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USDA - NASS: Crop Production (2021-07-12)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - July 12, 2021


Crop Production 

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released July 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Winter Wheat Production Up 4 Percent from June Forecast
Durum Wheat Production Down 46 Percent from 2020
Other Spring Wheat Production Down 41 Percent from 2020
Orange Production Up 2 Percent from June

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.36 billion bushels, up 4 percent 
from the June 1 forecast and up 16 percent from 2020. As of July 1, the 
United States yield is forecast at 53.6 bushels per acre, up 0.4 bushel from 
last month and up 2.7 bushels from last year's average yield of 50.9 bushels 
per acre. Area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 25.4 million 
acres, unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2021, but up 
11 percent from last year.

Hard Red Winter production, at 805 million bushels, is up 4 percent from last 
month. Soft Red Winter, at 362 million bushels, is up 8 percent from the June 
forecast. White Winter, at 198 million bushels, is down 2 percent from last 
month. Of the White Winter production, 16.4 million bushels are Hard White 
and 181 million bushels are Soft White.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 37.2 million bushels, down 46 percent 
from 2020. Based on July 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 
25.8 bushels per harvested acre, down 15.6 bushels from 2020. Area expected 
to be harvested for grain or seed totals 1.44 million acres, unchanged from 
the Acreage report released on June 30, 2021, but down 13 percent from 2020.

Other spring wheat production for grain is forecast at 345 million bushels, 
down 41 percent from last year. Based on July 1 conditions, yields are 
expected to average 30.7 bushels per harvested acre, down 17.9 bushels from 
2020. If realized, this would be the lowest yield since 2002 for the 
United States. Area harvested for grain or seed is expected to total 
11.2 million acres, unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 
2021, but 7 percent below 2020. Of the total production, 305 million bushels 
are Hard Red Spring wheat, down 42 percent from 2020.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is 
4.60 million tons, up 2 percent the previous forecast but down 12 percent 
from the 2019-2020 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at 
52.8 million boxes (2.38 million tons), is up slightly from the previous 
forecast but down 22 percent from last season's final utilization. In 
Florida, early, midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast at 
22.7 million boxes (1.02 million tons), unchanged from the previous forecast 
but down 23 percent from last season's final utilization. The Florida 
Valencia orange forecast, at 30.1 million boxes (1.35 million tons), is up 
slightly from the previous forecast but down 20 percent from last season's 
final utilization. 

The California all orange forecast is 54.5 million boxes (2.18 million tons), 
is up 5 percent from previous forecast and up 1 percent from last season's 
final utilization. The California Navel orange forecast is 45.0 million boxes 
(1.80 million tons), is up 7 percent from the previous forecast and 
up 4 percent from last season's final utilization. The California Valencia 
orange forecast is 9.50 million boxes (380,000 tons), is down 5 percent from 
the previous forecast and down 12 percent from last season's final 
utilization. The Texas all orange forecast, at 1.05 million boxes 
(45,000 tons), is unchanged from the previous forecast and down 22 percent 
from last season's final utilization. 

This report was approved on July 12, 2021.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Seth Meyer

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Oat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021......  4

Barley Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021...  4

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted 
July 1, 2021................................................................................................  5

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted 
July 1, 2021................................................................................................  6

Other Spring Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted 
July 1, 2021................................................................................................  6

Wheat Production by Class - United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021.................................  6

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and Forecasted 
July 1, 2021................................................................................................  7

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2020 and 
Forecasted July 1, 2021.....................................................................................  8

Apricots Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021............................  9

Almond Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021..............................  9

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021..... 10

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021....... 12

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021................................. 14

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021................................... 15

Winter Wheat Objective Yield Percent of Samples Processed in the Lab - United States: 2017-2021............. 16

Winter Wheat Heads per Square Foot - Selected States: 2017-2021............................................. 17

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map......................................................................... 18

Departure from Normal Temperature Map....................................................................... 18

