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USDA - NASS: Crop Progress (2019-09-30)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - September 30, 2019


Crop Progress

ISSN: 1948-3007

Released September 30, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Corn Dented - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 92% of the 2018 corn acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Colorado .......:      95            77            93            96     
Illinois .......:     100            77            85            99     
Indiana ........:     100            73            84            97     
Iowa ...........:      99            82            90            98     
Kansas .........:     100            93            96            98     
Kentucky .......:      99            96            99            98     
Michigan .......:      94            53            72            90     
Minnesota ......:      99            75            88            98     
Missouri .......:     100            88            96           100     
Nebraska .......:      99            91            95            98     
North Carolina .:     100           100           100           100     
North Dakota ...:      98            59            75            95     
Ohio ...........:      95            58            70            96     
Pennsylvania ...:      91            81            87            92     
South Dakota ...:     100            71            84            97     
Tennessee ......:     100            98           100           100     
Texas ..........:     100           100           100            97     
Wisconsin ......:      95            59            67            91     
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     100            79            88            98     
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Corn Mature - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 92% of the 2018 corn acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Colorado .......:     56            23            41            51      
Illinois .......:     94            26            40            86      
Indiana ........:     90            26            41            76      
Iowa ...........:     86            18            36            74      
Kansas .........:     89            60            73            84      
Kentucky .......:     91            82            90            90      
Michigan .......:     61             8            17            53      
Minnesota ......:     84             8            22            67      
Missouri .......:     95            54            72            90      
Nebraska .......:     82            37            52            72      
North Carolina .:     99            95            98            99      
North Dakota ...:     82             5            15            57      
Ohio ...........:     67            17            27            62      
Pennsylvania ...:     67            50            62            65      
South Dakota ...:     79            12            29            64      
Tennessee ......:     96            95            98            96      
Texas ..........:     84            77            79            82      
Wisconsin ......:     70             8            16            54      
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     84            29            43            73      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Corn Harvested - Selected States
[These 18 States harvested 94% of the 2018 corn acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Colorado .......:     10             4            12             7      
Illinois .......:     45             2             4            30      
Indiana ........:     26             3             8            19      
Iowa ...........:     10             -             2             6      
Kansas .........:     45            19            28            41      
Kentucky .......:     59            44            58            56      
Michigan .......:      9             -             -             5      
Minnesota ......:      7             -             -             4      
Missouri .......:     62            15            26            47      
Nebraska .......:     16             3             8            11      
North Carolina .:     82            81            87            81      
North Dakota ...:      6             -             -             3      
Ohio ...........:     10             2             5            10      
Pennsylvania ...:      8            12            23            15      
South Dakota ...:     10             -             -             7      
Tennessee ......:     63            58            74            69      
Texas ..........:     70            65            72            69      
Wisconsin ......:      9             -             -             4      
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     25             7            11            19      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                     

Corn Condition - Selected States: Week Ending September 29, 2019
[These 18 States planted 92% of the 2018 corn acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Colorado .......:     -           3          18          66          13     
Illinois .......:     5          15          33          41           6     
Indiana ........:     9          20          40          28           3     
Iowa ...........:     2           7          26          54          11     
Kansas .........:     4          10          34          42          10     
Kentucky .......:     3           8          23          46          20     
Michigan .......:     6          14          35          35          10     
Minnesota ......:     3          10          34          44           9     
Missouri .......:     5          16          33          41           5     
Nebraska .......:     2           5          20          56          17     
North Carolina .:    13          17          29          31          10     
North Dakota ...:     1           6          24          60           9     
Ohio ...........:     7          22          38          30           3     
Pennsylvania ...:     1           6          22          52          19     
South Dakota ...:     2           6          26          47          19     
Tennessee ......:     1           2          13          56          28     
Texas ..........:     1           9          38          41          11     
Wisconsin ......:     2           7          22          49          20     
                :                                                           
18 States ......:     4          10          29          46          11     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     3          10          30          46          11     
Previous year ..:     4           8          19          47          22     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                         

