                
Safflower ......................:     55,040                      51,270                
Soybeans for beans .............: 33,623,260    35,450,840    33,313,270                
Sunflower ......................:    695,540       492,100       674,090                
                                :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops:                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .................:  4,893,510     4,870,850     3,348,610                
  Upland .......................:  4,811,760     4,813,380     3,270,100                
  American Pima ................:     81,750        57,470        78,510                
Sugarbeets .....................:    470,330       473,080       462,280                
Sugarcane ......................:       (NA)                     383,480                
Tobacco ........................:       (NA)          (NA)        80,150        79,240  
                                :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils    :                                                       
Chickpeas ......................:    109,190       117,360       106,390                
Dry edible beans ...............:    704,160       623,220       678,460                
Dry edible peas ................:    404,290       361,390       393,760                
Lentils ........................:    213,680       247,270       208,010                
                                :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous      :                                                       
Hops ...........................:       (NA)                      23,730                
Maple syrup ....................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Mushrooms ......................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Peppermint oil .................:       (NA)                      20,270                
Potatoes .......................:    372,720                     369,930                
Spearmint oil ..................:       (NA)                       7,160                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :     Yield per hectare     :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      metric tons                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     4.17                      3,599,510               
Corn for grain .........................:    10.79                    360,251,560               
Corn for silage ........................:    45.95                    124,945,650               
Hay, all 2/ ............................:     5.44                    115,041,910               
  Alfalfa ..............................:     7.33                     48,141,570               
  All other ............................:     4.59                     66,900,340               
Oats ...................................:     2.33                        948,630               
Proso millet ...........................:     1.07                        208,880               
Rice ...................................:     8.54                     10,322,990               
Rye ....................................:     2.19                        292,930               
Sorghum for grain ......................:     4.59                      9,473,620               
Sorghum for silage .....................:    29.31                      2,834,950               
Wheat,

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