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USDA - NASS: Winter Wheat and Canola Seedings (2020-01-10)

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture - January 10, 2020


Winter Wheat and Canola Seedings 

ISSN: 2474-7440

Released January 10, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Winter Wheat Planted Acres Down 1 Percent

Winter wheat seeded area for 2020 is expected to total 30.8 million acres, 
down 1 percent from 2019. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: 
Hard Red Winter, 21.8 million; Soft Red Winter, 5.64 million; and 
White Winter, 3.37 million.

Winter Wheat Area Seeded - United States: 2018-2020 (Domestic Units)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 Crop year                  :     2020     
      Crop     :--------------------------------------------: as a percent 
               :     2018     :     2019     :     2020     :   of 2019    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : 1,000 acres    1,000 acres    1,000 acres      percent    
               :                                                           
Winter wheat ..:    32,542         31,159         30,804           99      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Winter Wheat Area Seeded - United States: 2018-2020 (Metric Units)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                 Crop year                  :     2020     
      Crop     :--------------------------------------------: as a percent 
               :     2018     :     2019     :     2020     :   of 2019    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :   hectares       hectares       hectares       percent    
               :                                                           
Winter wheat ..:  13,169,420     12,609,740     12,466,070         99      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Winter wheat: Planted area for harvest in 2020 is estimated at 30.8 million 
acres, down 1 percent from 2019 and down 5 percent from 2018. This represents 
the second lowest United States acreage on record. Seeding of the 2020 
acreage was underway in mid-September but was behind the 5-year average pace. 
About a month into seeding, progress was at or ahead of the 5-year average 
for the remainder of seeding the 2020 acreage. Seeding was mostly complete by 
November 17, 2019.

Hard Red Winter (HRW) wheat seeded area is expected to total 21.8 million 
acres, down 3 percent from 2019. Planted acreage is down from last year 
across most of the growing region. The largest increases in planted acreage 
are estimated in Texas while the largest decreases are estimated in Colorado 
and Montana. Record low acreage was seeded in Nebraska and Utah.

Soft Red Winter (SRW) wheat seeded area totals 5.64 million acres, up 
8 percent from last year. Compared with last year, acreage increases are 
expected in most of the SRW growing States, while decreases are expected in 
Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and Wisconsin.

White Winter wheat seeded area totals 3.37 million acres, down 4 percent from 
2019. Planting in the Pacific Northwest was ahead of the 5-year average pace 
in Oregon but was behind in Idaho and Washington. Seeding was virtually 
complete in the region by early November.

Durum wheat: Seedings in Arizona and California for 2020 harvest are 
estimated at a combined 70,000 acres, up 9 percent from 2019 but 41 percent 
below 2018. 

Canola: This report contains the first estimate of 2020 canola seedings for 
Kansas and Oklahoma. Acres seeded in Kansas and Oklahoma for 2020 harvest are 
estimated at a combined 27,000 acres, a decline of 58 percent, or 37,000 
acres, from 2019. If realized, planted acreages in both States would 
represent a new record low. 

This report was approved on January 10, 2020.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Stephen L. Censky

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Winter Wheat Area Seeded - States and United States: 2018-2020
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                    Crop year                     :      2020      
       State       :--------------------------------------------------:  as a percent  
                   :      2018      :      2019      :      2020      :    of 2019     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :  1,000 acres      1,000 acres      1,000 acres        percent     
                   :                                                                   
Alabama ...........:        160              130              185            142       
Arizona 1/ ........:         22             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Arkansas ..........:        175              110              160            145       
California ........:        380              390              340             87       
Colorado ..........:      2,250            2,150            1,900             88       
Delaware ..........:         75               60               55             92       
Florida 1/ ........:         15             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Georgia ...........:        200              150              160            107       
Idaho .............:        720              730              720             99       
Illinois ..........:        600              650              490             75       
                   :                                                                   
Indiana ...........:        310              330              310             94       
Iowa 1/ ...........:         16             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Kansas ............:      7,700            6,900            6,900            100       
Kentucky ..........:        450              460              540            117       
Louisiana 1/ ......:         15             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Maryland ..........:        360              345              400            116       
Michigan ..........:        510              540              500             93       
Minnesota 1/ ......:         11             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Mississippi .......:         55               45               45            100       
Missouri ..........:        740              550              440             80       
                   :                                                                   
Montana ...........:      1,650            2,000            1,600             80       
Nebraska ..........:      1,100            1,070              900             84       
Nevada 1/ .........:         13             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
New Jersey ........:         18               19               29            153       
New Mexico ........:        320              360              330             92       
New York ..........:        110               90              150            167       
North Carolina ....:        460              290              440            152       
North Dakota ......:         85               85               75             88       
Ohio ..............:        490              500              560            112       
Oklahoma ..........:      4,400            4,200            4,200            100       
                   :                                                                   
Oregon ............:        720              740              700             95       
Pennsylvania ......:        195              180              245            136       
South Carolina ....:         80               70              110            157       
South Dakota ......:        830              860              700             81       
Tennessee .........:        380              280              370            132       
Texas .............:      4,500            4,500            4,900            109       
Utah ..............:        120              125              120             96       
Virginia ..........:        230              180              260            144       
Washington ........:      1,700            1,750            1,700             97       
West Virginia 1/ ..:          7             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Wisconsin .........:        240              195              140             72       
Wyoming ...........:        130              125              130            104       
                   :                                                                   
United States .....:     32,542           31,159           30,804             99       
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                    
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                   
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                   

