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USDA - NASS: United States and Canadian Cattle (2020-03-05)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - March 5, 2020


United States and Canadian Cattle and Sheep

ISSN: 1949-1859

Released March 5, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

United States and Canadian Cattle Inventory Down 1 Percent

All cattle and calves in the United States and Canada combined totaled 
105.6 million head on January 1, 2020, down 1 percent from the 106.2 million 
head on January 1, 2019. All cows and heifers that have calved inventory at 
45.2 million head, down 1 percent from a year ago.

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2020 totaled 
94.4 million head, down slightly from the 94.8 million head on January 1, 2019.
All cows and heifers that have calved inventory at 40.7 million head, down  
1 percent from a year ago.

All cattle and calves in Canada as of January 1, 2020 totaled 11.2 million 
head, down 2 percent from the 11.4 million on January 1, 2019. All cows and 
heifers that have calved inventory at 4.54 million, down 2 percent from a 
year ago.

United States and Canadian Sheep Inventory Down 1 Percent

All sheep and lambs in the United States and Canada combined totaled 6.00 
million head on January 1, 2020, down 
1 percent from the 6.07 million on January 1, 2019. Breeding sheep inventory 
at 4.40 million head, down 1 percent from a year ago. Market sheep and lambs 
totaled 1.60 million head, down 1 percent from last year.

All sheep and lambs in the United States as of January 1, 2020 totaled 5.20 
million head, 1 percent below the 
5.23 million head on January 1, 2019. Breeding sheep inventory at 3.81 
million head, down slightly from a year ago. Market sheep and lambs totaled 
1.39 million head, down 1 percent from last year.

All sheep and lambs in Canada as of January 1, 2020 totaled 802 thousand 
head, down 4 percent from last year's number of 835 thousand. Breeding sheep 
inventory at 590 thousand head, down 5 percent from last year. Market sheep 
and lambs totaled 213 thousand head, down 2 percent from a year ago.

Cattle and Calf Inventory by Class and Calf Crop - United States and Canada:
January 1, 2015-2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Class                 :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :              1,000 head               
                                        :                                       
Cattle and calves ......................:100,813.0 103,498.0 105,159.6 105,863.0
                                        :                                       
Cows and heifers that have calved ......: 43,299.5  44,095.1  45,164.4  45,545.4
  Beef cows ............................: 33,042.0  33,839.0  34,850.9  35,141.0
  Milk cows ............................: 10,257.5  10,256.1  10,313.5  10,404.4
                                        :                                       
All other cattle .......................: 57,513.5  59,402.9  59,995.2  60,317.6
                                        :                                       
Calf crop 1/ ...........................: 38,284.4  39,335.1  40,104.3  40,599.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  January to December calf crop.                                              
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service and Livestock and Animal       
Products Section, Statistics Canada.                                            

Cattle and Calf Inventory by Class and Calf Crop - United States and Canada:
January 1, 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :            :            :  2020 as   
                  Class                 :    2019    :    2020    :  percent   
                                        :            :            :  of 2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        : ----- 1,000 head -----     percent   
                                        :                                      
Cattle and calves ......................: 106,244.7    105,633.3        99     
                                        :                                      
Cows and heifers that have calved ......:  45,678.0     45,194.0        99     
  Beef cows ............................:  35,346.7     34,878.1        99     
  Milk cows ............................:  10,331.3     10,315.9       100     
                                        :                                      
All other cattle .......................:  60,566.7     60,439.3       100     
                                        :                                      
Calf crop 1/ ...........................:  40,310.5                    (X)     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X)  Not applicable.                                                           
1/ January to December calf crop.                                              
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service and Livestock and Animal      
Products Section, Statistics Canada.                                           

