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USDA - NASS: Potato Stocks (2020-06-16)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - June 16, 2020


Potato Stocks

ISSN: 1949-1565

Released June 16, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Potato Stocks Down 4 Percent from June 2019 for Comparable States

Potato States held 67.0 million cwt in storage on June 1, 2020, 
down 4 percent from June 1, 2019 for comparable States. Potatoes in storage 
accounted for 16 percent of the States' 2019 production compared with 
17 percent for comparable States a year earlier. The indicated potato 
disappearance, at 356 million cwt, was down 3 percent from the same period 
last year for comparable States. Season-to-date shrink and loss was reported 
as 24.3 million cwt. Processors in the 8 major States used 187 million cwt of 
potatoes for the season, down 1 percent from June 2019.

Potato Production and Stocks - States and United States: June 1, 2019-2020
[Stocks include processor holdings and most of the seed to plant following year's crop. Seed usage for all seasons in 2019 totaled 27.6
million cwt]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                   Crop of 2018                   :                           Crop of 2019                            
                 :----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :                :     Stocks     :  June stocks   :                :     Stocks     :     Stocks     :  June stocks   
                 :   Production   :    June 1,     :  as a percent  :   Production   :    April 1,    :    June 1,     :  as a percent  
                 :                :      2019      :       of       :                :      2020      :      2020      :       of       
                 :                :                :   production   :                :                :                :   production   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    ------- 1,000 cwt ------          percent          --------------- 1,000 cwt ---------------          percent     
                 :                                                                                                                      
California 1/ ...:      3,212              (D)             (D)            18,601              600              (D)             (D)      
Colorado ........:     21,722            3,000              14            19,219            5,700            2,700              14      
Florida 2/ ......:      5,512             (NA)            (NA)             7,074              (D)              (D)             (D)      
Idaho ...........:    141,750           34,000              24           130,900           49,000           26,000              20      
Maine ...........:     15,035            1,500              10            16,223            6,300            2,100              13      
Michigan ........:     18,240              300               2            19,763            3,900              900               5      
Minnesota .......:     18,705            4,200              22            18,040            7,100            5,000              28      
Montana 3/ ......:      3,885               70               2              (NA)             (NA)             (NA)            (NA)      
Nebraska ........:      9,264              (D)             (D)             9,456            2,600              (D)             (D)      
New York 3/ .....:      3,886              400              10              (NA)             (NA)             (NA)            (NA)      
                 :                                                                                                                      
North Dakota ....:     23,725            2,800              12            20,300            5,900            2,500              12      
Oregon ..........:     27,000            3,900              14            25,144            8,900            3,600              14      
Texas 2/ ........:      7,438             (NA)            (NA)             6,825              (D)              (D)             (D)      
Washington ......:    100,800           14,800              15           103,125           29,000           17,500              17      
Wisconsin .......:     27,135            4,700              17            28,220           10,800            6,100              22      
                 :                                                                                                                      
Other States 4/ .:          -              700             (X)                 -              550              600             (X)      
                 :                                                                                                                      
Total 5/ ........:    414,359           70,370              17           422,890          130,350           67,000              16      
                 :                                                                                                                      
Klamath Basin 6/ :       (NA)              (D)            (NA)              (NA)            1,300              (D)            (NA)      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                                                                   
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                                     
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                                                                    
1/   Prior to 2019, the production and stocks estimates represent fall potatoes. Beginning in 2019, they represent all potatoes.        
2/   Estimates began in 2019.                                                                                                           
3/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                                                                    
4/   Includes data withheld above.                                                                                                      
5/   For 2018, production total excludes Florida and Texas.                                                                             
6/   Includes potato stocks in California and Klamath County, Oregon. Already included in the total.                                    

