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USDA - NASS: Crop Production (2022-01-12)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 12, 2022


Crop Production 

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released January 12, 2022, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Orange Production Up 2 Percent from December Forecast

The United States all orange forecast for the 2021-2022 season is 
3.92 million tons, up 2 percent from the previous forecast but 
down 11 percent from the 2020-2021 final utilization. The Florida all orange 
forecast, at 44.5 million boxes (2.00 million tons), is down 3 percent from 
the previous forecast and down 16 percent from last season's final 
utilization. In Florida, early, midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast 
at 17.5 million boxes (788,000 tons), down 3 percent from the previous 
forecast and down 23 percent from last season's final utilization. The 
Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 27.0 million boxes (1.22 million tons), 
is down 4 percent from the previous forecast and down 10 percent from last 
season's final utilization.

The California all orange forecast is 47.6 million boxes (1.90 million tons), 
is up 9 percent from previous forecast but down 5 percent from last season's 
final utilization. The California Navel orange forecast is 39.0 million boxes 
(1.56 million tons), is up 11 percent from the previous forecast but 
down 4 percent from last season's final utilization. The California Valencia 
orange forecast is 8.60 million boxes (344,000 tons), is up 1 percent from 
the previous forecast but down 9 percent from last season's final 
utilization. The Texas all orange forecast, at 400,000 boxes (17,000 tons), 
is down 27 percent from the previous forecast and down 62 percent from last 
season's final utilization. 

This report was approved on January 12, 2022.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Seth Meyer

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2020-2021 and Forecasted 
January 1, 2022..........................................................................................  4

Hay Stocks on Farms - States and United States: May 1 and December 1, 2020 and 2021......................  5

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2021 and 2022..  6

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2021 and 2022....  8

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2021 and 2022.............................. 10

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2021 and 2022................................ 11

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map...................................................................... 12

Departure from Normal Temperature Map.................................................................... 12

December Weather Summary................................................................................. 13

December Agricultural Summary............................................................................ 13

Crop Comments............................................................................................ 14

Statistical Methodology.................................................................................. 15

Reliability of January 1 Crop Production Forecasts....................................................... 15

Information Contacts..................................................................................... 16

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop - States and United States: 2020-2021 and
Forecasted January 1, 2022
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of
harvest the following year]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :   Utilized production boxes 1/    :Utilized production ton equivalent 
       Crop and State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :    2020-2021    :    2021-2022    :    2020-2021    :    2021-2022    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :     ------ 1,000 boxes -----             ------ 1,000 tons -----      
Oranges                     :                                                                       
California, all ............:      50,100           47,600             2,004             1,904      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      40,600           39,000             1,624             1,560      
 Valencia ..................:       9,500            8,600               380               344      
                            :                                                                       
Florida, all ...............:      52,800           44,500             2,377             2,003      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      22,700           17,500             1,022               788      
 Valencia ..................:      30,100           27,000             1,355             1,215      
                            :                                                                       
Texas, all .................:       1,050              400                45                17      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:       1,000              300                43                13      
 Valencia ..................:          50              100                 2                 4      
                            :                                                                       
United States, all .........:     103,950           92,500             4,426             3,924      
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ ..:      64,300           56,800             2,689             2,361      
 Valencia ..................:      39,650           35,700             1,737             1,563      
                            :                                                                       
Grapefruit                  :                                                                       
California .................:       3,900            3,500               156               140      
Florida ....................:       4,100            4,100               174               174      
Texas ......................:       2,400            1,600                96                64      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      10,400            9,200               426               378      
                            :                                                                       
Tangerines and mandarins 3/ :                                                                       
California .................:      28,100           21,000             1,124               840      
Florida ....................:         890              800                42                38      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      28,990           21,800             1,166               878      
                            :                                                                       
Lemons                      :                                                                       
Arizona ....................:         800            1,400                32                56      
California .................:      21,300           23,000               852               920      
                            :                                                                       
United States ..............:      22,100           24,400               884               976      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; grapefruit in California-80, 
   Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80.          
2/ Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason varieties 
   in Florida and Texas.                                                                            
3/ Includes tangelos and tangors.                                                                   