Soybeans Dropping Leaves - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 95% of the 2018 soybean acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Arkansas .......:     69            47            62            72      
Illinois .......:     85            14            41            76      
Indiana ........:     88            26            49            80      
Iowa ...........:     86            22            49            77      
Kansas .........:     64            27            44            59      
Kentucky .......:     58            41            55            53      
Louisiana ......:     93            81            91            92      
Michigan .......:     77            35            56            77      
Minnesota ......:     92            36            60            85      
Mississippi ....:     86            64            80            84      
Missouri .......:     56            12            26            49      
Nebraska .......:     91            55            75            84      
North Carolina .:     53            45            59            46      
North Dakota ...:     96            67            86            93      
Ohio ...........:     80            27            48            80      
South Dakota ...:     91            30            58            89      
Tennessee ......:     66            57            71            67      
Wisconsin ......:     78            24            42            72      
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     81            34            55            76      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Soybeans Harvested - Selected States
[These 18 States harvested 96% of the 2018 soybean acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Arkansas .......:     20             18           25            35      
Illinois .......:     32           (NA)            1            22      
Indiana ........:     22              1            6            19      
Iowa ...........:     14              -            3            12      
Kansas .........:      6              -            2             7      
Kentucky .......:     20             13           19            17      
Louisiana ......:     69             56           68            74      
Michigan .......:     10              1            7            10      
Minnesota ......:     25           (NA)            5            24      
Mississippi ....:     50             24           46            57      
Missouri .......:     10           (NA)            1             9      
Nebraska .......:     25           (NA)            6            17      
North Carolina .:      5             13           14             6      
North Dakota ...:     29              1            4            26      
Ohio ...........:     14              1            6            17      
South Dakota ...:     20           (NA)            1            19      
Tennessee ......:     18             18           27            16      
Wisconsin ......:     12              -            1             8      
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     22           (NA)            7            20      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                   
(NA) Not available.                                                     

Soybean Condition - Selected States: Week Ending September 29, 2019
[These 18 States planted 95% of the 2018 soybean acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Arkansas .......:     3          12          28          40          17     
Illinois .......:     5          14          37          38           6     
Indiana ........:     8          20          41          27           4     
Iowa ...........:     2           7          28          52          11     
Kansas .........:     3           7          34          48           8     
Kentucky .......:     5          14          31          46           4     
Louisiana ......:     2           6          26          61           5     
Michigan .......:     3          13          40          36           8     
Minnesota ......:     2           8          34          49           7     
Mississippi ....:     1           5          26          53          15     
Missouri .......:     4          10          36          44           6     
Nebraska .......:     1           4          20          62          13     
North Carolina .:     4          14          32          42           8     
North Dakota ...:     2           9          27          56           6     
Ohio ...........:     6          21          39          31           3     
South Dakota ...:     2           6          31          48          13     
Tennessee ......:     2           8          31          49          10     
Wisconsin ......:     1           6          22          48          23     
                :                                                           
18 States ......:     3          10          32          46           9     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     3          10          33          45           9     
Previous year ..:     3           7          22          49          19     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Bolls Opening - Selected States
[These 15 States planted 99% of the 2018 cotton acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Alabama ........:     82            81            88            79      
Arizona ........:     98            97            99            90      
Arkansas .......:     99            91            94            93      
California .....:     23            50            60            67      
Georgia ........:     80            81            87            85      
Kansas .........:     62            27            46            48      
Louisiana ......:     99            90            94            98      
Mississippi ....:     92            77            88            88      
Missouri .......:     94            58            76            79      
North Carolina .:     84            76            85            80      
Oklahoma .......:     59            53            69            63      
South Carolina .:     55            83            91            76      
Tennessee ......:     95            69            82            80      
Texas ..........:     54            56            71            55      
Virginia .......:     70            74            89            72      
                :                                                       
15 States ......:     66            64            77            67      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Harvested - Selected States
[These 15 States harvested 99% of the 2018 cotton acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Alabama ........:      5             4            12             8      
Arizona ........:     22            10            15            17      
Arkansas .......:     22            10            22            13      
California .....:      -             -             -             1      
Georgia ........:      5            10            18             8      
Kansas .........:      -             -             -             2      
Louisiana ......:     38            19            33            37      
Mississippi ....:     23             7            23            18      
Missouri .......:     25             5             6             8      
North Carolina .:      3             2             5             4      
Oklahoma .......:      3             -             -             1      
South Carolina .:      6             3            12             8      
Tennessee ......:     13             6            12             7      
Texas ..........:     25            16            18            19      
Virginia .......:      -             -            10             -      
                :                                                       
15 States ......:     19            11            16            14      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                     