Potato Production and Stocks - 13 Major States: 2010-2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Crop  :                                        Stocks                                         
         :---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   year  :Production:December 1:January 1 :February 1: March 1  : April 1  :  May 1   :  June 1  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         :                                       1,000 cwt                                       
         :                                                                                       
2010 ....: 357,467    240,200    209,400    180,300    148,500    111,000     72,000     41,320  
2011 ....: 382,318    253,000       (NA)    187,500       (NA)    115,650       (NA)     43,340  
2012 ....: 410,367    271,500       (NA)    204,600       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)  
2013 ....: 388,204       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       (NA)    119,450       (NA)     47,085  
2014 ....: 399,118    267,500       (NA)    206,600       (NA)    139,200       (NA)     63,535  
2015 ....: 403,062    267,900       (NA)    205,900       (NA)    137,200       (NA)     60,080  
2016 ....: 412,688    275,800       (NA)    213,000       (NA)    142,600       (NA)     67,570  
2017 ....: 406,800    277,900       (NA)    210,600       (NA)    138,800       (NA)     63,740  
2018 ....: 414,359    279,300       (NA)    212,800       (NA)    144,700       (NA)     70,370  
2019 1/ .: 422,890    266,400       (NA)    203,100       (NA)    130,350       (NA)     67,000  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                              
1/   Prior to 2019, the production and stocks estimates represent fall potatoes. Beginning in    
     2019, they represent all potatoes.                                                          

Quantity of Potatoes Used for Processing - 8 States: 2018-2020
[Total quantity received and used for processing regardless of the State in which the potatoes were produced. Blank cells indicate
estimation period had not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      :   Current   :                                  Following year                                   
                 State                :    year     :           :           :           :           :           :           :           
                                      :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      : December 1, :January 1, :February 1,: March 1,  : April 1,  :  May 1,   :  June 1,  :  Season   
                                      :    2018     :   2019    :   2019    :   2019    :   2019    :   2019    :   2019    :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      :                                            1,000 cwt                                            
                                      :                                                                                                 
Idaho and Malheur County, Oregon .....:   25,325       32,020       39,495      47,395      55,250      63,225      71,340      95,974  
Maine ................................:    1,470        1,890        2,400       2,870       3,450       3,870       4,290       5,050  
Washington and Oregon ................:   36,405       43,420       50,400      57,720      65,095      71,405      79,130      97,176  
                                      :                                                                                                 
Other States 1/ ......................:   10,643       15,048       18,836      23,479      27,079      30,423      34,392      40,470  
                                      :                                                                                                 
United States ........................:   73,843       92,378      111,131     131,464     150,874     168,923     189,152     238,670  
                                      :                                                                                                 
Dehydrated 2/ ........................:   13,810       17,065       20,775      24,420      28,315      32,620      36,660      47,648  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      :   Current   :                                  Following year                                   
                 State                :    year     :           :           :           :           :           :           :           
                                      :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      : December 1, :January 1, :February 1,: March 1,  : April 1,  :  May 1,   :  June 1,  :  Season   
                                      :    2019     :   2020    :   2020    :   2020    :   2020    :   2020    :   2020    :           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      :                                            1,000 cwt                                            
                                      :                                                                                                 
Idaho and Malheur County, Oregon .....:   26,655       33,155       39,840      48,100      55,965      61,825      69,585              
Maine ................................:    1,585        2,050        2,610       2,875       3,285       3,590       4,040              
Washington and Oregon ................:   34,755       42,045       49,685      59,535      67,325      71,280      78,895              
                                      :                                                                                                 
Other States 1/ ......................:   13,315       17,485       21,170      24,940      28,430      31,263      34,565              
                                      :                                                                                                 
United States ........................:   76,310       94,735      113,305     135,450     155,005     167,958     187,085              
                                      :                                                                                                 
Dehydrated 2/ ........................:   11,850       15,075       18,620      21,985      25,695      28,965      32,270              
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Colorado, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin.                                                               
2/ Dehydrated products except starch and flour. Includes Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Oregon, and Washington.                            