Hay Stocks on Farms - States and United States: May 1 and December 1, 2020 and 2021
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 May 1                 :              December 1               
     State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :       2020        :       2021        :       2020        :       2021        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                                  1,000 tons                                   
               :                                                                               
Alabama .......:         120                 300               1,800               1,550       
Arizona .......:          45                  20                 300                 180       
Arkansas ......:         340                 240               1,800               1,700       
California ....:         420                 220               1,640               1,200       
Colorado ......:         410                 230               1,700               2,000       
Connecticut ...:           8                   6                  30                  38       
Delaware ......:           2                   2                  10                  10       
Florida .......:          80                  60                 520                 460       
Georgia .......:         170                 290               1,210               1,260       
Idaho .........:         490                 410               2,500               2,350       
               :                                                                               
Illinois ......:         220                 270               1,000                 950       
Indiana .......:         140                 150                 800                 900       
Iowa ..........:         510                 430               2,430               3,120       
Kansas ........:       1,420                 910               5,000               5,000       
Kentucky ......:         625                 950               3,825               3,750       
Louisiana .....:         120                 160                 660                 640       
Maine .........:          30                  21                 150                 105       
Maryland ......:          60                  57                 290                 275       
Massachusetts .:           8                   9                  60                  34       
Michigan ......:         220                 190                 900               1,100       
               :                                                                               
Minnesota .....:         360                 400               2,240               1,460       
Mississippi ...:         130                 170               1,050               1,000       
Missouri ......:       1,410               1,000               6,000               5,700       
Montana .......:       1,040                 970               4,800               2,900       
Nebraska ......:       1,380               1,000               4,200               4,650       
Nevada ........:          80                  90                 400                 490       
New Hampshire .:           7                   5                  36                  42       
New Jersey ....:          29                  10                  90                  85       
New Mexico ....:          50                  40                 210                 240       
New York ......:         350                 290               1,000               1,700       
               :                                                                               
North Carolina :         180                 190               1,120                 950       
North Dakota ..:       1,290                 950               3,700               2,100       
Ohio ..........:         220                 210               1,300               1,400       
Oklahoma ......:       1,350               1,150               4,100               4,260       
Oregon ........:         400                 290               1,600                 920       
Pennsylvania ..:         350                 275               1,410               1,440       
Rhode Island ..:           1                   1                   4                   5       
South Carolina :          75                 125                 400                 450       
South Dakota ..:       2,350               2,200               5,800               3,300       
Tennessee .....:         425                 570               2,930               3,000       
               :                                                                               
Texas .........:       1,950               1,200               6,400               8,200       
Utah ..........:         300                 170               1,250               1,000       
Vermont .......:          36                  35                 145                 157       
Virginia ......:         310                 480               2,050               1,800       
Washington ....:         160                 220               1,100               1,100       
West Virginia .:          95                 145                 770                 790       
Wisconsin .....:         310                 570               1,790               2,105       
Wyoming .......:         350                 325               1,500               1,150       
               :                                                                               
United States .:      20,426              18,006              84,020              79,016       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2021 and 2022
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2022 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2021     :    2022     :    2021     :    2022     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      1,000 acres                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     2,660                       1,948                 
Corn for grain 1/ ......................:    93,357                      85,388                 
Corn for silage ........................:      (NA)                       6,481                 
Hay, all ...............................:      (NA)                      50,736                 
  Alfalfa ..............................:      (NA)                      15,246                 
  All other ............................:      (NA)                      35,490                 
Oats ...................................:     2,550                         650                 
Proso millet ...........................:       725                         662                 
Rice ...................................:     2,532                       2,488                 
Rye ....................................:     2,133                         294                 
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...................:     7,305                       6,490                 
Sorghum for silage .....................:      (NA)                         331                 
Wheat, all .............................:    46,703                      37,163                 
  Winter ...............................:    33,648       34,397         25,464                 
  Durum ................................:     1,635                       1,534                 
  Other spring .........................:    11,420                      10,165                 
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:   2,152.0                     2,089.0                 
Cottonseed .............................:       (X)                         (X)                 
Flaxseed ...............................:       325                         268                 
Mustard seed ...........................:     103.0                        89.3                 
Peanuts ................................:   1,585.2                     1,545.0                 
Rapeseed ...............................:      14.3                        12.5                 
Safflower ..............................:     152.0                       135.0                 
Soybeans for beans .....................:    87,195                      86,332                 
Sunflower ..............................:   1,288.5                     1,243.8                 
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all ............................:  11,219.5                     9,968.3                 
  Upland ...............................:  11,093.0                     9,844.5                 
  American Pima ........................:     126.5                       123.8                 
Sugarbeets .............................:   1,160.0                     1,107.6                 
Sugarcane ..............................:      (NA)                       937.5                 
Tobacco ................................:      (NA)                       218.9                 
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     368.5                       351.0                 
Dry edible beans .......................:   1,394.0                     1,335.6                 
Dry edible peas ........................:     977.0                       834.0                 
Lentils ................................:     708.0                       549.0                 
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:      (NA)                        60.9                 
Maple syrup ............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Mushrooms ..............................:      (NA)                        (NA)                 
Peppermint oil .........................:      (NA)                        44.0                 
Potatoes ...............................:     943.0                       935.7                 
Spearmint oil ..........................:      (NA)                        14.9                 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                     --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2021 and 2022 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2022 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :      Yield per acre       :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2021     :    2022     :    2021     :    2022     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                             ------ 1,000 ------       
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley ..........................bushels:     60.4                       117,673                
Corn for grain ..................bushels:    177.0                    15,115,170                
Corn for silage ....................tons:     20.1                       130,317                
Hay, all ...........................tons:     2.37                       120,196                
  Alfalfa ..........................tons:     3.23                        49,245                
  All other ........................tons:     2.00                        70,951                
Oats ............................bushels:     61.3                        39,836                
Proso millet ....................bushels:     23.2                        15,376                
Rice 2/ .............................cwt:    7,709                       191,796                
Rye .............................bushels:     33.4                         9,808                
Sorghum for grain ...............bushels:     69.0                       447,810                
Sorghum for silage .................tons:     15.4                         5,083                
Wheat, all ......................bushels:     44.3                     1,645,764                
  Winter ........................bushels:     50.2                     1,277,365                
  Durum .........................bushels:     24.3                        37,259                
  Other spring ..................bushels:     32.6                       331,140                
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola ...........................pounds:    1,302                     2,720,550                
Cottonseed .........................tons:      (X)                       5,377.0                
Flaxseed ........................bushels:     10.1                         2,708                
Mustard seed .....................pounds:      491                        43,834                
Peanuts ..........................pounds:    4,135                     6,389,300                
Rapeseed .........................pounds:    1,809                        22,616                
Safflower ........................pounds:    1,001                       135,175                
Soybeans for beans ..............bushels:     51.4                     4,435,232                
Sunflower ........................pounds:    1,530                     1,902,985                
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ ....................bales:      849                      17,624.0                
  Upland 2/ .......................bales:      841                      17,257.0                
  American Pima 2/ ................bales:    1,423                         367.0                
Sugarbeets .........................tons:     33.2                        36,751                
Sugarcane ..........................tons:     35.2                        33,030                
Tobacco ..........................pounds:    2,183                       477,973                
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas 2/ ........................cwt:      815                         2,861                
Dry edible beans 2/ .................cwt:    1,701                        22,721                
Dry edible peas 2/ ..................cwt:    1,025                         8,549                
Lentils 2/ ..........................cwt:      606                         3,327                
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops .............................pounds:    1,900                     115,630.9                
Maple syrup .....................gallons:     (NA)                         3,424                
Mushrooms ........................pounds:     (NA)                       757,987                
Peppermint oil ...................pounds:      104                         4,566                
Potatoes ............................cwt:      438                       409,671                
Spearmint oil ....................pounds:      119                         1,775                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Yield in pounds.                                                                           