June Weather Summary........................................................................................ 19

June Agricultural Summary................................................................................... 19

Crop Comments............................................................................................... 21

Statistical Methodology..................................................................................... 24

Reliability of July 1 Crop Production Forecasts............................................................. 25

Information Contacts........................................................................................ 26
 
Oat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :    Area harvested     :    Yield per acre     :      Production       
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   2020    :   2021    :   2020    :   2021    :   2020    :   2021    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      1,000 acres          ---- bushels ---          1,000 bushels     
                  :                                                                       
California .......:       4          3         75.0       65.0          300         195   
Idaho ............:      14         11        102.0       83.0        1,428         913   
Illinois .........:      15         30         58.0       75.0          870       2,250   
Iowa .............:      73         65         78.0       63.0        5,694       4,095   
Kansas ...........:      16         23         52.0       59.0          832       1,357   
Maine ............:      22         24         63.0       70.0        1,386       1,680   
Michigan .........:      30         25         55.0       53.0        1,650       1,325   
Minnesota ........:     160         77         66.0       50.0       10,560       3,850   
Montana ..........:      38         20         45.0       55.0        1,710       1,100   
Nebraska .........:      29         21         63.0       60.0        1,827       1,260   
                  :                                                                       
New York .........:      32         36         53.0       65.0        1,696       2,340   
North Dakota .....:     105         71         78.0       47.0        8,190       3,337   
Ohio .............:      15         30         60.0       65.0          900       1,950   
Oregon ...........:       7          6        100.0       95.0          700         570   
Pennsylvania .....:      55         35         50.0       62.0        2,750       2,170   
South Dakota .....:     140         80         77.0       53.0       10,780       4,240   
Texas ............:      60         37         45.0       46.0        2,700       1,702   
Wisconsin ........:     131         60         63.0       56.0        8,253       3,360   
                  :                                                                       
Other States 1/ ..:      58         68         53.9       53.2        3,129       3,615   
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:   1,004        722         65.1       57.2       65,355      41,309   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include: Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina, and Oklahoma.       
   Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Small Grains 2021 Summary." 

Barley Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   Area harvested    :   Yield per acre    :     Production      
                :-----------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :   2020   :   2021   :   2020   :   2021   :   2020   :   2021   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :     1,000 acres        ---- bushels ---        1,000 bushels    
                :                                                                 
Arizona ........:      8         14      122.0      120.0         976      1,680  
California .....:     31         22       47.0       60.0       1,457      1,320  
Colorado .......:     45         45      145.0      123.0       6,525      5,535  
Idaho ..........:    500        460      110.0       81.0      55,000     37,260  
Minnesota ......:     50         36       47.0       60.0       2,350      2,160  
Montana ........:    725        685       63.0       39.0      45,675     26,715  
North Dakota ...:    460        480       63.0       38.0      28,980     18,240  
Virginia .......:      7          9       63.0       83.0         441        747  
Washington .....:     71         59       90.0       53.0       6,390      3,127  
Wyoming ........:     62         64       96.0      105.0       5,952      6,720  
                :                                                                 
Other States 1/ :    174        170       66.5       63.4      11,578     10,783  
                :                                                                 
United States ..:  2,133      2,044       77.5       55.9     165,324    114,287  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include: Alaska, Delaware, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, New 
   York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, and Wisconsin. 
   Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Small Grains 2021   
   Summary."                                                                      