Durum Wheat Area Seeded - States and United States: 2018-2020
[Blank cells indicate estimation period has not begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    Crop year                     :      2020      
      State     :--------------------------------------------------:  as a percent  
                :      2018      :      2019      :    2020 1/     :    of 2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  1,000 acres      1,000 acres      1,000 acres        percent     
                :                                                                   
Arizona ........:        74               34               45             132       
California .....:        45               30               25              83       
Idaho ..........:        11                5                                        
Montana ........:       840              550                                        
North Dakota ...:     1,100              720                                        
South Dakota 2/ :         3             (NA)             (NA)             (X)       
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     2,073            1,339                                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                 
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                
1/   Indicated 2020 area seeded for all five States and the United States will be   
     published in "Prospective Plantings" released March 2020.                      
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                

Canola Area Seeded - States and United States: 2018-2020
[Blank cells indicate estimation period has not begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                    Crop year                     :      2020      
      State     :--------------------------------------------------:  as a percent  
                :      2018      :      2019      :    2020 1/     :    of 2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :  1,000 acres      1,000 acres      1,000 acres        percent     
                :                                                                   
Idaho 2/ .......:       43.0             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Kansas .........:       47.0             29.0             15.0             52       
Minnesota ......:       46.0             51.0                                       
Montana ........:      120.0            150.0                                       
North Dakota ...:    1,590.0          1,700.0                                       
Oklahoma .......:       70.0             35.0             12.0             34       
Oregon 2/ ......:        4.7             (NA)             (NA)            (X)       
Washington .....:       70.0             75.0                                       
                :                                                                   
United States ..:    1,990.7          2,040.0                                       
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                 
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                
1/   Indicated 2020 area seeded for all six States and the United States will be    
     published in "Prospective Plantings" released March 2020.                      
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                

Statistical Methodology

Survey procedures: The estimates in this report are based primarily on 
surveys conducted the first two weeks of December. The December Agricultural 
Survey is a probability survey that includes a sample of approximately 
78,600 farm operators selected from a list of producers that ensures all 
operations in the United States have a chance to be selected. Data from farm 
operators was collected by mail, internet, telephone, or personal interview 
to obtain information on crop acreage, yield, and production for the 2019 
crop year and winter wheat, Durum wheat, and canola seedings for the 2020 
crop year. 

Estimating procedures: National, Regional, State, and grower reported data 
were reviewed for reasonableness and consistency with historical estimates. 
Each Regional Office submits their analysis of the current situation to the 
Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). Survey data are compiled to the National 
level and are reviewed at this level independently of each State's review. 
Estimates were based on survey data and the historical relationship of 
official estimates to survey data. 

Revision policy: These estimates will not be revised; instead, new estimates 
will be made throughout the growing season. End-of-season wheat estimates are 
made after harvest and published in the Small Grains Annual Summary report at 
the end of September. End-of-season canola estimates are published in the 
Crop Production Annual Summary report in the middle of January. 

Reliability: The survey used to make acreage estimates is subject to sampling 
and non-sampling type errors that are common to all surveys. The survey 
indications are subject to sampling variability because not all operations 
with winter wheat are included in the sample. This variability, as measured 
by the relative standard error at the National level, is approximately 
1.8 percent for winter wheat. This means that chances are approximately 95 
out of 100 that survey estimates for acres will be within plus or minus 
3.6 percent for winter wheat. 

Survey indications are also subject to non-sampling errors such as omission, 
duplication, imputation for missing data, and mistakes in reporting, 
recording, and processing the data. These errors cannot be measured directly, 
but they are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection 
process and a careful review of all reported data for consistency and 
reasonableness. 

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.............................. (202) 720-2127

Travis Thorson, Head, Field Crops Section..................... (202) 720-7369
     David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
     Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............ (202) 720-9526
     James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................... (202) 690-8533
     Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
     Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather, Barley...................... (202) 720-7621
     Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................... (202) 720-7688
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
     Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum........... (202) 720-5944
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

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