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2021 and 2022
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2022 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
              Crop              :-------------------------------------------------------
                                :    2021     :    2022     :    2021     :    2022     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :                       hectares                        
                                :                                                       
Grains and hay                  :                                                       
Barley .........................:  1,076,480                     788,340                
Corn for grain 1/ ..............: 37,780,640                  34,555,670                
Corn for silage ................:       (NA)                   2,622,800                
Hay, all 2/ ....................:       (NA)                  20,532,350                
  Alfalfa ......................:       (NA)                   6,169,900                
  All other ....................:       (NA)                  14,362,450                
Oats ...........................:  1,031,960                     263,050                
Proso millet ...................:    293,400                     267,900                
Rice ...........................:  1,024,680                   1,006,870                
Rye ............................:    863,200                     118,980                
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...........:  2,956,260                   2,626,440                
Sorghum for silage .............:       (NA)                     133,950                
Wheat, all 2/ ..................: 18,900,240                  15,039,490                
  Winter .......................: 13,617,010    13,920,120    10,305,030                
  Durum ........................:    661,670                     620,790                
  Other spring .................:  4,621,560                   4,113,670                
                                :                                                       
Oilseeds                        :                                                       
Canola .........................:    870,890                     845,400                
Cottonseed .....................:        (X)                         (X)                
Flaxseed .......................:    131,520                     108,460                
Mustard seed ...................:     41,680                      36,140                
Peanuts ........................:    641,510                     625,250                
Rapeseed .......................:      5,790                       5,060                
Safflower ......................:     61,510                      54,630                
Soybeans for beans .............: 35,286,940                  34,937,700                
Sunflower ......................:    521,440                     503,350                
                                :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops:                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .................:  4,540,420                   4,034,070                
  Upland .......................:  4,489,230                   3,983,970                
  American Pima ................:     51,190                      50,100                
Sugarbeets .....................:    469,440                     448,230                
Sugarcane ......................:       (NA)                     379,400                
Tobacco ........................:       (NA)                      88,600                
                                :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils    :                                                       
Chickpeas ......................:    149,130                     142,050                
Dry edible beans ...............:    564,140                     540,500                
Dry edible peas ................:    395,380                     337,510                
Lentils ........................:    286,520                     222,170                
                                :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous      :                                                       
Hops ...........................:       (NA)                      24,630                
Maple syrup ....................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Mushrooms ......................:       (NA)                        (NA)                
Peppermint oil .................:       (NA)                      17,810                
Potatoes .......................:    381,620                     378,670                
Spearmint oil ..................:       (NA)                       6,030                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2021 and 2022 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2022 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :     Yield per hectare     :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2021     :    2022     :    2021     :    2022     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      metric tons                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     3.25                      2,562,030               
Corn for grain .........................:    11.11                    383,943,000               
Corn for silage ........................:    45.07                    118,221,590               
Hay, all 2/ ............................:     5.31                    109,039,980               
  Alfalfa ..............................:     7.24                     44,674,310               
  All other ............................:     4.48                     64,365,660               
Oats ...................................:     2.20                        578,220               
Proso millet ...........................:     1.30                        348,720               
Rice ...................................:     8.64                      8,699,720               
Rye ....................................:     2.09                        249,130               
Sorghum for grain ......................:     4.33                     11,374,900               
Sorghum for silage .....................:    34.42                      4,611,220               
Wheat, all 2/ ..........................:     2.98                     44,790,360               
  Winter ...............................:     3.37                     34,764,180               
  Durum ................................:     1.63                      1,014,020               
  Other spring .........................:     2.19                      9,012,150               
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:     1.46                      1,234,020               
Cottonseed .............................:      (X)                      4,877,930               
Flaxseed ...............................:     0.63                         68,790               
Mustard seed ...........................:     0.55                         19,880               
Peanuts ................................:     4.64                      2,898,140               
Rapeseed ...............................:     2.03                         10,260               
Safflower ..............................:     1.12                         61,310               
Soybeans for beans .....................:     3.45                    120,707,230               
Sunflower ..............................:     1.71                        863,180               
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .........................:     0.95                      3,837,170               
  Upland ...............................:     0.94                      3,757,270               
  American Pima ........................:     1.59                         79,900               
Sugarbeets .............................:    74.38                     33,339,950               
Sugarcane ..............................:    78.98                     29,964,310               
Tobacco ................................:     2.45                        216,800               
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Chickpeas ..............................:     0.91                        129,770               
Dry edible beans .......................:     1.91                      1,030,610               
Dry edible peas ........................:     1.15                        387,780               
Lentils ................................:     0.68                        150,910               
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:     2.13                         52,450               
Maple syrup ............................:     (NA)                         17,120               
Mushrooms ..............................:     (NA)                        343,820               
Peppermint oil .........................:     0.12                          2,070               
Potatoes ...............................:    49.07                     18,582,370               
Spearmint oil ..........................:     0.13                            810               
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Total may not add due to rounding.                                                         