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  Area harvested   :       Yield per acre       :      Production       
                :------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :         :         :        :       2021        :           :           
                :  2020   :  2021   :  2020  :-------------------:   2020    :   2021    
                :         :         :        : June 1  : July 1  :           :           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :    1,000 acres      -------- bushels -------     --- 1,000 bushels --- 
                :                                                                        
Arkansas .......:     75       155     55.0     51.0      51.0         4,125       7,905 
California .....:     80        60     75.0     77.0      80.0         6,000       4,800 
Colorado .......:  1,520     1,850     27.0     39.0      41.0        41,040      75,850 
Idaho ..........:    660       670    101.0     87.0      85.0        66,660      56,950 
Illinois .......:    520       650     68.0     75.0      80.0        35,360      52,000 
Indiana ........:    250       300     70.0     76.0      81.0        17,500      24,300 
Kansas .........:  6,250     6,900     45.0     52.0      55.0       281,250     379,500 
Kentucky .......:    340       370     63.0     77.0      86.0        21,420      31,820 
Maryland .......:    150       160     73.0     72.0      75.0        10,950      12,000 
Michigan .......:    450       570     75.0     80.0      77.0        33,750      43,890 
                :                                                                        
Mississippi ....:     20        65     48.0     52.0      58.0           960       3,770 
Missouri .......:    370       500     62.0     70.0      70.0        22,940      35,000 
Montana ........:  1,490     1,700     51.0     51.0      42.0        75,990      71,400 
Nebraska .......:    830       840     41.0     51.0      50.0        34,030      42,000 
North Carolina .:    350       360     60.0     52.0      54.0        21,000      19,440 
North Dakota ...:     33        55     49.0     42.0      35.0         1,617       1,925 
Ohio ...........:    490       540     71.0     78.0      82.0        34,790      44,280 
Oklahoma .......:  2,600     2,700     40.0     39.0      40.0       104,000     108,000 
Oregon .........:    725       695     64.0     50.0      48.0        46,400      33,360 
South Dakota ...:    600       680     58.0     55.0      44.0        34,800      29,920 
                :                                                                        
Tennessee ......:    230       320     59.0     69.0      74.0        13,570      23,680 
Texas ..........:  2,050     2,250     30.0     34.0      37.0        61,500      83,250 
Virginia .......:    130       125     60.0     60.0      63.0         7,800       7,875 
Washington .....:  1,750     1,690     76.0     57.0      55.0       133,000      92,950 
Wisconsin ......:    125       240     69.0     71.0      71.0         8,625      17,040 
                :                                                                        
Other States 1/ :    936       998     55.5     59.6      61.4        51,945      61,300 
                :                                                                        
United States ..: 23,024    25,443     50.9     53.2      53.6     1,171,022   1,364,205 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York,    
   Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, and Wyoming. Individual State level estimates will
   be published in the "Small Grains 2021 Summary."                                      

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   Area harvested    :      Yield per acre      :     Production      
                :----------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :          :          :        :      2021       :          :          
                :   2020   :   2021   :  2020  :-----------------:   2020   :   2021   
                :          :          :        : June 1 : July 1 :          :          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :     1,000 acres        ------- bushels ------       1,000 bushels    
                :                                                                      
Arizona ........:     43         49      99.0     102.0    95.0      4,257      4,655  
California .....:     20         20      87.0      92.0   100.0      1,740      2,000  
Idaho ..........:      9          5      89.0      (NA)    89.0        801        445  
Montana ........:    685        645      39.0      (NA)    22.0     26,715     14,190  
North Dakota ...:    905        725      39.0      (NA)    22.0     35,295     15,950  
                :                                                                      
United States ..:  1,662      1,444      41.4      (NA)    25.8     68,808     37,240  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                    