Accumulated Potato Shrinkage and Loss - 13 Major States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :      Current      :                  :                   :             :             :             :             
  Crop  :       year        :                                        Following year                                        
  year  :------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        : December 1, 2018  : January 1, 2019  : February 1, 2019  :March 1, 2019:April 1, 2019: May 1, 2019 :June 1, 2019 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :                                                   million cwt                                                    
        :                                                                                                                  
2018 ...:       12.2                13.8               15.5             17.2          18.6          20.2          22.0     

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :      Current      :                  :                   :             :             :             :             
  Crop  :       year        :                                        Following year                                        
  year  :------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        : December 1, 2019  : January 1, 2020  : February 1, 2020  :March 1, 2020:April 1, 2020: May 1, 2020 :June 1, 2020 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :                                                   million cwt                                                    
        :                                                                                                                  
2019 ...:       13.4                14.9               16.6             18.7          20.3          22.1          24.3     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: The June 1 potato stocks estimate in this report are based 
primarily on a survey conducted in the first week of June in the potato 
producing States. The potato stocks survey is a probability survey that 
includes a sample of approximately 885 growers, processors, and storage 
facilities that are contacted to obtain the quantity of potatoes stored as of 
the first of the month, as well as monthly shrinkage and loss information. 

Monthly processing data is collected from a census of all known potato 
processing facilities in eight States (Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Minnesota, 
North Dakota, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin).  An effort is made to 
obtain a report from all facilities. Estimates are made for missing 
facilities to make the survey complete.

Data was collected by mail, internet, telephone, or personal interview to 
obtain information on potato stocks, monthly potato processing, and monthly 
shrink and loss.

Estimating Procedures: Information obtained from the potato stocks survey, 
processing survey, and federal administrative data, is used to establish 
estimates of stocks, shrinkage and loss, and processing usage. These 
estimates are reviewed for errors, reasonableness, and consistency with 
historical estimates.

Revision Policy: Stocks, shrink and loss, and processing estimates for the 
previous estimating period are subject to revision based on late and/or 
updated information. At the end of the marketing season, all information 
available, including disposition data, are thoroughly reviewed and any 
necessary revisions for the entire crop year are published in the Potatoes 
Annual Summary released in September.

Reliability: Reliability of the stocks and processing data must be treated 
separately because the survey designs for the two surveys are very different. 
The stocks estimates are subject to sampling variability because all 
operations holding stocks are not included in the sample. This variability, 
as measured by the relative standard error at the United States level, is 
approximately 9.7 percent. This means that chances are approximately 95 out 
of 100 that survey estimates for stocks will be within plus or minus 
16.7 percent of the value that could be developed by averaging the estimates 
produced from all possible samples selected from the same population and 
surveyed using the same procedures. 

Survey indications are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omission, 
duplication, imputation for missing data, and mistakes in reporting, 
recording, and processing the data. Processing, as well as stocks, are 
subject to these types of errors. These errors cannot be measured directly, 
but they are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection 
process and a careful review of all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural 
Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.................................................. (202) 720-2127

Vacant, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section........................ (202) 720-2127
Fleming Gibson - Almonds, Apples, Apricots, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions,
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco................................................ (202) 720-5412
Fleming Gibson - Cauliflower, Celery, Grapefruit, Lemons, Macadamia,
Mandarins and tangerines, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges.............................. (202) 720-5412
Heidi Lanouette - Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins, 
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes,
Tame Blueberries, Wild Blueberries................................................ (202) 720-4285
Dan Norris - Artichokes, Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Lentils,
Nectarines, Papayas, Peaches, Snap Beans, Spinach, Walnuts, Watermelons .......... (202) 720-3250
Krishna Rizal - Dry Beans, Garlic, Hazelnuts, Honeydews, Kiwifruit, Lettuce,
Maple Syrup, Mint, Pears, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Tomatoes................. (202) 720-2157
Dawn Smoker - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas, 
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans.......................... (202) 720-4215

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
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For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
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nass@usda.gov. 
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