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2021 and 2022
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2022 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2021-2022 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2021       :      2022       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ......................1,000 tons:          426             378      
Lemons ..........................1,000 tons:          884             976      
Oranges .........................1,000 tons:        4,426           3,924      
Tangerines and mandarins ........1,000 tons:        1,166             878      
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ..........million pounds:     10,525.0                      
Apricots ..............................tons:       55,500                      
Avocados ..............................tons:                                   
Blueberries, Cultivated .......1,000 pounds:                                   
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .....1,000 pounds:                                   
Cherries, Sweet .......................tons:      369,000                      
Cherries, Tart ..............million pounds:        142.0                      
Coffee (Hawaii) ...............1,000 pounds:                                   
Cranberries .........................barrel:    7,900,000                      
                                           :                                   
Dates .................................tons:                                   
Grapes ................................tons:    6,470,000                      
Kiwifruit (California) ................tons:                                   
Nectarines (California) ...............tons:                                   
Olives (California) ...................tons:                                   
Papayas (Hawaii) ..............1,000 pounds:                                   
Peaches ...............................tons:      696,500                      
Pears .................................tons:      670,000                      
Plums (California) ....................tons:                                   
Prunes (California) ...................tons:                                   
Raspberries, all  .............1,000 pounds:                                   
Strawberries .....................1,000 cwt:                                   
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .1,000 pounds:    2,800,000                      
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..........tons:                                   
Macadamias (Hawaii) ...........1,000 pounds:                                   
Pecans, in-shell ..............1,000 pounds:      258,000                      
Pistachios (California) .......1,000 pounds:                                   
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ........tons:      670,000                      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2020-2021 and 2021-2022.                               