Other Spring Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and
United States: 2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :   Area harvested    :   Yield per acre    :     Production      
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                :   2020   :   2021   :   2020   :   2021   :   2020   :   2021   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  -- 1,000 acres --      --- bushels ---        1,000 bushels    
                :                                                                 
Idaho ..........:     495        495      91.0       71.0      45,045     35,145  
Minnesota ......:   1,360      1,180      53.0       40.0      72,080     47,200  
Montana ........:   3,280      2,550      38.0       25.0     124,640     63,750  
North Dakota ...:   5,630      5,750      49.0       28.0     275,870    161,000  
South Dakota ...:     760        700      47.0       25.0      35,720     17,500  
Washington .....:     535        540      61.0       37.0      32,635     19,980  
                :                                                                 
United States ..:  12,060     11,215      48.6       30.7     585,990    344,575  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Wheat Production by Class - United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021
[Wheat class estimates are based on the latest available data including both surveys and
administrative data. The previous end-of-year season class percentages are used throughout the
forecast season for States that do not have survey or administrative data available]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Crop        :                2020                :                2021                
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     :                              1,000 bushels                              
                     :                                                                         
Winter               :                                                                         
Hard red ............:               658,640                              804,600              
Soft red ............:               266,235                              362,017              
Hard white ..........:                12,179                               16,386              
Soft white ..........:               233,968                              181,202              
                     :                                                                         
Spring               :                                                                         
Hard red ............:               530,152                              305,395              
Hard white ..........:                10,687                                8,283              
Soft white ..........:                45,151                               30,897              
Durum ...............:                68,808                               37,240              
                     :                                                                         
Total ............   :             1,825,820                            1,746,020              
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2019-2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of
harvest the following year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :   Utilized production boxes 1/    :Utilized production ton equivalent 
       Crop and State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :    2019-2020    :    2020-2021    :    2019-2020    :    2020-2021    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :     ------ 1,000 boxes ------            ------ 1,000 tons -----      
Oranges                     :                                                                       
California, all ............:      54,100            54,500            2,164             2,180      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      43,300            45,000            1,732             1,800      
 Valencia ..................:      10,800             9,500              432               380      
                            :                                                                       
Florida, all ...............:      67,400            52,800            3,033             2,377      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      29,650            22,700            1,334             1,022      
 Valencia ..................:      37,750            30,100            1,699             1,355      
                            :                                                                       
Texas, all .................:       1,340             1,050               57                45      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:       1,150             1,000               49                43      
 Valencia ..................:         190                50                8                 2      
                            :                                                                       
United States, all .........:     122,840           108,350            5,254             4,602      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      74,100            68,700            3,115             2,865      
 Valencia ..................:      48,740            39,650            2,139             1,737      
                            :                                                                       
Grapefruit                  :                                                                       
California .................:       4,700             4,400              188               176      
Florida, all ...............:       4,850             4,100              207               174      
 Red 3/ ....................:       4,060              (NA)              173              (NA)      
 White 3/ ..................:         790              (NA)               34              (NA)      
Texas ......................:       4,400             2,400              176                96      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      13,950            10,900              571               446      
                            :                                                                       
Tangerines and mandarins 4/ :                                                                       
California .................:      22,400            24,000              896               960      
Florida ....................:       1,020               890               48                42      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      23,420            24,890              944             1,002      
                            :                                                                       
Lemons                      :                                                                       
Arizona ....................:       1,800             1,500               72                60      
California .................:      25,300            21,500            1,012               860      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      27,100            23,000            1,084               920      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                 
1/   Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; grapefruit in              
     California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in California-80, Florida-95;    
     lemons-80.                                                                                     
2/   Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason         
     varieties in Florida and Texas.                                                                
3/   Estimates discontinued in 2020-2021.                                                           
4/   Includes tangelos and tangors.                                                                 