Cotton Condition - Selected States: Week Ending September 29, 2019
[These 15 States planted 99% of the 2018 cotton acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Alabama ........:     1          12          33          48           6     
Arizona ........:     -          12          39          41           8     
Arkansas .......:     -           5          14          42          39     
California .....:     -           -          45          35          20     
Georgia ........:     4          11          31          46           8     
Kansas .........:     3          12          37          40           8     
Louisiana ......:     -           -          26          62          12     
Mississippi ....:     1           6          39          45           9     
Missouri .......:     7           9          52          32           -     
North Carolina .:     8          22          25          36           9     
Oklahoma .......:     -          10          60          30           -     
South Carolina .:     1           7          29          58           5     
Tennessee ......:     4           7          29          46          14     
Texas ..........:     3          22          45          26           4     
Virginia .......:     -           9          21          69           1     
                :                                                           
15 States ......:     3          17          40          34           6     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     3          16          42          32           7     
Previous year ..:     6          19          33          32          10     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                         

Sorghum Coloring - Selected States
[These 6 States planted 97% of the 2018 sorghum acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Colorado .......:      96            87            94           93      
Kansas .........:      96            85            92           95      
Nebraska .......:      97            93            98           98      
Oklahoma .......:      89            87            93           93      
South Dakota ...:      88            78            92           92      
Texas ..........:     100           100           100           95      
                :                                                       
6 States .......:      97            90            95           95      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sorghum Mature - Selected States
[These 6 States planted 97% of the 2018 sorghum acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Colorado .......:     41            29            39            40      
Kansas .........:     47            21            38            49      
Nebraska .......:     68            22            38            66      
Oklahoma .......:     56            38            54            64      
South Dakota ...:     35            15            29            45      
Texas ..........:     84            89            91            82      
                :                                                       
6 States .......:     60            42            54            63      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sorghum Harvested - Selected States
[These 6 States harvested 98% of the 2018 sorghum acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Colorado .......:      8             -             3             5      
Kansas .........:      9             2             6            11      
Nebraska .......:     15             -             2            11      
Oklahoma .......:     26            10            18            34      
South Dakota ...:      8             2             3             8      
Texas ..........:     76            83            86            70      
                :                                                       
6 States .......:     33            26            30            35      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                     

Sorghum Condition - Selected States: Week Ending September 29, 2019
[These 6 States planted 97% of the 2018 sorghum acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Colorado .......:     1           3          23          61          12     
Kansas .........:     3           8          27          51          11     
Nebraska .......:     1           2          14          70          13     
Oklahoma .......:     -           4          29          63           4     
South Dakota ...:     1           2          17          71           9     
Texas ..........:     1           5          29          40          25     
                :                                                           
6 States .......:     2           6          27          50          15     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     2           6          27          51          14     
Previous year ..:     6          11          29          44          10     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                         

Peanuts Harvested - Selected States
[These 8 States harvested 96% of the 2018 peanut acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Alabama ........:     16            15            30            19      
Florida ........:     39            37            46            39      
Georgia ........:     23            14            28            19      
North Carolina .:      7             7            18             9      
Oklahoma .......:      -             -             -             3      
South Carolina .:      6            10            24            17      
Texas ..........:      4             -             -             7      
Virginia .......:     19            17            41            12      
                :                                                       
8 States .......:     19            14            26            19      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                     

Peanut Condition - Selected States: Week Ending September 29, 2019
[These 8 States planted 96% of the 2018 peanut acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Alabama ........:     -           8          42          46           4     
Florida ........:     5          22          36          37           -     
Georgia ........:     2          13          28          50           7     
North Carolina .:     3           7          29          48          13     
Oklahoma .......:     -           -          10          83           7     
South Carolina .:     2           3          32          57           6     
Texas ..........:     -           -          44          56           -     
Virginia .......:     -           7          14          77           2     
                :                                                           
8 States .......:     2          10          33          50           5     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     1           7          31          54           7     
Previous year ..:     1           5          23          57          14     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                         