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2021 and 2022
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2022 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2021-2022 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2021       :      2022       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            metric tons            
                                           :                                   
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ................................:      386,460           342,920    
Lemons ....................................:      801,950           885,410    
Oranges ...................................:    4,015,200         3,559,790    
Tangerines and mandarins ..................:    1,057,780           796,510    
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ........................:    4,774,060                      
Apricots ..................................:       50,350                      
Avocados ..................................:                                   
Blueberries, Cultivated ...................:                                   
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .................:                                   
Cherries, Sweet ...........................:      334,750                      
Cherries, Tart ............................:       64,410                      
Coffee (Hawaii) ...........................:                                   
Cranberries ...............................:      358,340                      
                                           :                                   
Dates .....................................:                                   
Grapes ....................................:    5,869,490                      
Kiwifruit (California) ....................:                                   
Nectarines (California) ...................:                                   
Olives (California) .......................:                                   
Papayas (Hawaii) ..........................:                                   
Peaches ...................................:      631,850                      
Pears .....................................:      607,810                      
Plums (California) ........................:                                   
Prunes (California) .......................:                                   
Raspberries, all ..........................:                                   
Strawberries ..............................:                                   
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .............:    1,270,060                      
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..............:                                   
Macadamias (Hawaii) .......................:                                   
Pecans, in-shell ..........................:      117,030                      
Pistachios (California) ...................:                                   
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ............:      607,810                      
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2020-2021 and 2021-2022.                               