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2020 and
Forecasted July 1, 2021
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period had not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :   Area harvested    :   Yield per acre    :     Production      
          Class, type and State         :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :   2020   :   2021   :   2020   :   2021   :   2020   :   2021   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        : ------ acres -----     ---- pounds ----     -- 1,000 pounds --  
                                        :                                                                 
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)             :                                                                 
Georgia ................................:   7,900      8,500     2,440      2,100      19,276     17,850  
North Carolina .........................: 102,000    120,000     1,800      1,900     183,600    228,000  
South Carolina .........................:   6,000      9,000     1,400      1,900       8,400     17,100  
Virginia ...............................:  12,000     14,000     2,200      2,000      26,400     28,000  
                                        :                                                                 
United States ..........................: 127,900    151,500     1,858      1,920     237,676    290,950  
                                        :                                                                 
Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)             :                                                                 
Kentucky ...............................:   8,300      9,100     2,500                 20,750             
Tennessee ..............................:   5,800      6,600     2,850                 16,530             
Virginia ...............................:     250        250     1,900                    475             
                                        :                                                                 
United States ..........................:  14,350     15,950     2,631                 37,755             
                                        :                                                                 
Class 3A, Light air-cured               :                                                                 
Type 31, Burley                         :                                                                 
  Kentucky .............................:  37,000     37,000     1,950                 72,150             
  North Carolina .......................:     310        290     1,700                    527             
  Pennsylvania .........................:   2,800      2,800     2,500                  7,000             
  Tennessee ............................:   2,800      3,000     1,550                  4,340             
  Virginia .............................:     400        360     1,700                    680             
                                        :                                                                 
  United States ........................:  43,310     43,450     1,956                 84,697             
                                        :                                                                 
Type 32, Southern Maryland Belt         :                                                                 
  Pennsylvania .........................:     400        400     2,300                    920             
                                        :                                                                 
  United States ........................:     400        400     2,300                    920             
                                        :                                                                 
Total light air-cured (31-32) .......   :  43,710     43,850     1,959                 85,617             
                                        :                                                                 
Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)        :                                                                 
Kentucky ...............................:   6,100      6,700     2,350                 14,335             
Tennessee ..............................:   3,700      4,300     2,300                  8,510             
                                        :                                                                 
United States ..........................:   9,800     11,000     2,331                 22,845             
                                        :                                                                 
Class 4, Cigar filler                   :                                                                 
Type 41, Pennsylvania Seedleaf          :                                                                 
  Pennsylvania .........................:   2,300      2,300     2,400                  5,520             
                                        :                                                                 
  United States ........................:   2,300      2,300     2,400                  5,520             
                                        :                                                                 
All tobacco                             :                                                                 
United States ..........................: 198,060    224,600     1,966                389,413             
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Apricots Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :                     Total production                      
         State         :-----------------------------------------------------------
                       :            2020             :            2021             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :                           tons                            
                       :                                                           
California ............:           31,200                        50,000            
Washington ............:            2,200                         5,500            
                       :                                                           
United States .........:           33,400                        55,500            
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Almond Production - States and United States: 2020 and Forecasted July 1, 2021
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :             Total production (shelled basis)              
         State         :-----------------------------------------------------------
                       :            2020             :            2021             
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       :                       1,000 pounds                        
                       :                                                           
California ............:          3,115,000                     2,800,000          
                       :                                                           
United States .........:          3,115,000                     2,800,000          
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      1,000 acres                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     2,621         2,603         2,133         2,044   
Corn for grain 1/ ......................:    90,819        92,692        82,467        84,495   
Corn for silage ........................:      (NA)                       6,719                 
Hay, all ...............................:      (NA)          (NA)        52,238        51,537   
  Alfalfa ..............................:      (NA)          (NA)        16,230        16,123   
  All other ............................:      (NA)          (NA)        36,008        35,414   
