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USDA - NASS: Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption and Stocks (2020-12-01)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - December 1, 2020


Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption 
and Stocks

ISSN: 2379-9862

Released December 1, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

September 2020 contained 30 days.
October 2020 contained 31 days.

Soybeans crushed for crude oil was 5.90 million tons (197 million bushels) in 
October 2020, compared with 
5.13 million tons (171 million bushels) in September 2020 and 5.62 million 
tons (187 million bushels) in October 2019. Crude oil produced was 2.28 
billion pounds up 16 percent from September 2020 and up 6 percent from 
October 2019. Soybean once refined oil production at 1.59 billion pounds 
during October 2020 increased 6 percent from September 2020 and increased 
1 percent from October 2019.

Canola seeds crushed for crude oil was 215,878 tons in October 2020, compared 
with 208,338 tons in 
September 2020 and 188,299 tons in October 2019. Canola crude oil produced 
was 179 million pounds, up 3 percent from September 2020 and up 14 percent 
from October 2019. Canola once refined oil production, at 154 million pounds 
during October 2020, was down 6 percent from September 2020 but up 26 percent 
from October 2019. 

Cottonseed once refined oil production, at 42.5 million pounds during October 
2020, was up 13 percent from September 2020 but down less than 1 percent from October 
2019.

Edible tallow production was 62.8 million pounds during October 2020, down 
30 percent from September 2020 and down 15 percent from October 2019. 
Inedible tallow production was 254 million pounds during October 2020, 
down 23 percent from September 2020 and down 14 percent from October 2019. 
Technical tallow production was 96.2 million pounds during October 2020, down 
28 percent from September 2020 and down 6 percent from October 2019. Choice 
white grease production, at 96.6 million pounds during October 2020, decreased 
9 percent from September 2020 and decreased 15 percent from October 2019.

Soybean Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: October 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : October 2019  :September 2020 : October 2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Crush                                                       :                                               
Soybeans crushed........................................tons:   5,615,616       5,131,665       5,897,079   
Crude oil produced..............................1,000 pounds:   2,149,969       1,967,621       2,282,471   
Cake and meal produced..................................tons:   4,105,453       3,754,168       4,335,054   
  For animal feed.......................................tons:   4,057,404       3,704,259       4,289,031   
  For edible protein products...........................tons:      48,049          49,909          46,023   
Millfeed produced.......................................tons:     276,379         255,248         280,538   
                                                            :                                               
Refine                                                      :                                               
Crude oil processed in refining.................1,000 pounds:   1,610,868       1,531,074       1,629,314   
Once refined oil produced.......................1,000 pounds:   1,566,003       1,496,712       1,589,296   
                                                            :                                               
Consumption                                                 :                                               
Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing1,000 pounds:         (D)         134,972         113,410   
Once refined oil removed for use in processing..1,000 pounds:   1,624,992       1,564,267       1,604,862   
  Removed for edible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:   1,137,516       1,126,090       1,180,758   
  Removed for inedible use in processing........1,000 pounds:     487,476         438,177         424,104   
                                                            :                                               
Stocks                                                      :                                               
Cake and meal on hand end of month......................tons:     335,183         312,944         342,914   
Millfeed on hand end of month...........................tons:      30,176          28,392          31,285   
Crude oil on hand end of month..................1,000 pounds:   1,471,929       1,503,344       1,564,319   
  Crusher.......................................1,000 pounds:     646,004         600,806         689,025   
  Refiner.......................................1,000 pounds:     412,870         328,136         288,339   
  Offsite.......................................1,000 pounds:     413,055         574,402         586,955   
Once refined oil on hand end of month...........1,000 pounds:     349,029         345,186         399,547   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                            