Sugarbeets Harvested - Selected States
[These 4 States harvested 84% of the 2018 sugarbeet acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Idaho ..........:     25            10            21            24      
Michigan .......:     30             8            10            21      
Minnesota ......:     17            11            16            18      
North Dakota ...:     19            13            18            20      
                :                                                       
4 States .......:     21            11            16            20      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rice Harvested - Selected States
[These 6 States harvested 100% of the 2018 rice acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Arkansas .......:     76            61            72            78      
California .....:     18            10            20            23      
Louisiana ......:     97            91            94            98      
Mississippi ....:     86            64            79            80      
Missouri .......:     57            44            65            60      
Texas ..........:     98            94            97            99      
                :                                                       
6 States .......:     69            58            68            71      
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Barley Harvested - Selected States
[These 5 States harvested 83% of the 2018 barley acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Idaho ..........:     100           98             99           100     
Minnesota ......:     100           99            100           100     
Montana ........:      95           85             92            97     
North Dakota ...:     100           94             97            99     
Washington .....:     100           84             88           100     
                :                                                       
5 States .......:     100           92             96           100     
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Winter Wheat Planted - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 90% of the 2018 winter wheat acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Arkansas .......:      3             2            10             5      
California .....:     15             5            10             7      
Colorado .......:     64            43            67            64      
Idaho ..........:     51            27            43            49      
Illinois .......:      7             1             4             6      
Indiana ........:     16             2             7            12      
Kansas .........:     38            15            30            31      
Michigan .......:     19            10            23            22      
Missouri .......:      7             1             3             7      
Montana ........:     31            15            40            56      
Nebraska .......:     69            51            71            73      
North Carolina .:      1             -             1             1      
Ohio ...........:      7            11            26            13      
Oklahoma .......:     39            21            45            37      
Oregon .........:     30            21            43            26      
South Dakota ...:     65            24            59            63      
Texas ..........:     40            23            34            36      
Washington .....:     68            47            61            65      
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     41            22            39            38      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                     

Winter Wheat Emerged - Selected States
[These 18 States planted 90% of the 2018 winter wheat acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Arkansas .......:      1           (NA)            1             -      
California .....:      -           (NA)            -             -      
Colorado .......:     36             18           39            31      
Idaho ..........:     13              3           12            14      
Illinois .......:      -           (NA)            -             -      
Indiana ........:      1           (NA)            -             1      
Kansas .........:     15              3           12            11      
Michigan .......:      5           (NA)            2             3      
Missouri .......:      2           (NA)            1             1      
Montana ........:     10           (NA)            1            12      
Nebraska .......:     28           (NA)           23            38      
North Carolina .:      -           (NA)            -             -      
Ohio ...........:      -           (NA)            -             1      
Oklahoma .......:      4           (NA)            5             7      
Oregon .........:      6              3           19             6      
South Dakota ...:     28              4           15            19      
Texas ..........:      4           (NA)            6            10      
Washington .....:     33              5           13            38      
                :                                                       
18 States ......:     12           (NA)           11            13      
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                   
(NA) Not available.                                                     

Spring Wheat Harvested - Selected States
[These 6 States harvested 99% of the 2018 spring wheat acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :             
                :-----------------------------------------:             
      State     :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,:  2014-2018  
                :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     :   Average   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                        
                :                                                       
Idaho ..........:     100           95             97           100     
Minnesota ......:     100           94             97           100     
Montana ........:      97           80             84            97     
North Dakota ...:     100           85             89            98     
South Dakota ...:     100           99            100           100     
Washington .....:     100           91             93           100     
                :                                                       
6 States .......:     100           87             90            99     
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Pasture and Range Condition - Selected States: Week Ending
September 29, 2019
[National pasture and range conditions for selected States are weighted
based on pasture acreage and/or livestock inventories]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                          
                :                                                           
Alabama ........:    15          36           35         14           -     
Arizona ........:     9          43           31         17           -     
Arkansas .......:     3          11           35         42           9     
California .....:    40           5           10         45           -     
Colorado .......:     2           6           29         58           5     
Connecticut ....:     -           -          100          -           -     
Delaware .......:     7          32           35         21           5     
Florida ........:     3          11           29         45          12     
Georgia ........:    15          34           33         17           1     
Idaho ..........:     2           4           29         52          13     
Illinois .......:     6          17           40         34           3     
Indiana ........:    18          28           35         17           2     
Iowa ...........:     4          11           40         38           7     
Kansas .........:     2           6           26         56          10     
Kentucky .......:    24          36           29         11           -     
Louisiana ......:     5          13           39         40           3     
Maine ..........:     -          40           60          -           -     
Maryland .......:     6          32           39         21           2     
Massachusetts ..:     -          20           40         40           -     
Michigan .......:     5          18           33         38           6     
Minnesota ......:     3           9           29         52           7     
Mississippi ....:     6          24           44         25           1     
Missouri .......:     1           6           25         58          10     
Montana ........:     -           5           26         43          26     
Nebraska .......:     1           3           14         62          20     
Nevada .........:    10          10           20         60           -     
New Hampshire ..:     9           7           35         49           -     
New Jersey .....:     7          14           19         60           -     
New Mexico .....:    10          25           40         10          15     
New York .......:     5          18           24         31          22     
North Carolina .:     9          33           38         18           2     
North Dakota ...:     1           4           21         56          18     
Ohio ...........:     7          28           37         27           1     
Oklahoma .......:     1           5           33         55           6     
Oregon .........:     6          23           32         33           6     
Pennsylvania ...:     2          28           32         33           5     
Rhode Island ...:     -          15           55         30           -     
South Carolina .:     8          36           38         17           1     
South Dakota ...:     1           4           17         51          27     
Tennessee ......:    11          34           40         13           2     
Texas ..........:    15          34           33         16           2     
Utah ...........:     2           8           36         49           5     
Vermont ........:     -          18           56         26           -     
Virginia .......:    40          34           18          8           -     
Washington .....:     7          22           37         32           2     
West Virginia ..:    28          35           27          9           1     
Wisconsin ......:     2           7           31         44          16     
Wyoming ........:     2           6           53         38           1     
                :                                                           
48 States ......:     8          17           30         37           8     
                :                                                           
Previous week ..:     7          17           31         38           7     
Previous year ..:     8          15           30         40           7     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                         