Oats ...................................:     2,984         2,352         1,004           722   
Proso millet ...........................:       609           600           484                 
Rice ...................................:     3,036         2,661         2,987         2,616   
Rye ....................................:     1,955         2,125           330           364   
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...................:     5,880         6,490         5,095         5,785   
Sorghum for silage .....................:      (NA)                         239                 
Wheat, all .............................:    44,349        46,743        36,746        38,102   
  Winter ...............................:    30,415        33,683        23,024        25,443   
  Durum ................................:     1,684         1,480         1,662         1,444   
  Other spring .........................:    12,250        11,580        12,060        11,215   
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:   1,825.0       2,003.0       1,789.0       1,956.0   
Cottonseed .............................:       (X)                         (X)                 
Flaxseed ...............................:       305           390           296           366   
Mustard seed ...........................:      97.0          88.0          91.4          84.0   
Peanuts ................................:   1,664.2       1,632.5       1,615.8       1,596.5   
Rapeseed ...............................:      11.2          15.5          10.1          14.5   
Safflower ..............................:     136.0         135.0         126.7         127.5   
Soybeans for beans .....................:    83,084        87,555        82,318        86,720   
Sunflower ..............................:   1,718.7       1,376.0       1,665.7       1,312.0   
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all ............................:  12,092.0      11,719.0       8,274.5                 
  Upland ...............................:  11,890.0      11,577.0       8,080.5                 
  American Pima ........................:     202.0         142.0         194.0                 
Sugarbeets .............................:   1,162.2       1,162.8       1,142.3       1,133.7   
Sugarcane ..............................:      (NA)          (NA)         947.6         948.0   
Tobacco ................................:      (NA)          (NA)         198.1         224.6   
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     269.8         341.0         262.9         334.6   
Dry edible beans .......................:   1,740.0       1,507.0       1,676.5       1,441.0   
Dry edible peas ........................:     999.0         935.0         973.0         887.0   
Lentils ................................:     528.0         585.0         514.0         546.0   
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:      (NA)          (NA)          58.6          60.7   
Maple syrup ............................:      (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)   
Mushrooms ..............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Peppermint oil .........................:      (NA)                        50.1                 
Potatoes ...............................:     921.0         943.0         914.1         935.2   
Spearmint oil ..........................:      (NA)                        17.7                 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                     --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :      Yield per acre       :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                             --------- 1,000 --------  
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley ..........................bushels:     77.5         55.9          165,324       114,287  
Corn for grain ..................bushels:    172.0                    14,182,479                
Corn for silage ....................tons:     20.5                       137,729                
Hay, all ...........................tons:     2.43                       126,812                
  Alfalfa ..........................tons:     3.27                        53,067                
  All other ........................tons:     2.05                        73,745                
Oats ............................bushels:     65.1         57.2           65,355        41,309  
Proso millet ....................bushels:     19.0                         9,210                
Rice 2/ .............................cwt:    7,619                       227,583                
Rye .............................bushels:     34.9                        11,532                
Sorghum for grain ...............bushels:     73.2                       372,960                
Sorghum for silage .................tons:     13.1                         3,125                
Wheat, all ......................bushels:     49.7         45.8        1,825,820     1,746,020  
  Winter ........................bushels:     50.9         53.6        1,171,022     1,364,205  
  Durum .........................bushels:     41.4         25.8           68,808        37,240  
  Other spring ..................bushels:     48.6         30.7          585,990       344,575  
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola ...........................pounds:    1,931                     3,454,950                
Cottonseed .........................tons:      (X)                       4,509.0                
Flaxseed ........................bushels:     19.3                         5,706                
Mustard seed .....................pounds:      895                        81,770                
Peanuts ..........................pounds:    3,796                     6,133,900                
Rapeseed .........................pounds:    1,971                        19,910                
Safflower ........................pounds:    1,167                       147,800                
Soybeans for beans ..............bushels:     50.2                     4,135,477                
Sunflower ........................pounds:    1,790                     2,982,410                
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ ....................bales:      847                      14,607.5                
  Upland 2/ .......................bales:      835                      14,061.0                
  American Pima 2/ ................bales:    1,352                         546.5                
Sugarbeets .........................tons:     29.4                        33,618                
Sugarcane ..........................tons:     38.1                        36,100                
Tobacco ..........................pounds:    1,966                       389,413                
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas 2/ ........................cwt:    1,625                         4,273                
Dry edible beans 2/ .................cwt:    1,966                        32,963                
Dry edible peas 2/ ..................cwt:    2,234                        21,733                
Lentils 2/ ..........................cwt:    1,442                         7,411                
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops .............................pounds:    1,770                     103,810.3                
Maple syrup .....................gallons:     (NA)         (NA)            4,111         3,424  
Mushrooms ........................pounds:     (NA)                       816,367                
Peppermint oil ...................pounds:       99                         4,984                
Potatoes ............................cwt:      453                       414,248                
Spearmint oil ....................pounds:      121                         2,134                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Yield in pounds.                                                                           