Soybean Crushing - Regional: October 2020 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                          Soybeans crushed                          
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     October 2019     :    September 2020    :     October 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        650,019                596,321                701,837       
Iowa........................:      1,175,367              1,129,883              1,179,232       
North and East 1/ ..........:      1,339,397              1,197,052              1,353,433       
North Central 2/ ...........:        863,537                785,032                945,362       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        623,946                582,097                736,784       
West Central 4/ ............:        963,350                841,280                980,431       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                         Crude oil produced                         
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     October 2019     :    September 2020    :     October 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            1,000 pounds                            
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        255,867                234,411                273,528       
Iowa........................:        452,784                435,255                465,886       
North and East 1/ ..........:        516,049                459,483                518,764       
North Central 2/ ...........:        311,889                288,812                357,605       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        242,801                225,880                287,805       
West Central 4/ ............:        370,579                323,780                378,883       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                    Crude oil stocks at crusher                     
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     October 2019     :    September 2020    :     October 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                            1,000 pounds                            
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:         99,680                 70,521                 85,740       
Iowa........................:         97,692                 98,426                118,238       
North and East 1/ ..........:        181,614                128,751                155,644       
North Central 2/ ...........:        171,529                145,079                167,485       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:         55,456                 57,438                 50,435       
West Central 4/ ............:         40,033                100,591                111,483       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                       Cake and meal produced                       
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     October 2019     :    September 2020    :     October 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:        466,761                428,802                508,750       
Iowa........................:        862,818                827,995                865,397       
North and East 1/ ..........:        982,999                873,751                988,468       
North Central 2/ ...........:        632,993                581,941                706,839       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:        455,123                424,571                539,615       
West Central 4/ ............:        704,759                617,108                725,985       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                        Cake and meal stocks                        
                            :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           Region           :     October 2019     :    September 2020    :     October 2020     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :                                tons                                
                            :                                                                    
Illinois....................:         72,400                    (D)                 67,835       
Iowa........................:         36,425                 30,215                 57,555       
North and East 1/ ..........:         98,909                 91,693                 70,234       
North Central 2/ ...........:         32,419                 57,606                 56,982       
South, West and Pacific 3/ .:         47,497                 20,300                    (D)       
West Central 4/ ............:         47,533                    (D)                    (D)       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                 
1/  North and East includes Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia.        
2/  North Central includes Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota.                   
3/  South, West, and Pacific includes Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana,         
    Mississippi, North Carolina and South Carolina.                                              
4/  West Central includes Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska.                                         

Selected Oilseed Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: October 2020 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Item                              : October 2019  :September 2020 : October 2020  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Canola                                                          :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Seeds crushed.............................................tons:    188,299         208,338         215,878    
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:    157,494         174,436         179,038    
  Cake and meal produced....................................tons:    104,798         121,434         123,169    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:    126,656         169,510         159,030    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:    122,814         163,924         154,477    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    164,830         174,345         172,382    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Cake and meal on hand end of month........................tons:        (D)          42,075          33,734    
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     49,977          39,855          57,142    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     96,591          92,021          93,198    
                                                                :                                               
Cottonseed                                                      :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Seeds crushed.............................................tons:    145,485         148,955         141,299    
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:     39,876          37,705          40,744    
  Cake and meal produced....................................tons:     67,942          61,105          64,119    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     44,145          38,576          43,771    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     42,663          37,592          42,457    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     44,235          39,531          46,724    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Cake and meal on hand end of month........................tons:     36,310          24,872          24,069    
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     10,242             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     22,131          28,538          26,305    
                                                                :                                               
Coconut                                                         :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     69,706          62,021          61,348    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:        (D)          60,283          58,796    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    104,223             (D)          70,298    
                                                                :                                               
Corn                                                            :                                               
Crush                                                           :                                               
  Crude oil produced................................1,000 pounds:    141,999         158,100         167,262    
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (S)         162,083         159,689    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (S)         156,064         154,065    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:        (S)         143,522         129,659    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     25,942          48,703          51,473    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:        (S)          53,292          52,677    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                                     --continued