Cattle and Calf Inventory by Class and Calf Crop - United States:
January 1, 2015-2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Class                 :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :              1,000 head               
                                        :                                       
Cattle and calves ......................:89,173.0  91,888.0  93,624.6  94,298.0 
                                        :                                       
Cows and heifers that have calved ......:38,644.0  39,476.2  40,539.2  40,898.3 
  Beef cows ............................:29,332.1  30,163.8  31,170.7  31,466.2 
  Milk cows ............................: 9,311.9   9,312.4   9,368.5   9,432.1 
                                        :                                       
Heifers 500 pounds and over ............:19,266.2  19,902.3  20,112.0  20,217.8 
  For beef cow replacement .............: 6,086.4   6,335.2   6,363.2   6,108.2 
  For milk cow replacement .............: 4,710.4   4,814.0   4,754.0   4,768.3 
  Other heifers ........................: 8,469.4   8,753.1   8,994.8   9,341.3 
                                        :                                       
Steers 500 pounds and over .............:15,629.5  16,305.4  16,373.5  16,528.2 
Bulls 500 pounds and over ..............: 2,109.4   2,137.4   2,243.6   2,252.3 
Calves under 500 pounds ................:13,523.9  14,066.7  14,356.3  14,401.4 
                                        :                                       
Calf crop 1/ ...........................:34,086.7  35,062.7  35,758.2  36,312.7 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ January to December calf crop.                                               
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service.                               

Cattle and Calf Inventory by Class and Calf Crop - United States:
January 1, 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :            :            :  2020 as   
                  Class                 :    2019    :    2020    :  percent   
                                        :            :            :  of 2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :  ----- 1,000 head ----     percent   
                                        :                                      
Cattle and calves ......................:  94,804.7     94,413.3       100     
                                        :                                      
Cows and heifers that have calved ......:  41,044.1     40,651.3        99     
  Beef cows ............................:  31,690.7     31,316.7        99     
  Milk cows ............................:   9,353.4      9,334.6       100     
                                        :                                      
Heifers 500 pounds and over ............:  20,210.0     20,114.4       100     
  For beef cow replacement .............:   5,884.9      5,771.9        98     
  For milk cow replacement .............:   4,701.5      4,637.0        99     
  Other heifers ........................:   9,623.6      9,705.5       101     
                                        :                                      
Steers 500 pounds and over .............:  16,757.7     16,671.2        99     
Bulls 500 pounds and over ..............:   2,253.0      2,237.4        99     
Calves under 500 pounds ................:  14,539.9     14,739.0       101     
                                        :                                      
Calf crop 1/ ...........................:  36,059.6                    (X)     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X)  Not applicable.                                                           
1/ January to December calf crop.                                              
Source:  National Agricultural Statistics Service.                             

Cattle and Calf Inventory by Class and Calf Crop - Canada: January 1, 2015-2018
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Class                 :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :              1,000 head               
                                        :                                       
Cattle and calves ......................:11,640.0  11,610.0  11,535.0  11,565.0 
                                        :                                       
Cows and heifers that have calved ......: 4,655.5   4,618.9   4,625.2   4,647.1 
  Beef cows ............................: 3,709.9   3,675.2   3,680.2   3,674.8 
  Milk cows ............................:   945.6     943.7     945.0     972.3 
                                        :                                       
Heifers 1 year and over ................: 1,766.4   1,756.7   1,718.9   1,727.9 
  For beef cow replacement .............:   531.5     564.8     563.3     561.6 
  For milk cow replacement .............:   427.3     428.6     423.6     433.2 
  Other heifers ........................:   807.6     763.3     732.0     733.1 
                                        :                                       
Steers 1 year and over .................: 1,229.8   1,205.6   1,191.2   1,243.0 
Bulls 1 year and over ..................:   212.0     212.7     213.1     215.3 
Calves under 1 year ....................: 3,776.3   3,816.1   3,786.6   3,731.7 
                                        :                                       
Calf crop 1/ ...........................: 4,197.7   4,272.4   4,346.1   4,286.9 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ January to December calf crop.                                               
Source: Livestock and Animal Products Section, Statistics Canada.               