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
              Crop              :-------------------------------------------------------
                                :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :                       hectares                        
                                :                                                       
Grains and hay                  :                                                       
Barley .........................:  1,060,690     1,053,410       863,200       827,190  
Corn for grain 1/ ..............: 36,753,540    37,511,530    33,373,570    34,194,280  
Corn for silage ................:       (NA)                   2,719,110                
Hay, all 2/ ....................:       (NA)          (NA)    21,140,200    20,856,510  
  Alfalfa ......................:       (NA)          (NA)     6,568,120     6,524,820  
  All other ....................:       (NA)          (NA)    14,572,080    14,331,690  
Oats ...........................:  1,207,590       951,830       406,310       292,190  
Proso millet ...................:    246,460       242,810       195,870                
Rice ...........................:  1,228,640     1,076,880     1,208,810     1,058,670  
Rye ............................:    791,170       859,970       133,550       147,310  
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...........:  2,379,580     2,626,440     2,061,900     2,341,130  
Sorghum for silage .............:       (NA)                      96,720                
Wheat, all 2/ ..................: 17,947,600    18,916,420    14,870,740    15,419,500  
  Winter .......................: 12,308,650    13,631,170     9,317,580    10,296,530  
  Durum ........................:    681,500       598,940       672,590       584,370  
  Other spring .................:  4,957,450     4,686,310     4,880,560     4,538,600  
                                :                                                       
Oilseeds                        :                                                       
Canola .........................:    738,560       810,590       723,990       791,570  
Cottonseed .....................:        (X)                         (X)                
Flaxseed .......................:    123,430       157,830       119,790       148,120  
Mustard seed ...................:     39,250        35,610        36,990        33,990  
Peanuts ........................:    673,490       660,660       653,900       646,090  
Rapeseed .......................:      4,530         6,270         4,090         5,870  
Safflower ......................:     55,040        54,630        51,270        51,600  
Soybeans for beans .............: 33,623,260    35,432,630    33,313,270    35,094,720  
Sunflower ......................:    695,540       556,850       674,090       530,950  
                                :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops:                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .................:  4,893,510     4,742,560     3,348,610                
  Upland .......................:  4,811,760     4,685,100     3,270,100                
  American Pima ................:     81,750        57,470        78,510                
Sugarbeets .....................:    470,330       470,570       462,280       458,800  
Sugarcane ......................:       (NA)          (NA)       383,480       383,650  
Tobacco ........................:       (NA)          (NA)        80,150        90,890  
                                :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils    :                                                       
Chickpeas ......................:    109,190       138,000       106,390       135,410  
Dry edible beans ...............:    704,160       609,870       678,460       583,160  
Dry edible peas ................:    404,290       378,390       393,760       358,960  
Lentils ........................:    213,680       236,740       208,010       220,960  
                                :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous      :                                                       
Hops ...........................:       (NA)          (NA)        23,730        24,580  
Maple syrup ....................:       (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)  
Mushrooms ......................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Peppermint oil .................:       (NA)                      20,270                
Potatoes .......................:    372,720       381,620       369,930       378,470  
Spearmint oil ..................:       (NA)                       7,160                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :     Yield per hectare     :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2020     :    2021     :    2020     :    2021     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      metric tons                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     4.17         3.01         3,599,510    2,488,310  
Corn for grain .........................:    10.79                    360,251,560               
Corn for silage ........................:    45.95                    124,945,650               
Hay, all 2/ ............................:     5.44                    115,041,910               
  Alfalfa ..............................:     7.33                     48,141,570               
  All other ............................:     4.59                     66,900,340               
Oats ...................................:     2.33         2.05           948,630      599,600  
Proso millet ...........................:     1.07                        208,880               
Rice ...................................:     8.54                     10,322,990               
Rye ....................................:     2.19                        292,930               
Sorghum for grain ......................:     4.59                      9,473,620               
Sorghum for silage .....................:    29.31                      2,834,950               
Wheat, all 2/ ..........................:     3.34         3.08        49,690,680   47,518,880  
  Winter ...............................:     3.42         3.61        31,870,000   37,127,580  
  Durum ................................:     2.78         1.73         1,872,650    1,013,510  
  Other spring .........................:     3.27         2.07        15,948,030    9,377,790  
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:     2.16                      1,567,140               
Cottonseed .............................:      (X)                      4,090,500               
Flaxseed ...............................:     1.21                        144,940               
Mustard seed ...........................:     1.00                         37,090               
Peanuts ................................:     4.25                      2,782,290               
Rapeseed ...............................:     2.21                          9,030               
Safflower ..............................:     1.31                         67,040               
Soybeans for beans .....................:     3.38                    112,549,240               
Sunflower ..............................:     2.01                      1,352,800               
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .........................:     0.95                      3,180,410               
  Upland ...............................:     0.94                      3,061,420               
  American Pima ........................:     1.52                        118,990               
Sugarbeets .............................:    65.97                     30,497,740               
Sugarcane ..............................:    85.40                     32,749,370               
Tobacco ................................:     2.20                        176,630               
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     1.82                        193,820               
Dry edible beans .......................:     2.20                      1,495,180               
Dry edible peas ........................:     2.50                        985,790               
Lentils ................................:     1.62                        336,160               
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:     1.98                         47,090               
Maple syrup ............................:     (NA)         (NA)            20,560       17,120  
Mushrooms ..............................:     (NA)                        370,300               
Peppermint oil .........................:     0.11                          2,260               
Potatoes ...............................:    50.79                     18,789,970               
Spearmint oil ..........................:     0.14                            970               
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Total may not add due to rounding.                                                         