Days Suitable for Fieldwork - Selected States
[Days suitable for fieldwork are weighted based on
cropland acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :               Week ending               
                 :-----------------------------------------
      State      :September 29,:September 22,:September 29,
                 :    2018     :    2019     :    2019     
-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :                  Days                   
                 :                                         
Alabama .........:     4.0           6.7           6.2     
Arizona .........:     6.6           7.0           5.8     
Arkansas ........:     2.6           6.6           5.8     
California ......:     7.0           6.7           7.0     
Colorado ........:     6.6           6.7           6.8     
Connecticut .....:     4.0           7.0           6.5     
Delaware ........:     3.5           7.0           7.0     
Florida .........:     6.3           6.7           6.7     
Georgia .........:     5.7           6.6           6.8     
Idaho ...........:     6.9           5.4           5.9     
Illinois ........:     5.5           5.5           4.8     
Indiana .........:     4.4           6.6           6.0     
Iowa ............:     3.1           3.3           3.3     
Kansas ..........:     6.1           6.1           5.7     
Kentucky ........:     2.4           6.8           6.6     
Louisiana .......:     2.4           5.6           6.9     
Maine ...........:     5.1           6.3           4.0     
Maryland ........:     2.5           7.0           7.0     
Massachusetts ...:     5.0           7.0           6.5     
Michigan ........:     4.9           5.4           4.2     
Minnesota .......:     3.8           3.7           3.9     
Mississippi .....:     2.0           6.4           6.8     
Missouri ........:     5.8           5.7           4.2     
Montana .........:     4.6           3.9           3.8     
Nebraska ........:     5.1           5.4           5.5     
Nevada ..........:     7.0           7.0           4.2     
New Hampshire ...:     5.6           6.8           6.5     
New Jersey ......:     4.0           7.0           7.0     
New Mexico ......:     6.1           6.6           6.8     
New York ........:     4.0           6.0           5.5     
North Carolina ..:     4.8           6.9           6.8     
North Dakota ....:     4.2           4.0           3.0     
Ohio ............:     3.6           6.6           6.3     
Oklahoma ........:     6.1           6.1           5.7     
Oregon ..........:     6.9           5.7           5.9     
Pennsylvania ....:     3.0           6.5           6.5     
Rhode Island ....:     5.5           7.0           7.0     
South Carolina ..:     6.0           6.5           6.8     
South Dakota ....:     3.5           4.9           5.5     
Tennessee .......:     1.3           6.9           6.1     
Texas ...........:     5.0           5.8           5.7     
Utah ............:     7.0           6.6           5.9     
Vermont .........:     4.1           6.4           5.0     
Virginia ........:     3.4           6.9           6.9     
Washington ......:     6.8           4.9           4.1     
West Virginia ...:     2.4           6.8           6.7     
Wisconsin .......:     4.4           3.4           3.5     
Wyoming .........:     6.2           6.4           6.3     
-----------------------------------------------------------