December Weather Summary

December 2021 featured some notable weather extremes. In fact, monthly 
temperatures averaged at least 10F above normal at numerous locations from 
the southern Plains to the Mississippi Delta, setting records for the 
warmest-ever December. That warmth, along with frigid conditions (locally 
more than 5F below normal) near the Canadian border from the 
Pacific Northwest to the northern Plains, fueled an active storm track and 
periods of severe thunderstorms and heavy precipitation. The month's first 
significant severe-weather outbreak occurred across the mid-South and lower 
Midwest on December 5-6. Less than a week later, on December 10, the 
deadliest December tornado in the Nation's history-an EF-4 with winds 
estimated near 190 mph-traveled nearly 166 miles, starting in Obion County, 
Tennessee, and devastating the Kentucky communities of Mayfield and 
Dawson Springs. Nearly five dozen deaths occurred during that tornado's 
rampage, according to preliminary reports, while dozens of additional 
tornadoes-some with fatalities-swarmed other parts of the mid-South and lower 
Midwest.

A mid-December wind and dust storm, which raked the central and southern 
Plains with wind gusts of 75 to 100 mph or higher, further increased concerns 
regarding the overwintering wheat crop. By the end of December, only 
33 percent of Kansas' winter wheat was rated in good to excellent condition, 
down from 62 percent in late-November 2021. Similarly, the portion of 
Nebraska's wheat rated good to excellent dropped from 64 to 39 percent 
between November 28 and December 31. Across the southern High Plains, Texas 
communities such as Amarillo and Borger ended the year on an 80-day streak 
(October 13 - December 31) without any precipitation-not even a trace. 
Lingering drought across the northern High Plains also maintained stress on 
winter wheat; in Montana, 71 percent of the crop was rated very poor to poor 
at year's end. The Plains' drought was also reflected in moisture shortages; 
at the end of December, among reporting states, topsoil moisture was rated at 
least one-half very short to short in Colorado (84 percent), New Mexico 
(80 percent), Montana (77 percent), Kansas (72 percent), Nebraska 
(68 percent), and North Dakota (50 percent). Toward month's end, wind-driven 
wildfires near Boulder, Colorado-including the 6,219-acre Marshall Fire-swept 
through thousands of acres of drought-cured brush, timber, and grass, as well 
as portions of the communities of Louisville and Superior, destroying as many 
as 1,000 structures.

In contrast, consistent and widespread storminess delivered December drought 
relief-in the form of improvements in soil moisture and mountain snowpack-
west of the Rockies. Although drought coverage in the 11-state Western region 
decreased only 5 percentage points (from 94 to 89 percent) between 
November 30, 2021, and January 4, 2022, there was a substantial decrease in 
the higher-end drought categories. For example, Western coverage of extreme 
to exceptional drought (D3 to D4) during that 5-week period decreased from 
44 to 24 percent, according to the Drought Monitor. Despite the promising 
start to the Western winter wet season, additional storminess will be needed 
in early 2022 to sustain the recovery from a multi-year drought. By 
December 31, the average water equivalency of the high-elevation 
Sierra Nevada snowpack stood at just over 15 inches, more than 150 percent of 
average for the date, but only 55 percent of the typical end-of-season 
accumulation. In addition, many large reservoirs-including Lake Mead on the 
Colorado River-remained at historically low levels and will be unlikely to 
significantly recover, even with ongoing wetness.