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2020       :      2021       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ......................1,000 tons:          571               446    
Lemons ..........................1,000 tons:        1,084               920    
Oranges .........................1,000 tons:        5,254             4,602    
Tangerines and mandarins ........1,000 tons:          944             1,002    
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ..........million pounds:     10,253.0                      
Apricots ..............................tons:       33,400            55,500    
Avocados ..............................tons:      206,610                      
Blueberries, Cultivated .......1,000 pounds:      648,200                      
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .....1,000 pounds:       47,400                      
Cherries, Sweet .......................tons:      325,100           369,000    
Cherries, Tart ..............million pounds:        139.5             142.0    
Coffee (Hawaii) ...............1,000 pounds:       23,870                      
Cranberries .........................barrel:    7,830,000                      
                                           :                                   
Dates .................................tons:       62,600                      
Grapes ................................tons:    5,940,000                      
Kiwifruit (California) ................tons:       40,000                      
Nectarines (California) ...............tons:      122,500                      
Olives (California) ...................tons:       67,700                      
Papayas (Hawaii) ..............1,000 pounds:        8,280                      
Peaches ...............................tons:      617,760                      
Pears .................................tons:      672,000                      
Plums (California) ....................tons:      105,000                      
Prunes (California) ...................tons:      165,880                      
Raspberries ...................1,000 pounds:      222,000                      
Strawberries .....................1,000 cwt:     23,280.0                      
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .1,000 pounds:    3,115,000         2,800,000    
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..........tons:       63,000                      
Macadamias (Hawaii) ...........1,000 pounds:       39,500                      
Pecans, in-shell ..............1,000 pounds:      305,360                      
Pistachios (California) .......1,000 pounds:    1,045,000                      
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ........tons:      785,000                      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.                               

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2020       :      2021       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            metric tons            
                                           :                                   
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ................................:      518,000           404,600    
Lemons ....................................:      983,390           834,610    
Oranges ...................................:    4,766,350         4,174,860    
Tangerines 

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