Topsoil Moisture Condition - Selected States: Week Ending
September 29, 2019
[National topsoil moisture conditions for selected States are
weighted based on cropland acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :Very short :   Short   : Adequate  :  Surplus  
----------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    percent                    
                :                                               
Alabama ........:    49          44           7           -     
Arizona ........:     -          25          70           5     
Arkansas .......:    24          38          36           2     
California .....:    65          20          15           -     
Colorado .......:     7          38          54           1     
Connecticut ....:     -           -          95           5     
Delaware .......:    35          65           -           -     
Florida ........:    21          27          50           2     
Georgia ........:    63          29           8           -     
Idaho ..........:     5          33          58           4     
Illinois .......:     8          14          55          23     
Indiana ........:    20          32          41           7     
Iowa ...........:     -           4          74          22     
Kansas .........:     6          23          65           6     
Kentucky .......:    43          44          13           -     
Louisiana ......:    20          45          34           1     
Maine ..........:     -          16          21          63     
Maryland .......:    60          39           1           -     
Massachusetts ..:    17          63          19           1     
Michigan .......:     1           4          62          33     
Minnesota ......:     -           2          63          35     
Mississippi ....:    30          52          18           -     
Missouri .......:     3          18          62          17     
Montana ........:     -           5          78          17     
Nebraska .......:     1          13          79           7     
Nevada .........:    10          50          40           -     
New Hampshire ..:    24          34          42           -     
New Jersey .....:    12          23          65           -     
New Mexico .....:    16          43          40           1     
New York .......:     7           8          62          23     
North Carolina .:    27          44          29           -     
North Dakota ...:     -           2          60          38     
Ohio ...........:    20          34          44           2     
Oklahoma .......:     3          33          60           4     
Oregon .........:     8          18          73           1     
Pennsylvania ...:    10          31          58           1     
Rhode Island ...:     -          38          60           2     
South Carolina .:    44          41          15           -     
South Dakota ...:     -           1          74          25     
Tennessee ......:    35          43          22           -     
Texas ..........:    21          43          32           4     
Utah ...........:    10          27          61           2     
Vermont ........:     -          12          88           -     
Virginia .......:    52          36          12           -     
Washington .....:     2          13          74          11     
West Virginia ..:    41          44          15           -     
Wisconsin ......:     -           1          63          36     
Wyoming ........:    16          49          35           -     
                :                                               
48 States ......:    11          20          55          14     
                :                                               
Previous week ..:    11          22          55          12     
Previous year ..:     7          16          64          13     
----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                             

Subsoil Moisture Condition - Selected States: Week Ending
September 29, 2019
[National subsoil moisture conditions for selected States are
weighted based on cropland acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :Very short :   Short   : Adequate  :  Surplus  
----------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    percent                    
                :                                               
Alabama ........:    44          40          16           -     
Arizona ........:     -          26          71           3     
Arkansas .......:    20          40          37           3     
California .....:    65           5          30           -     
Colorado .......:     5          26          67           2     
Connecticut ....:     -           -          95           5     
Delaware .......:    58          39           3           -     
Florida ........:    18          25          51           6     
Georgia ........:    47          39          14           -     
Idaho ..........:    10          35          54           1     
Illinois .......:     8          15          64          13     
Indiana ........:    16          35          44           5     
Iowa ...........:     1           5          79          15     
Kansas .........:     5          18          73           4     
Kentucky .......:    34          46          20           -     
Louisiana ......:    16          24          58           2     
Maine ..........:     7           8          53          32     
Maryland .......:    51          38          11           -     
Massachusetts ..:    13          45          41           1     
Michigan .......:     3          11          71          15     
Minnesota ......:     -           2          63          35     
Mississippi ....:    25          54          21           -     
Missouri .......:     1           8          80          11     
Montana ........:     -          15          72          13     
Nebraska .......:     1           9          83           7     
Nevada .........:     5          45          50           -     
New Hampshire ..:    24          26          50           -     
New Jersey .....:     7          21          72           -     
New Mexico .....:    20          50          30           -     
New York .......:     7           7          60          26     
North Carolina .:    14          41          45           -     
North Dakota ...:     -           4          68          28     
Ohio ...........:    19          27          52           2     
Oklahoma .......:     3          37          56           4     
Oregon .........:    11          36          52           1     
Pennsylvania ...:     3          22          74           1     
Rhode Island ...:     -          10          90           -     
South Carolina .:    27          50          23           -     
South Dakota ...:     -           1          69          30     
Tennessee ......:    28          53          19           -     
Texas ..........:    21          49          28           2     
Utah ...........:     7          31          62           -     
Vermont ........:     -           6          94           -     
Virginia .......:    44          36          20           -     
Washington .....:     4          16          80           -     
West Virginia ..:    37          32          31           -     
Wisconsin ......:     -           1          64          35     
Wyoming ........:    21          48          31           -     
                :                                               
48 States ......:    10          20          59          11     
                :                                               
Previous week ..:     9          23          58          10     
Previous year ..:     9          19          62          10     
----------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                             