Cattle and Calf Inventory by Class and Calf Crop - Canada:
January 1, 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :            :            :  2020 as   
                  Class                 :    2019    :    2020    :  percent   
                                        :            :            :  of 2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :  ----- 1,000 head ----     percent   
                                        :                                      
Cattle and calves ......................:  11,440.0     11,220.0        98     
                                        :                                      
Cows and heifers that have calved ......:   4,633.9      4,542.7        98     
  Beef cows ............................:   3,656.0      3,561.4        97     
  Milk cows ............................:     977.9        981.3       100     
                                        :                                      
Heifers 1 year and over ................:   1,726.8      1,684.7        98     
  For beef cow replacement .............:     549.8        515.0        94     
  For milk cow replacement .............:     432.0        438.5       102     
  Other heifers ........................:     745.0        731.2        98     
                                        :                                      
Steers 1 year and over .................:   1,171.1      1,088.2        93     
Bulls 1 year and over ..................:     212.2        200.4        94     
Calves under 1 year ....................:   3,696.0      3,704.0       100     
                                        :                                      
Calf crop 1/ ...........................:   4,250.9                    (X)     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X)  Not applicable.                                                           
1/ January to December calf crop.                                              
Source: Livestock and Animal Products Section, Statistics Canada.              

Sheep and Lamb Inventory by Class and Lamb Crop - United States and Canada:
January 1, 2015-2018
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Class                    :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :              1,000 head               
                                             :                                       
All sheep and lambs .........................: 6,094.3   6,110.1   6,083.9   6,094.4 
                                             :                                       
Breeding sheep and lambs ....................: 4,552.1   4,555.6   4,504.6   4,480.4 
  Replacement lambs - under one year old ....:   727.8     739.3     741.5     740.9 
  Ewes - one year old and older .............: 3,624.3   3,616.8   3,569.1   3,545.9 
  Rams - one year old and older .............:   200.0     199.5     194.0     193.6 
                                             :                                       
Market sheep and lambs ......................: 1,542.2   1,554.5   1,579.3   1,614.0 
  Market sheep 1/ ...........................:    85.0      75.0      76.0      80.0 
  Market lambs 2/ ...........................: 1,457.2   1,479.5   1,503.3   1,534.0 
                                             :                                       
Lamb crop 3/ ................................: 4,133.9   4,121.8   4,085.4   4,073.7 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ United States market sheep only.                                                  
2/ Canada market lambs include small amounts of market sheep.                        
3/  January to December lamb crop.                                                   
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service and Statistics Canada, Livestock and
Animal Products Section.                                                             

Sheep and Lamb Inventory by Class and Lamb Crop - United States and Canada:
January 1, 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :            :            :  2020 as   
                    Class                    :    2019    :    2020    :  percent   
                                             :            :            :  of 2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :  ---- 1,000 head ----      percent   
                                             :                                      
All sheep and lambs .........................:  6,065.3      6,002.3         99     
                                             :                                      
Breeding sheep and lambs ....................:  4,438.1      4,399.5         99     
  Replacement lambs - under one year old ....:    729.3        734.9        101     
  Ewes - one year old and older .............:  3,515.3      3,471.3         99     
  Rams - one year old and older .............:    193.5        193.3        100     
                                             :                                      
Market sheep and lambs ......................:  1,627.2      1,602.8         99     
  Market sheep 1/ ...........................:     82.0         84.0        102     
  Market lambs 2/ ...........................:  1,545.2      1,518.8         98     
                                             :                                      
Lamb crop 3/ ................................:  4,045.8                     (X)     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                
1/ United States market sheep only.                                                 
2/ Canada market lambs include small amounts of market sheep.                       
3/ January to December lamb crop.                                                   
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service and Statistics Canada, Livestock   
and Animal Products Section.                                                        

Sheep and Lamb Inventory by Class and Lamb Crop - United States: January 1, 2015-2018
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Class                    :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :              1,000 head               
                                             :                                       
All sheep and lambs .........................: 5,270.0   5,295.0   5,270.0   5,265.0 
                                             :                                       
Breeding sheep and lambs ....................: 3,925.0   3,940.0   3,894.0   3,865.0 
  Replacement lambs - under one year old ....:   650.0     665.0     666.0     662.0 
  Ewes - one year old and older .............: 3,100.0   3,100.0   3,058.0   3,033.0 
  Rams - one year old and older .............:   175.0     175.0     170.0     170.0 
                                             :                                       
Market sheep and lambs ......................: 1,345.0   1,355.0   1,376.0   1,400.0 
  Market sheep ..............................:    85.0      75.0      76.0      80.0 
  Market lambs ..............................: 1,260.0   1,280.0   1,300.0   1,320.0 
                                             :                                       
Lamb crop 1/ ................................: 3,290.0   3,265.0   3,230.0   3,235.0 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ January to December lamb crop.                                                    
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service.                                    