Selected Oilseed Crushing, Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: October 2020 with
Comparisons (continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Item                              : October 2019  :September 2020 : October 2020  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Palm kernel                                                     :                                               
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     26,320          45,952          62,643    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     73,522          72,289          96,637    
                                                                :                                               
Palm                                                            :                                               
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:    227,307         237,079         257,716    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:    221,623         231,220         245,336    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:      5,684           5,859          12,380    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:    349,001         377,582         334,787    
                                                                :                                               
Peanut                                                          :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:        (D)          26,279          39,415    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:        (D)          24,096          37,975    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     41,023          22,711          35,875    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     13,690          24,993           7,440    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
                                                                :                                               
Safflower                                                       :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:      6,119           3,472           4,454    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:      6,119           3,401           4,363    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:      6,186           4,895           3,904    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:      5,831           3,409           5,887    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:      2,549             (D)             (D)    
                                                                :                                               
Sunflower                                                       :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil processed in refining...................1,000 pounds:     33,850          36,337          56,477    
  Once refined oil produced.........................1,000 pounds:     32,512          36,124          55,623    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Crude oil removed for inedible use in processing..1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Once refined oil removed for use in processing....1,000 pounds:     34,865          32,377          37,165    
    Removed for edible use in processing............1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Crude oil on hand end of month....................1,000 pounds:     25,571          33,829          33,468    
  Once refined oil on hand end of month.............1,000 pounds:     17,693          14,133          19,194    
                                                                :                                               
Vegetable foots, raw and acidulated                             :                                               
Refine                                                          :                                               
  Oil produced......................................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Consumption                                                     :                                               
  Oil removed for inedible use in processing........1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Stocks                                                          :                                               
  Oil on hand end of month..........................1,000 pounds:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                    

Animal Fats and Oils Production, Consumption and Stocks - United States: October 2020 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : October 2019  :September 2020 : October 2020  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            :                 1,000 pounds                  
                                                            :                                               
Choice white grease                                         :                                               
  Production................................................:    114,003         105,618          96,576    
  Removed for inedible use..................................:    114,390         106,395          94,307    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:      6,564           9,317          11,586    
Feather meal                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:    102,181         108,896          99,801    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     28,890          26,915          26,098    
Lard                                                        :                                               
  Production................................................:     26,027          24,641          24,052    
  Removed for use in processing.............................:     25,995          28,742          21,459    
    Removed for edible use in processing....................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     13,481           6,644             (D)    
Meat meal, meat and bone meal, and dry rendered tankage     :                                               
  Production................................................:    479,991         501,547         410,785    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     73,653          68,587          68,549    
Other grease                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:     36,366          41,658          35,938    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:     39,188          43,021          38,357    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
Poultry fats                                                :                                               
  Production................................................:    210,770         237,473         209,067    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    213,331         238,683         212,259    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     26,255          34,166          30,974    
Poultry by-product meals                                    :                                               
  Production................................................:    284,748         316,491         281,576    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     49,894          46,057          43,748    
Tallow, edible                                              :                                               
  Production................................................:     74,146          90,142          62,801    
  Removed for use in processing.............................:     79,461          92,794          63,866    
    Removed for edible use in processing....................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
    Removed for inedible use in processing..................:        (D)             (D)             (D)    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:     19,586             (D)             (D)    
Tallow, inedible                                            :                                               
  Production................................................:    294,442         328,260         254,285    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    289,695         330,149         250,299    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:    103,587          93,602          97,587    
Tallow, technical                                           :                                               
  Production................................................:    102,806         132,756          96,225    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    109,745         135,434          94,454    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:      8,677             (D)             (D)    
Yellow grease                                               :                                               
  Production................................................:    179,761         186,640         177,213    
  Removed for inedible use in processing....................:    171,548         183,228         190,813    
  Stocks on hand end of month...............................:    109,292          93,843          80,062    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                            

Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Fats and Oils: Oilseed Crushings, Production, Consumption 
and Stocks is part of the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) 
program. CAIR reports are administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture 
program. Response to CAIR surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). 
Animal and vegetable fats and oils data are collected from all known 
facilities that crush, refine or render. Crushing facilities include 
processors that use either solvent extraction or continuous screw press.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of 
rendering, oilseeds crushing, and crude oil refining in 2014. 

In the Animal and Vegetable Fats and Oils survey questionnaire, facilities 
are asked for previous calendar month data on oilseed crushing, crude oil 
production, once refined oil production, rendering production, and end of 
month stocks. Facilities are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Survey data are based on a census of all known facilities and 
therefore, have no sampling variability. Monthly data can vary due to 
different firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to 
non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in 
processing the data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are 
minimized by carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Chris Hawthorn, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-2127
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather.............................. (202) 720-7621
     Joshua Bates - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     Becky Sommer  - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum......... (202) 720-5944
     James Johanson - Barley, County Estimates, Hay........... (202) 690-8533
     Greg Lemmons - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.............. (202) 720-9526
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     John Stephens - Peanuts, Rice............................ (202) 720-7688
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

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site: www.nass.usda.gov

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For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
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