Crop Progress and Condition Tables Expected Next Week

Corn: Dented, Mature, Harvested, Condition	Soybeans: Dropping Leaves, 
Harvested, 
Cotton: Bolls Opening, Harvested, Condition	Condition
Pasture and Range: Condition	Spring Wheat: Harvested
Peanuts: Harvested, Condition	Sugarbeets: Harvested
Rice: Harvested	Sunflowers: Harvested
Sorghum: Mature, Harvested, Condition	Winter Wheat: Planted, Emerged
		Days Suitable for Fieldwork
	Topsoil Moisture Condition
	Subsoil Moisture Condition

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: Crop progress and condition estimates are based on survey 
data collected each week from early April through the end of November. The 
non-probability crop progress and condition surveys include input from 
approximately 3,600 respondents whose occupations provide them opportunities 
to make visual observations and frequently bring them in contact with farmers 
in their counties. Based on standard definitions, these respondents 
subjectively estimate the progress of crops through various stages of 
development, as well as the progress of producer activities. They also 
provide subjective evaluations of crop conditions.

Most respondents complete their questionnaires on Friday or early Monday 
morning and submit them to the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS) Field Offices in their States by mail, telephone, fax, e-mail, or 
through a secured internet website. A small number of reports are completed 
on Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Regardless of when questionnaires are 
completed, respondents are asked to report for the entire week ending on 
Sunday. For reports submitted prior to the Sunday reference date, a degree of 
uncertainty is introduced by projections for weekend changes in progress and 
condition. By the end of the 2018 season, over 95 percent of the data were 
being submitted through the internet website. As a result, the majority of 
all data are submitted on Monday morning, significantly reducing projection 
uncertainty.

Respondents are sent written reporting instructions at the beginning of each 
season and are contacted periodically to ensure proper reporting. Terms and 
definitions of crop stages and condition categories used as reporting 
guidelines are available on the NASS website at 
www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/National_Crop_Progress.

Estimating Procedures: Reported data are reviewed for reasonableness and 
consistency by comparing with data reported the previous week and data 
reported in surrounding counties for the current week. Field Offices 
summarize the reported data to district and State levels, weighting each 
county's reported data by NASS county acreage estimates. Summarized 
indications are compared with previous week estimates, and progress items are 
compared with earlier stages of development and historical averages to ensure 
reasonableness. Weather events and respondent comments are also taken into 
consideration. State estimates are submitted to the Agricultural Statistics 
Board (ASB) along with supporting comments, where they are compared with 
surrounding States and compiled into a National level summary by weighting 
each State by its acreage estimates. National crop planting progress, 
progress of development stages, and condition estimates are weighted using 
the program State's average planted acres over the previous three crop years. 
National crop harvest progress estimates are weighted using the program 
State's average harvested acres over the previous three crop years. Pasture 
and range condition is weighted using pasture acreage and/or livestock 
inventories from the most recent Census of Agriculture. Days suitable for 
fieldwork, topsoil moisture and subsoil moisture are weighted using cropland 
acreage from the Census of Agriculture.
 
Revision Policy: Progress and condition estimates in the Crop Progress report 
are released after 4:00 pm ET on the first business day of the week. These 
estimates are subject to revision the following week.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural 
Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch................................................ (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section   (202) 720-2127
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports   (202) 720-8800
     Chris Hawthorn- Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet   (202) 720-9526
     James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay   (202) 690-8533
     Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans   (202) 690-3234
     Jannety Mosley - Crop Weather, Barley   (202) 720-7621
     Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice................................................. (202) 720-7688
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat   (202) 720-8068
Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum   (202) 720-5944
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds................................. (202) 720-7369

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
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