December Agricultural Summary

Most of the Nation was warmer than average during the month of December. Much 
of the Mississippi Valley, southern Ohio Valley, and Southern Plains were 9F 
or more above normal for the month. In contrast, large parts of the 
Pacific Northwest, Northern Plains, and Northern Rockies were cooler than 
normal. Much of northern Montana recorded temperatures 6F or more below 
normal. December was drier than normal for much of the Delta, Gulf Coast, 
Mid-Atlantic, Northeast, Central Plains, and Southern Plains. In contrast, 
large parts of the Northern Plains, Rockies, and Southwest received twice the 
normal amount of precipitation for the month. 

Nationwide, 92 percent of the winter wheat acreage had emerged by 
November 28, equal to last year but 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year 
average. As of November 28, forty-four percent of the 2022 winter wheat 
acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, 2 percentage points 
below the same time last year. 

By November 28, eighty-five percent of the Nation's cotton acreage had been 
harvested, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points 
ahead of the 5-year average.

Ninety-seven percent of the 2021 sorghum acreage had been harvested by 
November 28, two percentage points behind last year but 1 percentage point 
ahead of the 5-year average.

Ninety-six percent of the Nation's peanut acreage had been harvested as of 
November 28, equal to both last year and the 5-year average. 

By November 28, ninety-four percent of the Nation's sunflower crop had been 
harvested, 2 percentage points behind last year but 8 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. 

Crop Comments

Grapefruit: The United States 2021-2022 grapefruit crop is forecast at 
378,000 tons, down 17 percent from the previous forecast and down 11 percent 
from last season's final utilization. The Florida forecast, at 
4.10 million boxes (174,000 tons), is unchanged from previous forecast and 
unchanged from the last season. California's grapefruit forecast at 
3.50 million boxes (140,000 tons), is down 10 percent from the previous 
forecast and down 10 percent from last season. The Texas grapefruit forecast 
is down 48 percent from the previous forecast and down 33 percent from the 
2020-2021 season.

Lemons: The 2021-2022 United States lemon crop is forecast at 976,000 tons, 
up 9 percent from previous forecast and up 10 percent last season's final 
utilization. The California forecast, at 23.0 million boxes (920,000 tons), 
is up 10 percent from the previous forecast and up 8 percent from the 2020-
2021 season. The Arizona forecast, at 1.40 million boxes (56,000 tons), is 
up 8 percent from previous forecast and up 75 percent from last year.

Tangerines and mandarins: The United States tangerine and mandarin crop is 
forecast at 878,000 tons, down 1 percent from the previous forecast and 
down 25 percent from the last season's final utilization. The California 
tangerine and mandarin forecast, at 21.0 million boxes (840,000 tons), is 
unchanged from the previous forecast but down 25 percent from last year.

Hay stocks on farms: All hay stored on United States farms as of 
December 1, 2021 totaled 79.0 million tons, down 6 percent from December 1, 
2020, which is the third lowest December 1 stocks since 1977. Disappearance 
from May 1, 2021 - December 1, 2021 totaled 59.2 million tons, down 6 percent 
from the same period in 2020.

Record low December 1 hay stock levels were estimated in Maine, 
Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Oregon.

Statistical Methodology

Survey procedures: The orange objective yield survey for the January 1 
forecast was conducted in Florida. In August and September, the number of 
bearing trees and the number of fruit per tree is determined. In August and 
subsequent months, fruit size measurement and fruit droppage surveys are 
conducted, which combined with the previous components are used to develop 
the current forecast of production. California and Texas conduct grower on a 
quarterly basis in October, January, April, and July. California conducts an 
objective measurement survey in September for Navel oranges and in March for 
Valencia oranges.