Sheep and Lamb Inventory by Class and Lamb Crop - United States:
January 1, 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :            :            :  2020 as   
                    Class                    :    2019    :    2020    :  percent   
                                             :            :            :  of 2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :  ---- 1,000 head ----      percent   
                                             :                                      
All sheep and lambs .........................:  5,230.0      5,200.0         99     
                                             :                                      
Breeding sheep and lambs ....................:  3,820.0      3,810.0        100     
  Replacement lambs - under one year old ....:    650.0        660.0        102     
  Ewes - one year old and older .............:  3,000.0      2,980.0         99     
  Rams - one year old and older .............:    170.0        170.0        100     
                                             :                                      
Market sheep and lambs ......................:  1,410.0      1,390.0         99     
  Market sheep ..............................:     82.0         84.0        102     
  Market lambs ..............................:  1,328.0      1,306.0         98     
                                             :                                      
Lamb crop 1/ ................................:  3,230.0                     (X)     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                
1/ January to December lamb crop.                                                   
Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service.                                   

Sheep and Lamb Inventory by Class and Lamb Crop - Canada: January 1, 2015-2018
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Class                    :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :              1,000 head               
                                             :                                       
All sheep and lambs .........................:  824.3     815.1     813.9     829.4  
                                             :                                       
Breeding sheep and lambs ....................:  627.1     615.6     610.6     615.4  
  Replacement lambs - under one year old ....:   77.8      74.3      75.5      78.9  
  Ewes - one year old and older .............:  524.3     516.8     511.1     512.9  
  Rams - one year old and older .............:   25.0      24.5      24.0      23.6  
                                             :                                       
Market sheep and lambs ......................:  197.2     199.5     203.3     214.0  
                                             :                                       
Lamb crop 1/ ................................:  843.9     856.8     855.4     838.7  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  January to December lamb crop.                                                   
Source: Statistics Canada, Livestock and Animal Products Section.                    

Sheep and Lamb Inventory by Class and Lamb Crop - Canada: January 1, 2019 and 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :            :            :  2020 as   
                    Class                    :    2019    :    2020    :  percent   
                                             :            :            :  of 2019   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             :   --- 1,000 head ---       percent   
                                             :                                      
All sheep and lambs .........................:   835.3        802.3          96     
                                             :                                      
Breeding sheep and lambs ....................:   618.1        589.5          95     
  Replacement lambs - under one year old ....:    79.3         74.9          94     
  Ewes - one year old and older .............:   515.3        491.3          95     
  Rams - one year old and older .............:    23.5         23.3          99     
                                             :                                      
Market sheep and lambs ......................:   217.2        212.8          98     
                                             :                                      
Lamb crop 1/ ................................:   815.8                      (X)     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                
1/ January to December lamb crop.                                                   
Source: Statistics Canada, Livestock and Animal Products Section.                   

This publication is a result of a joint effort by Statistics Canada and NASS 
to release the number of cattle and calves by class and calf crop for both 
countries within one publication. This information was requested by the 
United States cattle industry to provide producers additional information 
about potential beef, mutton, and lamb supplies. United States inventory 
numbers were previously released on January 31, 2020. Canadian inventory 
numbers were released on February 25, 2020.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock 
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact 
for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@usda.gov.

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 692-0069

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ...........  (202) 690-2424
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632
   Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats .............. (202) 720-0585
   Heidi Lanouette - Cattle, Cattle on Feed ..... (202) 720-3040
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Suzanne Richards - Dairy Products ............ (202) 720-4448
   Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs ................. (202) 720-3106

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