Estimating procedures: State level objective yield estimates for Florida 
oranges were reviewed for errors, reasonableness, and consistency with 
historical estimates. Reports from growers in California and Texas were also 
used for setting estimates. These three States submit their analyses of the 
current situation to the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB uses 
the survey data and the State analyses to prepare the published January 1 
forecast.

Revision policy: The January 1 production forecasts will not be revised. A 
new forecast will be made each month throughout the growing season. End-of-
season estimates will be published in the Citrus Fruits Summary released in 
September. The production estimates are based on all data available at the 
end of the marketing season, including information from marketing orders, 
shipments, and processor records. Allowances are made for recorded local 
utilization and home use.

Reliability: To assist users in evaluating the reliability of the January 1 
production forecasts, the "Root Mean Square Error," a statistical measure 
based on past performance, is computed. The deviation between the January 1 
production forecast and the final estimate is expressed as a percentage of 
the final estimate. The average of squared percentage deviations for the 
latest 20-year period is computed. The square root of the average becomes 
statistically the "Root Mean Square Error." Probability statements can be 
made concerning expected differences in the current forecast relative to the 
final end-of-season estimate, assuming that factors affecting this year's 
forecast are not different from those influencing recent years.

The "Root Mean Square Error" for the January 1 orange production forecast is 
5.1 percent. This means that chances are 2 out of 3 that the current orange 
production forecast will not be above or below the final estimates by more 
than 5.1 percent. Chances are 9 out of 10 (90 percent confidence level) that 
the difference will not exceed 8.8 percent.

Changes between the January 1 orange forecast and the final estimates during 
the past 20 years have averaged 280,000 tons, ranging from 2,000 tons to 
843,000 tons. The January 1 forecast for oranges has been below the final 
estimate 6 times and above 14 times. The difference does not imply that the 
January 1 forecast this year is likely to understate or overstate final 
production.

Reliability of January 1 Crop Production Forecasts
[Based on data for the past twenty years]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :            :           :      Difference between forecast       
                              :            :           :           and final estimate           
                              :            :           :----------------------------------------
                              :            :90 percent :       Production       :     Years     
             Crop             : Root mean  :confidence :----------------------------------------
                              :square error: interval  :       :        :       : Below : Above 
                              :            :           :Average:Smallest:Largest: final : final 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    ---- percent ---       ----- millions -----        number    
                              :                                                                 
Oranges 1/ ...............tons:    5.1          8.8       280      2       843      6      14   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Quantity is in thousands of units.                                                           

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries 
may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.................................................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section......................................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.................................................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans................................................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports...................... (202) 720-8800
     Michelle Harder - Barley, County Estimates, Hay.............................. (202) 690-8533
     James Johanson - Rye, Wheat.................................................. (202) 720-8068
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.................................. (202) 720-9526
     Becky Sommer - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum.............................. (202) 720-5944
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds................................... (202) 720-7369
     Lihan Wei - Peanuts, Rice.................................................... (202) 720-7688

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section................ (202) 720-2127
.................................................................................. Fleming Gibson - Blueberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins,
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes.......... (202) 720-2127
Robert Little - Apricots, Dry Beans, Lettuce, Macadamia, Maple Syrup,
Nectarines, Pears, Snap Beans, Spinach, Tomatoes.................................. (202) 720-3250
Deonne Holiday - Almonds, Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions,
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco................................................ (202) 720-4288
Krishna Rizal - Artichokes, Cauliflower, Celery, Grapefruit, Garlic, Hazelnuts,
Kiwifruit, Lemons, Mandarins and tangerines, Mint, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges..... (202) 720-5412
Antonio Torres - Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Honeydews, Lentils,
Papayas, Peaches, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Walnuts, Watermelons............. (202) 720-2157
Chris Wallace - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas,
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans.......................... (202) 720-4215

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

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